OHCHR / LIBYA MYANMAR

10-Dec-2021 00:04:07
The UN human rights office (OHCHR) expressed deep concern over a “continuing series of forced expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants in Libya,” and said it was “appalled by the alarming escalation of grave human rights abuses in Myanmar,” according to a spokesperson. UNTV CH
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STORY: OHCHR / LIBYA MYANMAR
TRT: 4:07
SOURCE: UNTV CH
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 10 DECEMBER 2021, GENEVA, SWTIZERLAND
SHOTLIST
10 DECEMBER 2021, GENEVA, SWTIZERLAND

1. Wide shot, Palais des Nations exterior
2. Wide shot, Briefing room
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“In Libya, we are deeply concerned by a continuing series of forced expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants, including two large groups of Sudanese over the past month, with another group of 24 Eritreans apparently at imminent risk of similar treatment.”
4. Wide shot, briefing room and participants
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“According to information received by our team on the ground, on Monday this week - that’s 6 December - a group of 18 Sudanese individuals were expelled without due process after being transferred from the Ganfouda detention centre in Benghazi to the al-Kufra detention centre in south-eastern Libya.”
6. Med shot, participant in briefing room
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“Such expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants in search of safety and dignity in Libya without the necessary due process and procedural guarantees, contravene the prohibition of collective expulsions and the principle of non-refoulement under international human rights and refugee law.”
8. Med shot, Technician working on computers
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“Those expelled have often already survived a range of other serious human rights violations and abuses in Libya at the hands of both State and non-state actors, including arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, trafficking, sexual violence, torture and ill-treatment.”
10. Med shot, Participant typing on computer
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“And we also call on Libya to act urgently to meet its obligations under international human rights law, including the principle of non-refoulement and the prohibition of collective expulsions.”
12. Wide shot, participants at dais
13. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“We are appalled by the alarming escalation of grave human rights abuses in Myanmar. In the last week alone, security forces have killed and burned to death 11 people – among them five minors – and rammed vehicles into protesters exercising their fundamental right to peaceful assembly.”
14. Med shot, participant at podium
15. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“On 7 December, as I am sure you have seen, a unit of the Myanmar army was allegedly ambushed with a remote-controlled explosive device in Salingyi Township of Sagaing Region by militia forces. Security personnel reportedly responded by raiding the village of Done Taw and arresting six men and five minors - the youngest of whom was 14 years of age.”
16. Wide shot, technician working on computers and podium
17. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“The 11 males were later found burned by villagers who said they saw fire coming from the area. The villagers indicated that human corpses were contorted into shapes that appeared as though they were trying to shelter one another and escape from burning huts.”
18. Wide shot, briefing room
19. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“These attacks are heinous. They’re completely unacceptable, and disregard common values of humanity. And they are also unfortunately far from isolated.”
20. Wide shot, briefing room
21. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“And a few weeks ago in Kayah State, villagers were reportedly burned alive when the structure they tried to shelter in was allegedly set ablaze by security forces.”
22. Wide shot, briefing room
23. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“Since the coup, Myanmar’s General Min Aung Hlaing’s forces have repeatedly failed to respect their obligations under international law to protect the country's people. As a result, more than 1,300 people have lost their lives and over 10,600 more have been detained.”
24. Wide shot, briefing room
25. SOUNDBITE (English) Rupert Colville, Spokesperson, Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR):
“These latest grave violations demand a firm, unified and resolute international response that redoubles efforts to pursue accountability for the Myanmar military and the restoration of democracy in Myanmar.”
STORYLINE
The UN human rights office (OHCHR) expressed deep concern over a “continuing series of forced expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants in Libya,” and said it was “appalled by the alarming escalation of grave human rights abuses in Myanmar,” according to a spokesperson.

Speaking to reporters in Geneva today (10 Dec), OHCHR spokesperson Rupert Colville said, “In Libya, we are deeply concerned by a continuing series of forced expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants, including two large groups of Sudanese over the past month, with another group of 24 Eritreans apparently at imminent risk of similar treatment.”

“According to information received by our team on the ground, on Monday this week - that’s 6 December - a group of 18 Sudanese individuals were expelled without due process after being transferred from the Ganfouda detention centre in Benghazi to the al-Kufra detention centre in south-eastern Libya.”

