PAKISTAN / FLOODS AID DISTRIBUTIONS

03-Sep-2022 00:03:47
With a record 33 million people affected by the heavy monsoon rains and flooding in Pakistan, UN agencies are stepping up supports to the Government’s relief efforts. The floods are the deadliest in over a decade and more heavy rains are forecast. UNIC ISLAMABAD
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STORY: PAKISTAN / FLOODS AID DISTRIBUTIONS
TRT: 3:47
SOURCE: UNIC ISLAMABAD
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT WFP AND UNICEF FOOTAGE ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 30 AUGUST 2022, KILLA BATO, NUSHKI, BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN / CHARSADDA, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN / AUGUST 2022, NOWSHERA, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN
SHOTLIST
WFP – 30 AUGUST 2022, KILLA BATO, NUSHKI, BALOCHISTAN, PAKISTAN

1. Various shots, flood affected families receiving food baskets from WFP food distribution centre

WFP – 30 AUGUST 2022, CHARSADDA, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN

2. Various shots, affectees in Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

UNICEF – AUGUST 2022, NOWSHERA, KHYBER PAKHTUNKHWA, PAKISTAN

3. Various shots, UNICEF distributing Hygiene Kits
4. Various shots, children and families at the flood affected areas
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Abdullah Fadil, UNICEF Representative in Pakistan:
“I'm in Nowshera where the displaced people have actually set up makeshift camps, literally, under no, simply anything you can consider as shelter built for humans. We need to respond by providing potable water, health and medical equipment and supplies, vaccination for kids. And as you can see, the water still is running, and it's quite strong. Luckily, the last few days we haven't had much rain, but more rain is expected.”
6. Various shots, children and families at the flood affected areas
STORYLINE
With a record 33 million people affected by the heavy monsoon rains and flooding in Pakistan, UN agencies are stepping up supports to the Government’s relief efforts. The floods are the deadliest in over a decade and more heavy rains are forecast.

The expanded assistance provided by WFP and its humanitarian partners to flood-affected families will include food relief, malnutrition prevention and livelihoods support. WFP will also give logistics support for the response. But US$ 34 million is urgently needed to ramp up relief operations.

On Tuesday (30 Aug), WFP distributed food baskets to flood affected families in Killa Bato, Nushki in the province of Balochistan. A total of 400 households (2,600 people) were provided with food baskets containing a bag of 44KG of wheat flour, 4.5 KG of yellow split peas and a packet of 200 grams of salt.

According to UNICEF, more than three million children are in need of humanitarian assistance and at increased risk of waterborne diseases, drowning and malnutrition due to the most severe flooding in Pakistan’s recent history. UNICEF is working with Government and non-government partners to respond to the urgent needs of children and families in affected areas.

Intensified rainfall and flooding over the past week have worsened the fragile humanitarian situation of people in already affected areas, and brought devastation to areas previously spared the brunt of the severe monsoon weather. GilgitBaltistan (GB) province has declared ‘calamity hit’ districts for the first time this season, and the number of calamitydeclared districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) has nearly doubled. Nationwide, 80 districts have now been declared ‘calamity hit’ – 31 in Balochistan, 23 in Sindh, 17 in KP, six in GB and three in Punjab. Many more districts without an official declaration are also reportedly impacted. Around 33 million people have been affected by the heavy rains and flooding, according to the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). More than 470,000 people are living in collective sites, while many more are displaced and being hosted by other households.

Sindh and Balochistan remain the two provinces that have received the most rainfall this monsoon, each more than 5.5 times their respective 30-year-averages. Over 1.1 million houses have now been damaged or destroyed, with the number of destroyed houses doubling to over 436,000 and the number of damaged houses rising by 63 per cent to over 736,000.

This increase has been most pronounced in Balochistan, where the number of damaged and destroyed houses rose from some 29,800 to more than 61,000; in Sindh, where over 896,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed compared to just over 586,000 a week ago; and in KP, where the figure nearly quadrupled to over 76,000 houses damaged or destroyed since mid-June 2022.

Access continues to be a major obstacle to the delivery of aid and the ability of people to flee to safer locations. Two thousand kilometres of road and 98 bridges were damaged or destroyed over the past week, for a total of over 5,000 km and 243 bridges damaged or destroyed in the last 2.5 months. Most of this increase was incurred in KP, which reported nearly 1,600 km of damaged and destroyed roads as of 1 September, compared to just 7 km a week ago. Railways have also been affected. Destroyed railway bridges, submerged tracks and landslides have disrupted routes connecting Balochistan, Sindh and Punjab, including stretches between Quetta and Taftan; between Quetta and Habibkot via Sibbi; between Hyderabad and Multan via Rohri; and between Kotri to Dadu via Lakhi Shah.

The severe weather has continued to take a direct toll on human lives, with more than 1,200 people reported to have died, including 244 women, 526 men and 416 children. Nearly 4,900 people have reportedly been injured, including at least 2,670 women, 1,281 men and 816 children. The Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) indicates that high flood risks remain along the stretch of the Indus River between Taunsa in Punjab and Kotri in Sindh, while satellitedetected water extents mapped by the United Nations Satellite Center (UNOSAT) indicate preliminarily that of 793,000 km2 of lands in Pakistan analysed between 1 and 29 August, around 75,000 km2 appear to be affected by floodwaters, including some 48,530 km2 that appear to be croplands. Initial estimates on the ground suggest that at least 3.6 million acres of crops/orchards across the country have already been affected, including over 35,500 acres in KP, 304,000 acres in Balochistan, 438,000 acres in Punjab and 2.85 million acres in Sindh. The livestock sector has also experienced severe losses, with over 733,000 livestock reportedly killed as of 1 September – 68 per cent in Balochistan and 28 per cent in Punjab.

Preliminary information indicates major damage to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure. Initial estimates are that some 20 per cent of water systems are damaged in KP, around 30 per cent in Balochistan, and up to 50 per cent in the hardest hit areas of Sindh and Punjab. In Balochistan’s Lasbela district, 19 water systems have reportedly been damaged due to floods. The extent of reported damages across flood-affected areas requires further verification. Access to safe drinking water is a significant concern, and communities are increasingly resorting to open defecation, heightening the risk of water and sanitation-related diseases. Cases of diarrhoea and water-borne diseases, respiratory infection, and skin diseases have already been reported.
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