UN / MYANMAR CRIMES

23-Aug-2019 00:02:41
Radhika Coomaraswamy, member of the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar today said,“It is our firm belief that there will be no meaningful return of the Rohingya population, no sustainable and secure development in any of the ethnic regions of Myanmar and no long-term peace unless there is an accountability and transformation of the Burmese military.” UNIFEED
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STORY: UN / MYANMAR CRIMES
TRT: 2:41
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 23 AUGUST 2019, NEW YORK CITY / FILE
SHOTLIST
FILE – RECENT – NEW YORK CITY

1.Wide shot, United Nations Headquarters

23 AUGUST 2019, NEW YORK CITY

2. Various shots, conference room
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Radhika Coomaraswamy, Member, Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar:
“It is our firm belief that there will be no meaningful return of the Rohingya population, no sustainable and secure development in any of the ethnic regions of Myanmar and no long term peace unless there is an accountability and transformation of the Burmese military.”
4. Wide shot, conference room
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Radhika Coomaraswamy, Member, Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar:
“We urge Governments and companies to stop their economic activities with the Myanmar conglomerates and companies. We are not against doing business in Myanmar, only against doing business with the military given the terrible human rights abuses.”
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Radhika Coomaraswamy, Member, Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar:
“By satellite and video imagery, we’ve seen the places they are expected to return to. All the villages have been bulldozed, not a tree standing. In addition, the framework of laws and practices with regard to the Rohingyas is discriminatory to the extreme. There is regulation of their reproductive and sexual rights, there is denial of secondary and tertiary education. Because of the freedom of movement prohibitions with passes, they are actually in effect of denial of health care. And of course, malnutrition is the highest in the world in the northern Rakhine.”
7. Wide shot, conference room
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Esther Htusan, Journalist and first person from Myanmar to receive a Pulitzer Prize in 2016:
“When we talk about the culture of impunity, inside the Burmese military institution, from the very lowest level of soldiers to the highest level of generals can violate human rights abuses with complete impunity. In fact, many soldiers or battalion commanders on the ground are encouraged to torture, kill and rape civilians as a tactic to terrorize them.”
9. Wide shot, conference room
10. SOUNDBITE (English) Esther Htusan, Journalist and first person from Myanmar to receive a Pulitzer Prize in 2016:
“Because there is no domestic accountability, the UN Security Council should refer this situation in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC), and impose comprehensive sanctions in order to act on a full range of atrocious crimes committed by the Myanmar military. These actions could then encourage the international partners to rethink their relations with Myanmar military and Government and implement targeted sanctions against the perpetrators of crimes against humanity.”
11. Wide shot, conference room
STORYLINE
Radhika Coomaraswamy, member of the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar today said,“It is our firm belief that there will be no meaningful return of the Rohingya population, no sustainable and secure development in any of the ethnic regions of Myanmar and no long-term peace unless there is an accountability and transformation of the Burmese military.”

Speaking at an Arria-formula meeting on Myanmar today (23 Aug), Coomaraswamy underscored the need for security sector reform in Myanmar under civilian oversight. She said one of the reasons that has not happened is the military’s independent economic base, including through conglomerates, companies, and a network of local and international businesses.

She said, “We urge Governments and companies to stop their economic activities with the Myanmar conglomerates and companies.” Coomaraswamy added, “We are not against doing business in Myanmar, only against doing business with the military given the terrible human rights abuses.”

Reiterating that few Rohingya refugees are willing to return due to lack of accountability, she said, “by satellite and video imagery, we’ve seen the places they are expected to return to. All the villages have been bulldozed, not a tree standing. In addition, the framework of laws and practices with regard to the Rohingyas is discriminatory to the extreme.”

Coomaraswamy continued, “There is regulation of their reproductive and sexual rights, there is denial of secondary and tertiary education. Because of the freedom of movement prohibitions with passes, they are actually in effect of denial of health care. And of course, malnutrition is the highest in the world in the northern Rakhine.”

Also attending the meeting was Esther Htusan, a journalist currently working with the Associated Press. She was the first person from Myanmar to win a Pulitzer Prize, in 2016.

Drawing her experience from reporting on the issue, Htusan said, “When we talk about the culture of impunity, inside the Burmese military institution, from the very lowest level of soldiers to the highest level of generals can violate human rights abuses with complete impunity. In fact, many soldiers or battalion commanders on the ground are encouraged to torture, kill and rape civilians as a tactic to terrorize them.”

She said, “Because there is no domestic accountability, the UN Security Council should refer this situation in Myanmar to the International Criminal Court (ICC), and impose comprehensive sanctions in order to act on a full range of atrocious crimes committed by the Myanmar military.”

The Pulitzer Prize winning journalist reiterated, “These actions could then encourage the international partners to rethink their relations with Myanmar military and Government and implement targeted sanctions against the perpetrators of crimes against humanity.”

The Arria-formula meeting “Mass Atrocity Crimes in Myanmar: Where do we stand on accountability?” was organised by Germany, Peru and Kuwait.

“Arria-formula meetings" are informal, confidential gatherings which enable Security Council members to have a frank and private exchange of views, within a flexible procedural framework, with persons whom the inviting member or members of the Council believe it would be beneficial to hear and/or to whom they may wish to convey a message.
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