UNICEF / CHILD MALNUTRITION

16-May-2022 00:06:49
The number of children with severe wasting was rising even before war in Ukraine threatened to plunge the world deeper into a spiralling global food crisis - and it’s getting worse, UNICEF warned in a new Child Alert. UNICEF
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STORY: UNICEF / CHILD MALNUTRITION
TRT: 06:49
SOURCE: UNICEF
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNICEF ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 28, 29 SEPTEMBER 2021, HERAT PROVINCE, HERAT CITY, AFGHANISTAN / 18 NOVEMBER 2021, KANDAHAR, MAIWAND DISTRICT, AFGHANISTAN / NOVEMBER 2021, MABYAN DISTRICT, HAJJAH GOVERNORATE, YEMEN / FEBRUARY 2022, YEMEN / JUNE 2021, YEMEN / 22-21 JANUARY 2020, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA / FEBRUARY 2022, DOLOW IDP CAMP, SOMALIA / MARCH 2022, DOLLOW, SOMALIA / 11-12 APRIL 2022, HIGLO IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; BA’ADLEY, IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; GODE HOSPITAL, GODE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA
SHOTLIST
11-12 APRIL 2022, HIGLO IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; BA’ADLEY, IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; GODE HOSPITAL, GODE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

1. Med shot, woman and baby outside tent.
2. Med shot, two children outside tent
3. Wide shot, UNICEF health and nutrition centre
4. Wide shot, UNICEF health and nutrition centre
5. Wide shot, mother and children seeking treatment at Gode Hospital
6. Med shot, mother and malnourished child at Gode Hospital
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“I'm here in Gode, in Somali region, Ethiopia where three consecutive failed rainy seasons have left children on the brink of starvation. Across the Horn of Africa, at least 10 million children are facing severe drought. More than 1.7 million of these children are severely wasted, like some of the children seeking treatment here in this field hospital. If the rains fail again, this number could rise to over 2 million severely wasted children.”

28, 29 SEPTEMBER 2021, HERAT PROVINCE, HERAT CITY, AFGHANISTAN

8. Med shot, 18-months old Amina recovering from severe acute malnutrition with complications at the UNICEF-supported Inpatient Therapeutic Feeding Centre in Herat Regional Hospital
9. Close up, one and a half month old Zakia, suffering from severe acute malnutrition with complications, being fed by her mother with therapeutic milk through a nasogastric tube

11-12 APRIL 2022, HIGLO IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; BA’ADLEY, IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; GODE HOSPITAL, GODE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

10. SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“Worldwide, a staggering 14 million children under the age of five suffer from severe wasting. About a quarter of them live in emergency zones like this part of Ethiopia, but two thirds live in places that are not facing humanitarian crises, including Bangladesh and India. Every one of these children needs immediate care to avoid lasting damage to their bodies, their developing brains and even death.”

18 NOVEMBER 2021, KANDAHAR, MAIWAND DISTRICT, AFGHANISTAN

11. Wide shot, women and children walk into mobile health and nutrition team (MHNT) location providing nutrition service
12. Wide shot, Soma Quraishi, mid-wife and nutrition counsellor, holding Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet, interacts with mothers during nutrition awareness session
13. Med shot, Quraishi, mid-wife and nutrition counsellor, holding Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet, interacts with mothers during nutrition awareness session
14. Med shot, child diagnosed with severe acute malnutrition being fed from a RUTF sachet by a nutrition counsellor with a mobile nutrition team

11-12 APRIL 2022, HIGLO IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; BA’ADLEY, IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; GODE HOSPITAL, GODE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

15. SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“When severe malnutrition combines with disease outbreaks as is happening right here in Gode, mortality can spike suddenly. We cannot let this happen. Severe wasting is treatable with inexpensive, ready to use therapeutic foods that are proven to save lives. In fact, nutrition support is among the most effective and cost-effective intervention. And yet, every year around 10 million children who need treatment for severe wasting go without the simple life saving treatment.”

