KENYA / DADAAB CAMP ANNIVERSARY

21-Feb-2012 00:02:32
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the world's largest refugee camp - Dadaab, located in north-eastern Kenya. UNHCR managed three camps in 1992 to host up to 90,000 people. Today, there are more than 460,000 refugees including some 10,000 third-generation refugees born in Dadaab. UNHCR
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STORY: KENYA / DADAAB CAMP ANNIVERSARY
TRT: 2.32
SOURCE: UNHCR
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: NATS

DATELINE: STILLS / FILE, DADAAB REFUGEE COMPLEX, KENYA
SHOTLIST
1. Still image, Liboi Camp, Kenya 1991
2. Still image, Liboi Camp 1992
3. Still image, Liboi Camp 1992
4. Still image, Liboi Camp 1992
5. Wide shot, people walking in Ifo Camp 1992
6. Med shot, malnourished man in Ifo Camp 1992
7. Wide shot, malnourished man in Ifo Camp 1992
8. Close shot, malnourished man in Ifo Camp 1992
9. Still image, of malnourished man Liboi Camp 1992
10. Still image, malnourished child Liboi Camp 1992
11. Wide shot, pan of new arrivals in Ifo Camp 1992
12. Med shot, new arrivals in Ifo camp 1992
13. Wide shot, group of women building hut in Ifo C1992
14. Close shot, same group of woman Ifo Camp 1992,
15. Med shot, group of women building hut in Ifo Camp 1992
16. Med shot, woman walking behind hut Ifo Camp 1992
17. Still image, Dagahaley Camp 1992
18. Still image, Liboi Camp 1992
19. Still image, Dadaab Camp 2008
20. Still image, aerial view from Ifo Camp 1992
21. Close shot, hands pouring water into Jeri can Ifo Camp 1992
22. Close shot, pan from faces to hands pouring water into Jeri can Ifo Camp 1992
23. Still image, Somali refugees getting water from the pump Dadaab Camp 2008
24. Med shot, woman carrying water in wheelbarrow, Ifo Camp 1992
25. Still image woman carrying Jeri can in Liboi Camp 1992
26. Close shot, tires during the floods in Dadaab Kenya 2006
27. Wide shot, trucks arriving to Dadaab during the floods 2006
28. Still image, Liboi Camp during the flood 2006
29. Still image, Dadaab Camp during the flood 2006
30. Wide shot, airdrops in Dadaab 2006
31. Wide shot, people carrying items that have been airdropped Dadaab 2006
32. Wide shot, UN car arriving at Dadaab Camp 2006
33. Wide shot, flooded street Dadaab 2006
34. Wide shot, woman carrying children in wheelbarrow through flooded street Dadaab 2006
35. Wide shot, pan on street in Dadaab
36. Wide shot, group of new arrivals walking through Dadaab 2011
37. Med shot, several UNHCR tents Dadaab 2011
38.Wide shot, group of new arrivals in Dadaab 2011
39. Wide shot, registration centre Dadaab 2011
40. Various shots, refugee woman getting their finger prints taken Dadaab 2009
41. Med shot, young malnourished refugee Dadaab 2011
42. Wide shot, aerial of Dadaab Kenya 2011
STORYLINE
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the world’s largest refugee camp – Dadaab, located in north-eastern Kenya.

When refugees fleeing civil war and a severe drought in neighbouring Somalia began streaming into Kenya in 1991, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) set up the first camps between October 1991 and June 1992 in what eventually became the Dadaab complex.

Many of the camp’s first refugees were severely malnourished and required emergency medical care.

The three Dadaab camps were originally intended to host up to 90,000 people. But today the complex hosts more than 463,000 refugees, including some 10,000 third-generation refugees born in Dadaab.

Located roughly 100 kilometres from the Kenya-Somalia border, the camps are spread across 50 square kilometres (19 square miles).

UNHCR, together with the Government of Kenya and working with other aid agencies has provided protection, shelter and humanitarian assistance, often under difficult and complex circumstances. Chronic overcrowding, risk of disease, continuing drought and seasonal floods are among these challenges.

In 2006, some parts of the camps were destroyed by severe floods, forcing the relocation of thousands of refugees.

During last year’s famine in Somalia, over 1,000 people were arriving everyday. Around 30,000 arrived in June, 40,000 in July and 38,000 in August.

Currently, the situation at Dadaab is extremely challenging. The kidnapping of three aid workers last autumn and more recently, the killing of two refugee leaders and several Kenyan policemen, as well as threats against humanitarian staff have forced UNHCR and its partners to rethink the way that aid is delivered.

Leaders from more than 50 countries and international organisations meeting in London on 23 February will try to co-ordinate a united approach to Somalia, with the long-term goal being a political resolution to the conflict.
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