UNICEF / ETHIOPIA HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

18-May-2022 00:03:55
Mass displacement due to drought and conflict has resulted in devastating food insecurity in the Afar region in Ethiopia, pushing children and their families to the brink. UNICEF
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STORY: UNICEF / ETHIOPIA HUMANITARIAN SITUATION
TRT: 03:55
SOURCE: UNICEF
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNICEF ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / AMHARIC / NATS

DATELINE: 10-12 MAY 2022, GUYAH IDP SITE, SILSA, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA / AFDERA IDP SITE, AFDERA, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA / DUBTI HOSPITAL, DUBTI, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA
SHOTLIST
10-12 MAY 2022, GUYAH IDP SITE, SILSA, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA

1. Pan left, landscape
2. Various shots, women and child walking with whirlwind following
3. Wide shot, women and children outside IDP tents
4. Med shot, mother and her children sitting under IDP tent
5. Wide shot, internally displaced people line up for aid distribution in a temporary IDP shelter
6. Various shots, men and women sit outside a temporary IDP shelter

10-12 MAY 2022, AFDERA IDP SITE, AFDERA, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA

7. Med shot, mothers and babies wait for treatment at a mobile health and nutrition treatment site
8. Close up shot, various shots, child waits for treatment at a mobile health and nutrition treatment site

DUBTI HOSPITAL, DUBTI, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA

9. Wide shot, malnourished children lying on bed with mothers and doctors attending to them
10. Close up, severely malnourished child sleeping
11. Med shot, baby cries while sitting on her mother’s laps.
12. Med shot, mother fans her sleeping malnourished baby.
13. Med shot, severely malnourished children and mothers in the corridors of the hospital while other people walk by
14. Med shot, severely malnourished children and mothers in the corridors of the hospital
15. Various shots, Dr. Fikre Teklu, General Practitioner, interacting and treating mothers and their malnourished children
16. SOUNDBITE (Amharic) Dr Fikru Teklu, General Practitioner, Dupti IDP Site:
“All this has happened because of the displacement and drought in the region. And this has resulted in the suffering of children from malnutrition. On top of that there is a shortage of clean water in this area. Even though it is known Afar region suffers from lack of clean water. But specifically in this area people use river water. And this exposes them to amoeba and giardia diseases resulting in severe acute malnutrition. We treat children by using ready to use therapeutic feeding program. And it is life-saving and it is helping us a lot. On top of that for admitted patients with complicated cases we give milk and other medications.”

10-12 MAY 2022, GUYAH IDP SITE, SILSA, AFAR REGION, ETHIOPIA

17. Various shots, Michele Servadei, UNICEF Deputy Representative to Ethiopia, interacting with mothers and their malnourished children at mobile health and nutrition site
18. SOUNDBITE (English) Michele Servadei, Deputy Representative to Ethiopia, UNICEF:
“So, UNICEF has a very large operation in Afar. We are tackling of course addressing of course the water and sanitation needs. We are building latrines in camps. We are bringing in water either by water trucking or drilling new boreholes or rehabilitating boreholes that have been destroyed. We are trying to bring also education and protection through an integrated programme called Bete. So we try to hire teachers and social workers for them, for children to have access to psychosocial support but also you know basic education because for months and months they missed out on education.
Another key part of our response is also cash in emergencies. We would like to expand that part as it is key that makes people dignified. It empowers people to use the cash for their priority needs. And of course, nutrition. Nutrition is on top of our agenda. In Afar the malnutrition rates were very high before this crisis and now they are very, very high. So, we are responding with nutrition supplies and also nutrition services.”
19. Various shots, mobile health and nutrition team treating children and their mothers
20. Various shots, two girls fill jerry cans with water
21. Close up, Aisha 9 sits in her makeshift tent
STORYLINE
The Afar region in Ethiopia is facing multiple humanitarian emergencies. Mass displacement due to drought and conflict has resulted in devastating food insecurity, pushing children and their families to the brink. Overall, according to local authorities, an estimated 1.7 million people in 23 woredas/areas are affected by drought and conflict.

Latest local government figures estimate that over 330,000 people have been newly displaced since January 2022. Out of the new internally displaced caseload, over 74,000 are children under five, and 19,000 are pregnant and lactating women. Overall, this brings the total amount of people displaced to over 750,000.

The nutrition situation in Afar continues to deteriorate and the malnutrition status of children is growing at an alarming rate. More specifically, admission for under 5 children for treatment of severe acute malnutrition in the region is 23 per cent higher from January to March 2022 compared to the same period in 2021.

In Dubti Hospital, where it is receiving referrals from across the region, the number of severely malnourished children admitted continues to increase exponentially – from 5 cases a week in January 2022 to 35 cases a week in May 2022, a 600 per cent increase.

SOUNDBITE (Amharic) Dr Fikru Teklu, General Practitioner, Dupti IDP Site:
“All this has happened because of the displacement and drought in the region. And this has resulted in the suffering of children from malnutrition. On top of that there is a shortage of clean water in this area. Even though it is known Afar region suffers from lack of clean water. But specifically in this area people use river water. And this exposes them to amoeba and giardia diseases resulting in severe acute malnutrition. We treat children by using ready to use therapeutic feeding program. And it is life-saving and it is helping us a lot. On top of that for admitted patients with complicated cases we give milk and other medications.”

In response, UNICEF, in close coordination with the local authorities, is working tirelessly to provide life-saving assistance to those desperately in need. This includes the rehabilitation of boreholes and water schemes, emergency water trucking, screening and treatment of severely malnourished children and providing emergency education and child protection support.

SOUNDBITE (English) Michele Servadei, Deputy Representative to Ethiopia, UNICEF:
“So, UNICEF has a very large operation in Afar. We are tackling of course addressing of course the water and sanitation needs. We are building latrines in camps. We are bringing in water either by water trucking or drilling new boreholes or rehabilitating boreholes that have been destroyed. We are trying to bring also education and protection through an integrated programme called Bete. So we try to hire teachers and social workers for them, for children to have access to psychosocial support but also you know basic education because for months and months they missed out on education.
Another key part of our response is also cash in emergencies. We would like to expand that part as it is key that makes people dignified. It empowers people to use the cash for their priority needs. And of course, nutrition. Nutrition is on top of our agenda. In Afar the malnutrition rates were very high before this crisis and now they are very, very high. So, we are responding with nutrition supplies and also nutrition services.”

Latest local government figures estimate that over 330,000 people have been newly displaced since January 2022. Out of the new internally displaced caseload, over 74,000 are children under five, and 19,000 are pregnant and lactating women. Overall, this brings the total amount of people displaced to over 750,000.
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