NOVEMBER 2021, MABYAN DISTRICT, HAJJAH GOVERNORATE, YEMEN

16. Med shot, child with her mother while the Dr. Dalal is providing her with Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF)in the mobile clinic
17. Close up, child receiving Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF)
18. Med shot, health worker preparing Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet for home use

FEBRUARY 2022, YEMEN

19. Wide shot, nurse bringing in child for treatment at Az-Zaydiyah therapeutic feeding center (TFC)
20. Med shot, educational sessions that are given to the mothers inside the TFCs to raise their awareness about malnutrition
21. Med shot, educational sessions that are given to the mothers inside the TFCs to raise their awareness about malnutrition.
22. Close up, therapeutic milk being prepared by nurse
23. Close up, therapeutic milk being prepared by nurse
24. Close up, therapeutic milk being prepared by nurse
25. shot, child examined for malnutrition by nurse at Alqutae TFC
26. Med shot, child examined for malnutrition by nurse at Alqutae TFC
27. Med shot, mother holding child examined for malnutrition by nurse at Alqutae TFC
28. Close up, child receiving therapeutic milk
29. Close up, child receiving therapeutic milk
30. Med shot, mother and child after therapeutic milk treatment

11-12 APRIL 2022, HIGLO IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; BA’ADLEY, IDP SITE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA; GODE HOSPITAL, GODE, SHABELLE ZONE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

31. SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“We also know how to prevent wasting: investing in women's nutrition before, during and after pregnancy and supporting breastfeeding for infants and nutritious complimentary foods in the first two years of life and screening and treating young children for malnutrition before it's too late. At UNICEF, we are committed to reaching every child in need of treatment and to scaling up the solutions we know can save lives. We can't end global hunger overnight, but we can stop the most desperate children from dying from severe wasting right now. And together we can reach every child, no matter who they are or where they live, with the essential nutrition they desperately need to survive and to thrive.”

JUNE 2021, YEMEN

32. Wide shot, Dr. Fatimah Ahmed and Wardah Awad, 25 years old, with her child Ghosson Ibrahim, 1 year and a half, inside the MAM unit in Al Sadaqa
33. Med shot, Dr. Fatimah Ahmed and Wardah Awad, 25 years old, with her child Ghosson Ibrahim, 1 year and a half, inside the MAM unit in Al Sadaqa
34. Med shot, close up, child examined by doctor
35. Med shot, child weighed by doctor
36. Med shot, doctor using MUAC band to measure child for malnutrition
37. Close up, doctor using MUAC band to measure child for malnutrition
38. Close up, doctor using MUAC band to measure child for malnutrition
39. Med shot, doctor using MUAC band to measure child for malnutrition

22-21 JANUARY 2020, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

40. Wide shot, UNICEF and local government supported mobile health and nutrition teams setting up a temporary clinic so they can provide essential medicines to drought affected children and their families
41. Wide shot, families gathered to receive health and nutrition services
42. Wide shot, families gathered to receive health and nutrition services
43. Wide shot, child screened for malnutrition
44. Close up, child screening for malnutrition
45. Wide shot, families receiving Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet
46. Med shot, Mother and child with Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet
47. Close up, child with Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet
48. Med shot, child with Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet
49. Med shot, child with Ready-to-Use-Therapeutic-Food (RUTF) packet

FEBRUARY 2022, DOLOW IDP CAMP, SOMALIA

50. Wide shot, women and children in Dolow IDP camp
51. Med shot, women and their children wait to receive nutrition counselling at Community Empowerment and Development Action Health Centre
52. Med shot, women and their children screened for malnutrition

MARCH 2022, DOLLOW, SOMALIA

53. Wide shot, mother and child interviewed at Community Empowerment and Development Action Health Centre
54. Wide shot, doctor examining child at Community Empowerment and Development Action Health Centre
55. Med shot, child at Community Empowerment and Development Action Health Centre
56. Med shot, mother and child at Community Empowerment and Development Action Health Centre
STORYLINE
The number of children with severe wasting was rising even before war in Ukraine threatened to plunge the world deeper into a spiralling global food crisis - and it’s getting worse, UNICEF warned in a new Child Alert.

