UN / GENEVA CONVENTION

13-Aug-2019 00:02:33
Marking the 70th Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, the Security Council heard briefings on how to uphold international humanitarian law humanity in modern conflict. UNIFEED
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STORY: UN / GENEVA CONVENTION
TRT: 02:33
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 13 AUGUST 2019, NEW YORK CITY
SHOTLIST
RECENT, NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, exterior, UN headquarters

13 AUGUST 2019, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, Security Council
3. Zoom in, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs Miguel de Serpa Soares walks up to dais
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs:
“The inclusion of common Article 3 in the Geneva Conventions was a historic moment for humanity. It was the first instance in which non-international armed conflicts were regulated by a multilateral treaty. The significance is augmented by the fact that the Geneva Conventions are now universally adhered to. There is no doubt that common Article 3 has become one of the most important provisions in the Geneva Conventions, not only because of its nature, which I have just mentioned, but also because it is perhaps the most frequently applied provision in contemporary armed conflicts, which are mostly non-international in character.”
5. Wide shot, Council
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Peter Maurer, President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC):
“The Geneva Conventions are for all of us - they represent a line of our common humanity, and they shield us from our own barbarity. We cannot forget this. This anniversary offers us encouragement that respect for the law is both possible and desired by all of us. It is also a call to do more, to do better and live up to our responsibilities during times of conflict to respect life and dignity.”
7. Wide shot, Council
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Annyssa BelIal, Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights:
“Labelling any kind of armed non-state actors as terrorist group obviously limits the possibility of humanitarian engagement with these actors. But more generally, experts tend to agree that it is also important to consider armed non-state actors not only as perpetrators of violations of international law, but also as actors who can place sometimes a positive role in the implementation of IHL, if only because they are often very close to their constituents.”
9. Wide shot, end of meeting
10. Wide shot, Poland Foreign Minister Jacek Czaputowicz walks up to podium
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Jacek Czaputowicz, Minister for Foreign Affairs:
“Today’s discussion revealed that international humanitarian law is not sufficiently observed, particularly in such places like Syria, Libya, South Sudan, or Ukrainian Donbass.”
12. Pan right, Czaputowicz walks away
STORYLINE
Marking the 70th Anniversary of the Geneva Conventions, the Security Council today (13 Aug) heard briefings on how to uphold international humanitarian law humanity in modern conflict.

Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and UN Legal Counsel, Miguel de Serpa Soares, told the Council that “the inclusion of common Article 3 in the Geneva Conventions was a historic moment for humanity,” as it was “the first instance in which non-international armed conflicts were regulated by a multilateral treaty.”

De Serpa Soares said, “there is no doubt that common Article 3 has become one of the most important provisions in the Geneva Conventions,” as it is “perhaps the most frequently applied provision in contemporary armed conflicts, which are mostly non-international in character.”

Briefing via teleconference from Geneva, the President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Peter Maurer, said the Geneva Conventions “represent a line of our common humanity, and they shield us from our own barbarity.”

Maurer said “this anniversary offers us encouragement that respect for the law is both possible and desired by all of us. It is also a call to do more, to do better and live up to our responsibilities during times of conflict to respect life and dignity.”

Also briefing the Council, Annyssa BelIal from the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights told the Council that “labelling any kind of armed non-state actors as terrorist group obviously limits the possibility of humanitarian engagement with these actors.”

BelIal said “experts tend to agree that it is also important to consider armed non-state actors not only as perpetrators of violations of international law, but also as actors who can place sometimes a positive role in the implementation of IHL, if only because they are often very close to their constituents.”

Outside the Council, the Foreign Minister of Poland, Jacek Czaputowicz, told reporters that “today’s discussion revealed that international humanitarian law is not sufficiently observed, particularly in such places like Syria, Libya, South Sudan, or Ukrainian Donbass.”

Poland holds the presidency of the Council for the month of August.

Adopted on 12 August 1949, the Geneva Conventions established protections for vulnerable groups in armed conflict - the wounded and sick, prisoners of war, and civilians, including civilians living under occupation.

This year also marks the 20th anniversary of the inclusion of protection of civilians as an item on the Council’s agenda and the adoption of resolution 1265 (1999), the Council’s first resolution on the protection of civilians, which expressed the Council’s deep concern at the erosion of respect for international humanitarian law during armed conflict.
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