WFP / CLIMATE CHANGE FOOD

08-Aug-2019 00:03:24
For the fifth consecutive year, erratic weather patterns - prolonged dry spells and excessive rains - have decimated maize and bean crops in the Dry Corridor of Central America. This has affected the food security of subsistence farmers meaning that many struggle on a daily basis to feed their families. WFP
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STORY: WFP / CLIMATE CHANGE FOOD
TRT: 3:24
SOURCE: WFP
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT WFP ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: SPANISH / ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 29 JULY – 7 AUGUST 2019, GUATEMALA / EL SALVADOR / PANAMA
SHOTLIST
01 AUGUST 2019, CHIQUIMULA, GUATEMALA

1. Various shots, famers cutting failed corn crop

31 JULY 2019, CHIQUIMULA, GUATEMALA

2.Various shots, dry river beds being used to collect sand

29 JULY 2019, SAN GERARDO, EL SALVADOR

3. Various shots, aerial shot of Jose Cirilo’s farm
4. Various shots, Jose on his farm
5.SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Jose Cirilo, Farmer:
“Because of the situation we couldn’t grow enough, the land didn´t yield as much as before, so that forced me to migrate to the United States.”
6. Various shots, Jose on his farm
7. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Jose Cirilo, Farmer:
“If it continues as it is today, I will have to leave again because there is no work here, one can’t survive in El Salvador.”

30 JULY 2019, USULUTAN, EL SALVADOR

8.Various shots, market

7 AUGUST 2019, PANAMA

9. SOUNDBITE (English) Miguel Baretto, Regional Director, WFP Latin America:
“Migration is not a solution. When a person migrates, those who are left behind are suffering the cause of the migration. It takes almost five years to economically recover when one person migrates. So the solution is to work all together pm long term food security systems that promote that these farmers can be resilient and engaged to the markets.”


29 JULY 2019, USULUTA, EL SALVADOR

9. Various shots, WFP community gardens

30 JULY 2019, SAN SALVADOR, EL SALVADOR

10. SOUDBITE (English) Andrew Stanhope Country Director WFP El Salvador:
“This includes the production of different fruits and vegetables and giving them access to markets and we have seen that the investment in these resilience activities has given them the ability to weather that storm of the continuous droughts.”

29 JULY 2019, USULUTAN, EL SALVADOR

11. Various shots, Zayra participates in WFP resilience projects
STORYLINE
For the fifth consecutive year, erratic weather patterns - prolonged dry spells and excessive rains - have decimated maize and bean crops in the Dry Corridor of Central America. This has affected the food security of subsistence farmers meaning that many struggle on a daily basis to feed their families.

More than two million people in Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua have been affected, and 1.4 million of them need urgent food assistance, according to a food security assessment carried out in late 2018 by the World Food Programme, the Food and Agriculture Organization and government institutions.

SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Jose Cirilo, Farmer:
“Because of the situation we couldn’t grow enough, the land didn´t yield as much as before, so that forced me to migrate to the United States.”

SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Jose Cirilo, Farmer:
“If it continues as it is today, I will have to leave again because there is no work here, one can’t survive in El Salvador.”

Up to 82 per cent of the families sold their agricultural tools and animals, cut back or skipped meals and ate less nutritious foods to deal with their food insecurity. The assessment classifies these actions as emergency coping strategies.

Subsistence farmers and their families in the Dry Corridor are highly vulnerable to food insecurity. When they lose their crops, farmers try to find jobs in local plantations and often have no income to buy food. Other farmers migrate to cities, neighboring countries, or further afield.

SOUNDBITE (English) Miguel Baretto, Regional Director, WFP Latin America:
“Migration is not a solution. When a person migrates, those who are left behind are suffering the cause of the migration. It takes almost 5 years to economically recover when one person migrates. So the solution is to work all together on long term food security systems that promote that these farmers can be resilient and engaged to the markets.”

According to WFP, over 25 per cent of households do not have sufficient income to cover the cost of the basic food basket.

Eight per cent of families indicated that they were going to resort to migration, which the assessment classifies as an extreme coping strategy.

Given the current situation, WFP plans to provide food assistance to more than 700,000 people living in the Dry Corridor. We have assisted more than 160,000 vulnerable people this year. Our work focuses in their immediate needs as well as helping them adapt to climate change.

SOUDBITE (English) Andrew Stanhope Country Director WFP El Salvador:
“This includes the production of different fruits and vegetables and giving them access to markets and we have seen that the investment in these resilience activities has given them the ability to weather that storm of the continuous droughts.”

WFP needs US$72 million to assist these people with food distributions in the short-term, and with capacity strengthening interventions in the medium- and long-term to help them build resilience, adapt to climate change and enhance national social protection systems.
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