GENEVA / POLAND UKRAINIAN REFUGEES

27-May-2022 00:02:40
Amid the rising needs of vulnerable Ukrainian refugees arriving in Poland, the UN Refugee Agency has scaled up its activities to provide aid as Poland continues to be the main country of arrival for Ukrainian refugees. UNTV CH
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STORY: GENEVA / POLAND UKRAINIAN REFUGEES
TRT: 02:40
SOURCE: UNTV CH
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 27 MAY 2022 GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
SHOTLIST
1. Wide shot, United Nations flag alley, exterior
2. Med shot, participants, TV screen showing speaker
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson, Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“The pace of arrivals has slowed down in comparison to early March, when over 100,000 people were arriving per day, to around 20,000 daily in the course of May.”
4. Close-up, TV screen showing speaker
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson in Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“We have also seen more ‘pendular’ movements, where people go back and forth across the border to Ukraine for various reasons, including visiting families, checking their properties or returning to their jobs.”
6. Close-up, fingers typing on laptop
7 SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson, Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Our estimates, because of the interviews that we are doing in border monitoring, roughly say that about 50 percent of them would like to stay in Poland. And actually, yesterday, the Polish authorities were mentioning as well that in between 1.5 to 2 million would be staying in their country.”
8. Close-up, fingers typing
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson, Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Newly arrived refugees often come from areas heavily affected by the fighting, some having spent weeks hiding in bomb shelters and basements. They often arrive in a state of distress and anxiety, having left family members behind, without a clear plan on where to go, and with less economic resources and connections than those who fled before.”
10. Close-up, participants, TV screen showing Sarrado
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson, Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Over 1.1 million have registered with the Polish authorities, meaning they have received a state ID number (it’s called PESEL), which gives them access to the services; 94 percent of those registered are women and children.”
12. Med shot, two participants, press room
13. SOUNDBITE (English) Olga Sarrado, spokesperson, Poland, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Almost 20 percent of those refugees that enrolled for cash assistance have specific needs. Aid is provided to serious medical cases, older people, single mothers without family support, women at risk, and people with disabilities, and half of the children with specific needs are separated or unaccompanied.”
14. Med shot, two participants, laptops, TV screen showing speaker
15. Close-up, participant, TV screen showing speaker
16. Med shot, participants seated, journalist asking questions
17. Close-up, participants listening
18. Wide shot, United Nations flag alley, exterior
STORYLINE
Amid the rising needs of vulnerable Ukrainian refugees arriving in Poland, the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) has scaled up its activities to provide aid as Poland continues to be the main country of arrival for Ukrainian refugees.

More than 3.5 million have entered the country since the beginning of the war on 24 February.

Speaking from Warsaw at a news briefing at the United Nations in Geneva, UNHCR’s spokesperson Olga Sarrado said that “newly arrived refugees often come from areas heavily affected by the fighting, some having spent weeks hiding in bomb shelters and basements,” said Sarrado.

“They often arrive in a state of distress and anxiety, having left family members behind, without a clear plan for where to go, and with less economic resources and connections than those who fled earlier.”

Noting that “the pace of arrivals has slowed down in comparison to early March, when over 100,000 people were arriving per day, to around 20,000 daily in the course of May”, Olga Sarrado added that “we have also seen more ‘pendular’ movements, where people go back and forth across the border to Ukraine for various reasons, including visiting families, checking their properties or returning to their jobs.”

Health services and medical needs are the main queries UNHCR staff receive from refugees.

Other requests concern transportation, financial support, psychosocial needs, accommodation, and access to social services, including people with disabilities and older people.

UNHCR estimates that roughly “about 50 percent of them would like to stay in Poland”.

According to Olga Sarrado, “the Polish authorities were also mentioning that in between 1.5 to 2 million would be staying in their country.”

Given the large internal displacement due to the massive destruction and the ongoing hostilities in Ukraine, Poland expects to continue receiving large numbers of refugees.

Poland has put in place systems to ensure legal stay, access to employment, education, health care, and other social welfare schemes for Ukrainian refugees.

“Over 1.1 million have registered with the Polish authorities, meaning they have received a state ID number (It’s called PESEL), which gives them access to the services; 94 percent of those registered are women and children”, said Sarrado.

UNHCR rolled out its cash assistance programme in March. UNHCR has established eight cash enrollment centres in the main refugee-hosting areas, including Warsaw, Krakow, Poznan, Wroclaw, Ostroda, Gdynia, and Gdansk.

Over 100,000 refugees from Ukraine have already received financial support from UNHCR to cover their basic needs, such as paying rent or buying food and medicine.

According to UNHCR’s Sarrado, “almost 20 percent of those refugees that enrolled for cash assistance have specific needs.”

She added that “aid is provided to severe medical cases, older people, single mothers without family support, women at risk and people with disabilities, and half of the children with specific needs are separated or unaccompanied.”

Cash is provided for three months to those most in need until they can better support themselves or be included in government social protection systems.
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