UN / PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY

16-Nov-2021 00:03:52
UN Secretary-General António Guterres said conflict prevention is “the very reason the United Nations exists,” adding that the Organization was created “out of the ashes of the Second World War with the intention, embedded in our Charter, to never again subject humanity to war’s inhumanity.” UNIFEED
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STORY: UN / PREVENTIVE DIPLOMACY
TRT: 3:52
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / FRENCH / SPANISH / NATS

DATELINE: 16 NOVEMBER 2021, NEW YORK CITY
SHOTLIST
FILE – NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, UN headquarters exterior

16 NOVEMBER 2021, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, Security Council
3. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Prevention is the ultimate goal of this Council’s work and its resolutions to help countries forge peace and stability and settle their disputes before they spiral into armed conflict. And the role of the Court here is essential. And prevention is the very reason the United Nations exists. This organization was created out of the ashes of the Second World War with the intention, embedded in our Charter, to never again subject humanity to war’s inhumanity.”
4. Wide shot, Security Council
5. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Prevention is ultimately the business of stopping wars and conflicts before they happen. Of defusing — through dialogue — the tensions that spark division and war that put millions of lives in danger every day. But prevention is also the business of making sure that no mother has to skip a meal to feed her children. Of bringing hope for a better future through education, health care and the possibility of an income. Of fostering tolerance, trust, equality and respect for human rights — all the ingredients of a peaceful society. Of closing the development gaps that lead to conflict and bringing the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to life for all people, equally. Of reversing the vicious cycle of conflict and division — and instead, setting in motion a virtuous cycle of development and peace.”
6. Wide shot, Security Council
7. SOUNDBITE (French) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Prevention is not a political tool — but a practical pathway to peace. In order for preventive diplomacy and development to contribute to the peace we all seek, we need the full support of this Council, and indeed all Member States.”
8. Wide shot, Secretary-General seated at Security Council table
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Abdulla Shahid, President of the 76th Session of the General Assembly, United Nations:
“The global community simply must do more. In addition to humanitarian relief, we must support preventive measures to build resilience and strengthen sustainable development to give people the opportunity to live in dignity and in prosperity. Truly, human rights, justice and sustainable development are our greatest tools in both building and maintaining peace and security.”
10. Pan right, Security Council
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Vixen Kelapile, Permanent Representative of Botswana and President of the Economic and Social Council:
“At its founding, ECOSOC was entrusted the responsibility to promote economic and social advancement of all peoples, and the promotion and protection of human rights. Protecting our citizens from want, disease, and environmental degradation is protecting their security and preventing conflict. ECOSOC’s oversight and coordination of the UN development system, including in conflict settings, and it's worked on humanitarian action and coordination are also highly relevant to the maintenance of international peace and security.”
12. Wide shot, Security Council
13. SOUNDBITE (English) Judge Joan E. Donoghue, President, International Court of Justice:
“Once the court delivers its final judgment in relation to a given dispute, the case is removed from its docket. The court is not a monitoring body, so its role in relation to a given dispute ends at that point. However, depending on the particulars of the case, other international organs may be able to play a role in bringing about full implementation of the Court's decisions.”
14. Wide shot, Security Council
STORYLINE
UN Secretary-General António Guterres said conflict prevention is “the very reason the United Nations exists,” adding that the Organization was created “out of the ashes of the Second World War with the intention, embedded in our Charter, to never again subject humanity to war’s inhumanity.”

Speaking today (16 Nov) at a Security Council meeting on Preventive diplomacy, Guterres said prevention does not always get the attention it deserves, possibly because its results are difficult to measure, but it is absolutely vital to lasting peace.

The Secretary-General said he has consistently used his good offices — sometimes publicly, sometimes behind the scenes — to seek to defuse conflicts and advance peace. He reiterated that his agenda of prevention calls for a surge in diplomacy for peace, as well as a better integration of prevention and risk-assessment across UN decision-making.

This, the Secretary-General added, includes connecting the dots among all drivers of conflict — including poverty, inequalities, and climate change.

