01-Dec-2023 00:03:25
A new report from the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) finds more lives are being protected from dangerous climate change but there is a long way to go. Half of countries globally are still not protected by multi-hazard early warning systems. UNDRR
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1. Various shots, extreme weather events and climate disasters, including flood, stand and dust storm, cyclone, hurricane, snow storm, cold wave, thunder and lightning.

2. Various shots, weather stations, satellite technology collecting data and measuring weather events

3. Various shots, monitoring and evaluating weather events, situation rooms, weather and climate maps


4. Various shots, launch of the African Union Situation room in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia
5. Various shots, IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre, weather and climate maps on screen, Kenya


6. Animation of telecommunication networks across the European, Northern African and East Asian continent
7. Med shot, early warning alerts on a mobile phone


8. Various shots, early warning alerts on a mobile phone
9. Med shot, early warning messages being disseminated via megaphones and flags, Nepal
10. Wide shot, woman cranking the siren, Nepal


11. Med shot, man communicating early warning messages through a megaphone to his community members, Mozambique
12. Various shots, community exercise and early warning evacuation drill in Mozambique
13. Close up, World map of global Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems (MHEWS) coverage

Data source: Sendai Framework Monitor, as of March 2023.

The boundaries and names shown as well as the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. The final boundary between the Republic of Sudan and the Republic of South Sudan has not yet been determined. The dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir agreed by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed by the parties. A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

A new report from the United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) finds more lives are being protected from dangerous climate change but there is a long way to go. Half of countries globally are still not protected by multi-hazard early warning systems.

Africa has doubled the quality of early warning systems coverage but still falls below the global average. Less than half of the Least Developed Countries and only 40% of small island developing States have a multi-hazard early warning system. In the Arab States, risk knowledge to underpin early warning systems was found to be particularly low.

The report, the 2023 Global Status of Multi-Hazard Early Warning Systems, analyses the latest data one year into the Early Warnings for All Initiative which aims to cover everyone everywhere by 2027.

It was launched at COP28 by United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres at a high-level event attended by ministers and stakeholders. Its findings reveal that 101 countries have reported having an early warning system, an increase of six countries compared to last year, and representing a doubling of coverage since 2015.

“What we are delivering under the Early Warnings for All initiative can protect and save vulnerable communities from the worst impacts. This is an ambitious goal – but it is also achievable.” António Guterres, Secretary-General of the United Nations

The Secretary General called to double the speed and scale of support in countries in 2024., “For us to make it a reality we need all hands on deck rowing in the same direction – collaborating and cooperating in a way that we have not done before.”

The report found galvanised political commitment and leadership, with 30 countries leading on advancing early warnings and a regional plan in Africa to boost implementation.

“The progress is encouraging but we must not be complacent. With an 80% increase in the number of people affected by disasters since 2015 and half the world still lacking access to early warnings, it is imperative to take action now to save lives, livelihoods, and assets,” said Ms. Mami Mizutori, Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for Disaster Risk Reduction and Head of UNDRR.
“We are making progress but we need to do more. Extra support is still needed to help the countries farthest behind to catch up. For example, many countries in Africa, the Pacific and South America still have significant gaps in attaining the minimum number of meteorological observations required to drive forecasting. The good news is that this report identifies enablers that can help countries enhance early warning and early action, especially for the most vulnerable,” said WMO Secretary-General Prof. Petteri Taalas.
The report recommends investing in risk governance as a proven basis for enabling effective early warning systems. It found that nearly 95 per cent of the countries that reported having a multi-hazard early warning system, also reported the existence of a national disaster risk reduction strategy. Countries with more comprehensive strategies, integrating climate adaptation and disaster resilience, showed an even better coverage of early warning systems.
Enhanced data and harnessing technological opportunities are also highlighted as a key area for action. With 95 percent of the world’s population able to access a mobile broadband network, there are significant opportunities to leverage mobile networks and internet connectivity, for stronger hazard monitoring and faster communication of warnings.
The report also emphasised intensified efforts to ensure hard to reach communities have early warning systems reach everyone and that are based on local needs. The report notes the need to strengthen anticipatory action for better preparedness. Levels of community preparedness have improved with 250 million people evacuated each year globally since 2015 before a disaster strikes.

With major multilateral developments banks and the key financing mechanisms backing Early Warnings for All, the focus now is on scaling up support in more countries and securing the finance to deliver the initiative in the next four years.

To inform planning and better target assistance, WMO conducted a Rapid Assessment of the hazard monitoring and forecasting capacity of the 30 countries selected for initial support under the initiative.

The aggregate results show that almost a quarter (23%) of the 30 countries operate with less than basic monitoring and forecasting capacity for their priority hazards, while over half rely on basic monitoring and forecasting to support their early warning systems.

A series of national workshops are being held in countries around the world to strengthen the institutional basis and improve coordination to speed up rollout of Early Warnings for All.
The Early Warnings For All Initiative (EW4All) was formally launched by the UN Secretary-General in November 2022 at the COP27 meeting in Sharm El-Sheikh.
The Initiative calls for the whole world to be covered by an early warning system by the end of 2027.
Early Warnings for All is co-led by WMO and UNDRR and supported by pillar leads ITU and IFRC. Implementing partners include FAO, OCHA, UNDP, UNEP, UNESCO, REAP, and WFP, among other partners.
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