CAMBODIA CHILD SURVIVAL

18-May-2005
Finding clean water has never been such a simple task for Sok Em. Until a few months ago, she could only draw from a murky pond outside her village. Its water took a toll on her four children. UNICEF
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STORY: CAMBODIA / CHILD SURVIVAL

TRT: 2:49

SOURCE: UNICEF

RESTRICTIONS: NONE

LANGUAGE: CH 1 ENGLISH / NARR STEVE NETTLETON
CH 2 ENGLISH / KHMER / NATS

DATELINE: 29 MARCH 2005 KAMPONG SPEU, CAMBODIA
SHOTLIST
KAMPONG SPEU, CAMBODIA (29 March, 2005)

1. Medium shot, Sok Em collects water for cleaning dishes
2. Medium shot, Sok Em washes dishes inside house, with children watching
3. Close up, daughter's face
4. SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Sok Em, (Paraphrased translation):
"Before, the children often got sick with diarrhoea, she says. All of our money went to taking care of health problems."
5. Wide shot, children pumping water at well
6. Wide shot, Sok Em and children washing hands outside home
7. Close up, Sok Em and children washing hands
8. Wide shot, village children pumping and washing at well
9. Close up, boys washing
10. Close up, water flowing from nozzle
11. Close up, boy and girl pumping well
12. Wide shot, boy herding cows across field
13. Close up, woman holding daughter
14. Wide shot, woman with daughter outside house
15. Close up, drill turning with water spraying
16. Wide shot, drill equipment punching through water table
17. Close up, water spraying drill apparatus
18. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr. Jose M. Echvarria, ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office) Head of Office, Cambodia:
"The problem is that to provide water is the first step in an emergency situation because it's the first need. But now the second step is to provide good sanitation and to educate the people on sanitation measures."
19. Medium shot, girl dips under well spout for quick shower
20. Wide shot, latrines at school, children approach
21. Wide shot, children hanging out in schoolyard
22. Medium shot, three girls playing game
23. Wide shot, hygiene education class in village
24. Medium shot, villagers listening to presentation
25. Close up, volunteer explaining hygiene tips
26 - 28. Wide shot, health volunteers drive on motorcycles
29. Wide shot temporary immunization outreach station in village
30. Medium shot, baby gets vaccination
31. Medium shot, expecting mother gets check up
32. Medium shot, boy receives vitamin A supplement
33 - 34. Wide shot, girls carrying water in bucket from well to latrines
35. Close up, girls on swing
36. Wide shot, children playing on swings
STORYLINE
Finding clean water has never been such a simple task for Sok Em. Until a few months ago, she could only draw from a murky pond outside her village. Its water took a toll on her four children.

Before, the children often got sick with diarrhea, she says. All of our money went to taking care of health problems.

SOUNDBITE (Khmer) Sok Em, (Paraphrased translation):
"Before, the children often got sick with diarrhoea, she says. All of our money went to taking care of health problems."

Earlier this year, engineers installed a well and pump just two houses down the road. Now that they have access to safer water, Sok Em says her children are much healthier.

This well is the product of a partnership between UNICEF and ECHO, the European Commission's Humanitarian Department. The two organizations are working with local communities to boost child survival in Cambodia, which suffers from Asia's worst child mortality rate. An average of one of every eight children here dies before the age of five, in part because many have no access to clean water and sanitation facilities.

UNICEF and ECHO are supporting the drilling of more than 400 new wells in villages and schools this year, supplying water to at least eight thousand families.

SOUNDBITE (English) Dr. Jose M. Echvarria, ECHO (European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office) Head of Office, Cambodia:
"The problem is that to provide water is the first step in an emergency situation because it's the first need. But now the second step is to provide good sanitation and to educate the people on sanitation measures. Now that they have water, the second step is sanitation. With clean water and good sanitation all will have the complete package."

Construction is under way to set up latrines in 40 schools by the end of the year.

UNICEF believes investing in latrines and hygiene promotion in school is critical to change behaviors at an early age and create the demand for sanitation for the next generation of parents.

Community hygiene classes teach villagers how to safely use the water for everything from washing to cooking.

In addition to water and sanitation, UNICEF and ECHO are helping put community health care on the road.

Mobile vaccination teams roll out to pay monthly visits to small villages. They immunize young children against tetanus, measles, polio and other illnesses and check up on pregnant mothers.

Children are also given vitamin A supplements to boost their immune system and tablets to get rid of intestinal worms.

By bringing health care and safe water directly to the communities in need, ECHO and UNICEF are supporting critical activities to help younger Cambodians survive their childhood.

In Kampong Speu, Cambodia, this is Steve Nettleton reporting for UNICEF. For every child, Advance Humanity.
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