Released today (17 May) Severe Wasting: An Overlooked Child Survival Emergency shows that in spite of rising levels of severe wasting in children and rising costs for life-saving treatment, global financing to save the lives of children suffering from wasting is also under threat.

SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“I'm here in Gode, in Somali region, Ethiopia where three consecutive failed rainy seasons have left children on the brink of starvation. Across the Horn of Africa, at least 10 million children are facing severe drought. More than 1.7 million of these children are severely wasted, like some of the children seeking treatment here in this field hospital. If the rains fail again, this number could rise to over 2 million severely wasted children.”

Currently, at least 10 million severely wasted children – or 2 in 3 – do not have access to the most effective treatment for wasting, ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF). UNICEF warns that a combination of global shocks to food security worldwide – led by the war in Ukraine, economies struggling with pandemic recovery, and persistent drought conditions in some countries due to climate change – are creating conditions for a significant increase in global levels of severe wasting.

SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“Worldwide, a staggering 14 million children under the age of five suffer from severe wasting. About a quarter of them live in emergency zones like this part of Ethiopia, but two thirds live in places that are not facing humanitarian crises, including Bangladesh and India. Every one of these children needs immediate care to avoid lasting damage to their bodies, their developing brains and even death.”

Meanwhile, the price of ready-to-use therapeutic food is projected to increase by up to 16 percent over the next six months due to a sharp rise in the cost of raw ingredients. This could leave up to 600,000 additional children without access to life-saving treatment at current spending levels. Shipping and delivery costs are also expected to remain high.

SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“When severe malnutrition combines with disease outbreaks as is happening right here in Gode, mortality can spike suddenly. We cannot let this happen. Severe wasting is treatable with inexpensive, ready to use therapeutic foods that are proven to save lives. In fact, nutrition support is among the most effective and cost-effective intervention. And yet, every year around 10 million children who need treatment for severe wasting go without the simple life saving treatment.”

Severe wasting – where children are too thin for their height resulting in weakened immune systems – is the most immediate, visible and life-threatening form of malnutrition. Worldwide, at least 13.6 million children under five suffer from severe wasting, resulting in 1 in 5 deaths among this age group.

South Asia remains the ‘epicentre’ of severe wasting, where roughly 1 in 22 children is severely wasted, twice as high as sub-Saharan Africa. And across the rest of the world, countries are facing historically high rates of severe wasting. In Afghanistan, for example, 1.1 million children are expected to suffer from severe wasting this year, nearly double the number in 2018. Drought in the Horn of Africa means the number of children with severe wasting could quickly rise from 1.7 million to 2 million, while a 26 percent increase is predicted in the Sahel compared to 2018.

SOUNDBITE (English) Catherine Russell, Executive Director, UNICEF:
“We also know how to prevent wasting: investing in women's nutrition before, during and after pregnancy and supporting breastfeeding for infants and nutritious complimentary foods in the first two years of life and screening and treating young children for malnutrition before it's too late. At UNICEF, we are committed to reaching every child in need of treatment and to scaling up the solutions we know can save lives. We can't end global hunger overnight, but we can stop the most desperate children from dying from severe wasting right now. And together we can reach every child, no matter who they are or where they live, with the essential nutrition they desperately need to survive and to thrive.”

The Child Alert also notes that even countries in relative stability, such as Uganda, have seen a 40 per cent or more increase in child wasting since 2016, due to rising poverty and household food insecurity causing inadequate quality and frequency of diets for children and pregnant women. Climate-related shocks including severe cyclical drought and inadequate access to clean water and sanitation services are contributing to the rising numbers.

The report goes on to warn that aid for wasting remains woefully low and is predicted to decline sharply in the coming years, with little hope of recovering to pre-pandemic levels before 2028. According to a new analysis for the brief, global aid spent on wasting amounts to just 2.8 per cent of the total health sector ODA (Official Development Assistance) and 0.2 per cent of total ODA spending.
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