Both centres are under the control of the Ministry of Interior’s Department for Combatting Illegal Migration (DCIM). OHCHR said they were apparently transported across the Sahara Desert to the Libya-Sudan border area and dumped there. A month earlier, on 5 November, another group of 19 Sudanese were deported to Sudan, also from Ganfouda via the al-Kufra detention center.

In recent months, other migrants from Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia and Chad – including children and pregnant women - have also been detained and have either already been expelled or may be at any moment.

Colville said, “Such expulsions of asylum-seekers and other migrants in search of safety and dignity in Libya without the necessary due process and procedural guarantees, contravene the prohibition of collective expulsions and the principle of non-refoulement under international human rights and refugee law.”

The Sudanese expelled on Monday, were reportedly arrested, detained and arbitrarily expelled without being afforded an individual assessment of their circumstances and protection needs, such as risk of persecution, torture and ill-treatment or other irreparable harm in their home country. They were not granted access to legal assistance, and were not able to challenge the lawfulness of the expulsion order. In addition, they were not given access to relevant UN organizations, including the UNSMIL Human Rights Service, during their time in detention.

The UN Human Rights office said it was immediately concerned over a group of 24 Eritreans who are currently being held in the same Ganfouda detention center, and who are believed also to be at risk of imminent deportation. On 3 December, we were informed that, in a pattern mirroring the experience of the expelled Sudanese, they had been transferred to the al-Kufr detention centre in preparation for their deportation.

Colville said, “Those expelled have often already survived a range of other serious human rights violations and abuses in Libya at the hands of both State and non-state actors, including arbitrary detention, enforced disappearance, trafficking, sexual violence, torture and ill-treatment.”

OHCHR called on Libya to act urgently to meet its obligations under international human rights law, “including the principle of non-refoulement and the prohibition of collective expulsions.”

The UN human rights office also urged the international community to ensure due diligence in the provision of operational, financial and capacity-building support to the Libyan government in the areas of migration and border management, to ensure these efforts do not undermine human rights.

Turning to Myanmar, Colville said OHCHR was “appalled by the alarming escalation of grave human rights abuses in Myanmar.” In the last week alone, security forces have killed and burned to death 11 people – among them five minors – and rammed vehicles into protesters exercising their fundamental right to peaceful assembly.

OHCHR said, more than 10 months since Myanmar's military overthrew the democratically elected Government in a February coup, the country’s human rights situation is deepening on an unprecedented scale, with serious violations reported daily of the rights to life, liberty and security of person, the prohibition against torture, the right to a fair trial, and freedom of expression.

Colville told reporters that on 7 December a military unit was allegedly ambushed with a remote-controlled explosive device in Salingyi Township of Sagaing Region by militia forces. He said security personnel reportedly responded by raiding the village of Done Taw and arresting six men and five minors - the youngest of whom was 14 years of age.

Colville said, “The 11 males were later found burned by villagers who said they saw fire coming from the area. The villagers indicated that human corpses were contorted into shapes that appeared as though they were trying to shelter one another and escape from burning huts.”

In a separate incident on 5 December, security forces in Kyimyindaing Township, Yangon, rammed a vehicle into unarmed protesters and then fired on them with live ammunition, leading to several casualties.

Colville underscored that these attacks are “heinous, completely unacceptable, and disregard common values of humanity. They are also far from isolated.”

In recent weeks, the UN Human rights office said it had received multiple reports of villages being burned, including protected structures such as places of religious worship, and residential buildings.

In Thantlang town in Chin State, credible sources report the military torched 19 civilian and religious buildings and 450 homes in 10 different incidents.

Colville told reporters that, a few weeks ago in Kayah State, villagers were reportedly “burned alive when the structure they tried to shelter in was allegedly set ablaze by security forces.”

He said, “Since the coup, Myanmar’s General Min Aung Hlaing’s forces have repeatedly failed to respect their obligations under international law to protect the country's people. As a result, more than 1,300 people have lost their lives and over 10,600 more have been detained.”

The OHCHR spokesperson stressed the need for a “firm, unified and resolute international response that redoubles efforts to pursue accountability for the Myanmar military and the restoration of democracy in Myanmar” in the face of these grave violations.
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