ICTY / MLADIC VERDICT

22-Nov-2017 00:02:04
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) today convicted to life imprisonment Ratko Mladić, former Commander of the Main Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS) of genocide, crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war, committed by Serb forces during the armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) from 1992 until 1995. ICTY
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STORY: ICTY / MLADIC VERDICT
TRT: 2:04
SOURCE: ICTY
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH /NATS

DATELINE: 22 NOVEMBER 2017, THE HAGUE, NETHERLANDS
SHOTLIST
1. Various shots, Mladic protesting and being removed
2. Wide shot, Court Chamber
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Alphons Orie, Presiding Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia:
“The accused acts were so instrumental to the commission of the crimes so that without him, the crimes would not have been committed as they were. In light of this, the Chamber found that through his actions, the accused significantly contributed to achieving a common objective of permanently removing Muslims and Croats from Serb-claimed territories in Bosnia and Hercegovina by committing the crimes of persecution, extermination, murder, deportation and inhumane act of forcible transfer."
4. Wide shot, judges
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Alphons Orie, Presiding Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia:
“The Chamber found that accused significantly contributed to achieving the objective of the Srebrenica Joint Criminal Enterprise, by way of committing the crime of genocide, persecution, extermination, murder and inhumane act of forcible transfer."
6. Wide shot, defence lawyers
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Alphons Orie, Presiding Judge, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia:
“For having committed these crimes, the Chamber sentences Mr. Ratko Mladic to life imprisonment. This concludes the delivery of the judgment, the Chamber stands adjourned.”
8. Wide shot, Court adjures
STORYLINE
The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) today (22 Nov) convicted to life imprisonment Ratko Mladić, former Commander of the Main Staff of the Bosnian Serb Army (VRS) of genocide, crimes against humanity and violations of the laws or customs of war, committed by Serb forces during the armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) from 1992 until 1995.

Mladić was convicted of genocide and persecution, extermination, murder, and the inhumane act of forcible transfer in the area of Srebrenica in 1995; of persecution, extermination, murder, deportation and inhumane act of forcible transfer in municipalities throughout BiH; of murder, terror and unlawful attacks on civilians in Sarajevo; and of hostage-taking of UN personnel. He was acquitted of the charge of genocide in several municipalities in BiH in 1992.

The Chamber found that Mladić committed these crimes through his participation in, and contribution to, four joint criminal enterprises (JCE), i.e. the Overarching JCE, the Sarajevo JCE, the Srebrenica JCE and the Hostage-taking JCE.

Mladić was instrumental to the commission of these crimes, the Chamber found, so much so that without his acts - they would not have been committed as they were. The judges therefore found that he significantly contributed to achieving the common objective of permanently removing Muslims and Croats from Serb-claimed territory in BiH by committing the crimes. Mladić was found guilty of persecution, extermination, murder, deportation, and the inhumane act of forcible transfer.

Between May 1992 and November 1995, the Judges found, Mladić significantly contributed to a JCE to establish and carry out a campaign of sniping and shelling, aimed to spread terror among the civilian population of Sarajevo (Sarajevo JCE).

The Judges determined that Mladić intended to perpetrate these crimes to achieve the objective of the Sarajevo JCE and that his actions were instrumental to the commission of the crimes. The Chamber therefore found Mladić guilty of the crimes of terror, unlawful attacks on civilians and murder.

Further, the Chamber found that in 1995 Mladić participated in a JCE to eliminate the Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica (Srebrenica JCE).

In March 1995 Mladić signed orders for a strategic operation against the enclave, intending to empty it of its Bosnian Muslim population and make the area Serbian territory. After the VRS entered Srebrenica on 11 July 1995, the Bosnian Muslim women, children, and some elderly men were forcibly removed from the enclave to Bosnian Muslim-held territory. The Bosnian-Muslim men taken from the UN base in Potočari were detained in temporary detention facilities and later, together with thousands of others captured from the column fleeing the enclave on foot, bussed to various sites in Srebrenica, Bratunac, and Zvornik municipalities, where they were executed.

The Chamber found that Mladić intended to carry out the objective of the Srebrenica JCE by destroying the Bosnian Muslims in Srebrenica, by killing the men and boys and forcibly removing the women, youbbng children, and some elderly men. The Chamber therefore found Mladić guilty of genocide, persecution, murder, extermination, and the inhumane act of forcible transfer.

Parties have the right to appeal the judgement. The appeal proceedings, if any, will be carried out by the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (MICT).

Ratko Mladić is entitled to credit for time spent in detention thus far.

The Trial Chamber I was composed of Judge Alphons Orie (presiding, The Netherlands), Judge Bakone Justice Moloto (South Africa) and Judge Christoph Flügge (Germany).

The trial commenced on 16 May 2012 and the hearing of evidence lasted for over four years, during which the Chamber sat for 530 trial days and received the evidence of 592 witnesses and nearly 10,000 exhibits. The Chamber also took judicial notice of approximately 2,000 adjudicated facts. The closing arguments were held from 5 to 15 December 2016.

Since its establishment, the Tribunal has indicted 161 persons for serious violations of humanitarian law committed on the territory of the former Yugoslavia between 1991 and 2001. Proceedings against 155 have been concluded. Proceedings are currently ongoing for 6 accused.
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