UN / LDC OCAMPO

15-Mar-2018 00:01:57
With increasing national earning power as well as access to better health care and education, four countries, Bhutan, Kiribati, São Tomé and Principe and Solomon Islands, will be recommended for graduation from the least developed country (LDC) category, the United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP) announced today. UNIFEED
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STORY: UN / LDC OCAMPO
TRT: 01:57
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 15 MARCH 2018, NEW YORK CITY / FILE
SHOTLIST
FILE – RECENT, NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, exterior United Nations headquarters

15 MARCH 2018, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, dais
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Antonio Ocampo, Chair of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP):
“We have four countries that we are going to recommend for graduation, Bhutan, Kiribati, São Tomé and Principe, and the Solomon Islands.”
4. Med shot, journalists
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Antonio Ocampo, Chair of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP):
“In the history of the Least Developed Counties categories, only five countries have graduated, two more are in the process of graduating. So, these four countries, plus others we are going to mention, represent a significant increase in the number of countries that graduated from, or are graduating from the Least Developed countries status. The two other countries we studied and which meet the criteria for graduation, which are Nepal and Timor-Leste, we are going to propose to be reviewed next time again, but they are probably going to graduate also.”
6. Med shot, journalists
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Jose Antonio Ocampo, Chair of the Committee for Development Policy (CDP):
“There are three more countries that met the criteria for graduation for the first triennium, which are, Bangladesh, Lao, and Myanmar. So, these countries, I mean, according to our methodology, countries have to be twice, should meet twice the triennial criteria for graduation, and then they are proposed by CDP for graduation.”
8. Med shot, journalists
9. Zoom out, end of presser
STORYLINE
With increasing national earning power as well as access to better health care and education, four countries, Bhutan, Kiribati, São Tomé and Principe and Solomon Islands, will be recommended for graduation from the least developed country (LDC) category, the United Nations Committee for Development Policy (CDP) announced today (15 Mar).

Professor Jose Antonio Ocampo, Chair of the CDP told journalists in New York that “in the history of the Least Developed Counties categories, only five countries have graduated.”

Ocampo said two more countries, Nepal and Timor-Leste, “are in the process of graduating,” and are “probably going to graduate also.”

He also said three additional countries, Bangladesh, Lao, and Myanmar, “met the criteria for graduation for the first triennium” and according to the CDP’s methodology, if they meet the criteria for graduation for two consecutive triennia, “then they are proposed by CDP for graduation.”

For Bhutan and São Tomé and Principe, per capita GNI tripled, the under-five mortality rate declined and gross secondary enrolment more than doubled from 2003 to 2018. During that same period, the per capita GNI doubled for Solomon Islands while the country’s gross secondary enrolment rate almost doubled.

While in Kiribati the per capita income almost tripled and it continues to perform very well in health and education since 2003, the country remains one of the most environmentally vulnerable LDCs due to its exposure to climate change. For this reason, the CDP has recommended that Kiribati’s graduation is contingent on the creation of a category of countries facing extreme vulnerability to climate change and other environmental shocks. Kiribati and other extremely vulnerable countries should receive support targeting their specific vulnerabilities to climate change and other environmental shocks.

The LDC category is assessed using three criteria: human assets (health and education targets), economic vulnerability and gross national income per capita. Countries must meet two of the three criteria at two consecutive triennial reviews of the CDP to be considered for graduation. CDP will send its recommendations to ECOSOC (the UN Economic and Social Council) for endorsement, which will then refer its decision to the UN General Assembly.
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