Guterres said, “Prevention is ultimately the business of stopping wars and conflicts before they happen. Of defusing — through dialogue — the tensions that spark division and war that put millions of lives in danger every day. But prevention is also the business of making sure that no mother has to skip a meal to feed her children. Of bringing hope for a better future through education, health care and the possibility of an income. Of fostering tolerance, trust, equality and respect for human rights — all the ingredients of a peaceful society. Of closing the development gaps that lead to conflict and bringing the promise of the Sustainable Development Goals to life for all people, equally. Of reversing the vicious cycle of conflict and division — and instead, setting in motion a virtuous cycle of development and peace.”

For the women and men of the UN, the UN chief said, preventive diplomacy and development go hand-in-hand, however he stressed that far more must be done to join-up humanitarian, peace and development efforts.

This, he said, means working to end inequalities that deny entire groups of people access to civil and economic life and the levers of decision-making. And it means transforming commitment to human rights from words to practice in every context.

The Secretary-General told Council members that “prevention is not a political tool — but a practical pathway to peace.” He said, for preventive diplomacy to succeed, "we need the full support of this Council, and indeed all Member States.”

Abdulla Shahid, President of the 76th Session of the UN General Assembly, said, for 76 years, the United Nations has represented the pinnacle of what concerted diplomacy can achieve in preventing global conflict. In that time, he said, the UN has come to understand that peace requires a holistic effort that goes beyond traditional paradigms and considers the security, human rights and development priorities of the entire membership. That is why UN members have been increasingly calling for a more representative Security Council, one that is better equipped to deal with the novel and complex challenges of the 21st century, Shahid said.

The President of the General Assembly said the COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the interconnectedness of today's challenges - from health to economic prosperity, to climate change and security. He said, “The global community simply must do more. In addition to humanitarian relief, we must support preventive measures to build resilience and strengthen sustainable development to give people the opportunity to live in dignity and in prosperity. Truly, human rights, justice and sustainable development are our greatest tools in both building and maintaining peace and security.”

Shaid said preventive diplomacy today is being conducted by a broader array of actors using a wider range of tools than ever before. He underscored that sustaining peace and peace building is no longer limited to traditional military peacekeeping, but also includes strengthening capacities, institutions and democratic integrity. He added that this dramatically reduces the likelihood of conflict and is one of the most effective strategies to secure durable peace.

Vixen Kelapile, Permanent Representative of Botswana and President of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), said the UN Charter recognizes development as the indispensable foundation of collective security. He noted that, while there is no dispute that the Security Council has the primary responsibility for the maintenance of peace of international peace and security, conflict prevention is also at the core of the work of the UN and must therefore actively involved all principal organs.

Kelapile said, “At its founding, ECOSOC was entrusted the responsibility to promote economic and social advancement of all peoples, and the promotion and protection of human rights. Protecting our citizens from want, disease, and environmental degradation is protecting their security and preventing conflict. ECOSOC’s oversight and coordination of the UN development system, including in conflict settings, and it's worked on humanitarian action and coordination are also highly relevant to the maintenance of international peace and security.”

Kelapile reminded that, to date, interactions between the Security Council and ECOSOC have remained sporadic and ad hoc. He stressed the need to acknowledge that today’s complex challenges require more institutionalized collaboration. He said, with over 75 years of development experience and a vast body of knowledge which is increasingly pertinent to the work of the Security Council, ECOSOC, together with its subsidiary bodies, has much to offer.

Judge Joan Donoghue, President of the International Court of Justice (ICJ), said today's event provided the perfect opportunity to follow up on some of the points raised during her visit to New York last week as part of the ongoing dialogue among principal organs of the UN that seeks to identify avenues to promote their shared objectives of peace and security.

Donoghue said the ICJ welcomes efforts by other principal UN organs to promote the resort by Member States to the settlement of their disputes before the court. She said a 2012 declaration by the General Assembly reaffirmed the obligation of all states to comply with the decisions of the ICJ in cases in which they are parties. However, she said, “Once the court delivers its final judgment in relation to a given dispute, the case is removed from its docket. The court is not a monitoring body, so its role in relation to a given dispute ends at that point. However, depending on the particulars of the case, other international organs may be able to play a role in bringing about full implementation of the Court's decisions.”
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