WFP / EL NINO HUNGER

02-Feb-2016 00:02:36
The current El Niño, which began in early 2015, has at least matched the strongest on record, affecting the food security of a vast number of vulnerable people around the globe. The current El Niño is comparable to that of 1997 / 98, which killed some 23,000 people, displaced hundreds of thousands, and resulted in some $45 billion in damages. WFP
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STORY: WFP / EL NINO HUNGER
TRT: 02:36
SOURCE: WFP
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / FRENCH / NATS

DATELINE: 2 FEBRUARY 2016 ITALY, ROME / 28 JANUARY 2016, BETWEEN SHIRE TOWN AND QAD, ETHIOPIA / 29 JANUARY 2016, SHIRE TOWN, ETHIOPIA / 28 JANUARY 2016, QAD VILLAGE, ETHIOPIA / 31 JANUARY 2016 OGOLCHA, ZIWAY DUGDA DISTRICT, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA / 27 JANUARY 2016, PONT JANVIER AND MAHOTIERE, COMMUNE OF THIMAZEAU, HAITI / 27 JANUARY 2016, MAHOTIERE, COMMUNE OF THIMAZEAU, HAITI
SHOTLIST
28 JANUARY 2016, BETWEEN SHIRE TOWN AND QAD, ETHIOPIA

1. Tracking shot, arid fields
2. Wide shot, malnourished camels in grazing areas
3. Close up, water being drawn from a well
4. Med shot, woman with cattle and goats fetching water from the well
5. Med shot, woman pouring water for cattle and goats

29 JANUARY 2016, SHIRE TOWN, ETHIOPIA

6. Wide shot, women from the local community, queuing and waiting for WFP food distribution to start
7. Close up, women and babies queuing

28 JANUARY 2016, QAD VILLAGE, ETHIOPIA

8. Med shot, two women going home with their food rations on their donkey

2 FEBRUARY 2016 ITALY, ROME

9. SOUNDBITE (English) Rogerio Bonifacio, WFP Climate Analyst:
“The current El Niño event that started in March 2015 has peaked in December, being one of probably the strongest on record and will wind down toward the middle of 2016. Its effects however will be felt all the way to early 2017 and its effects have been widespread geographically. El Niño has caused impacts on the growing seasons of Central America and Haiti, Ethiopia, where it registered one of the driest seasons in the past 50 years, all the way to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, which again has suffered one of the major droughts on record.”

31 JANUARY 2016 OGOLCHA, ZIWAY DUGDA DISTRICT, OROMIA, ETHIOPIA

10. Various shots, arrival of UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon and WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Ertharin Cousin, WFP Executive Director:
“This is a different Ethiopia than 1984, but we need an international community that recognizes we don’t need to wait until babies are starving.”

27 JANUARY 2016, PONT JANVIER AND MAHOTIERE, COMMUNE OF THIMAZEAU, HAITI

12. Wide shot, farmers walking in barren field
13. Close up, cracked earth
14. Wide shot, failed crops
15. Close up, dried leaves
16. Various shots, farmers working in field
27 JANUARY 2016, MAHOTIERE, COMMUNE OF THIMAZEAU, HAITI

17. SOUNDBITE (French) Casilien Señor, Farmer:
“We have to walk six hours to find water. Children get hungry on the way and they arrive late to school because of the drought, because they have to get water. But the head master cannot punish them because he understands the situation.”
18. Wide shot, father greeting son as he returns to village
STORYLINE
The current El Niño, which began in early 2015, has at least matched the strongest on record, affecting the food security of a vast number of vulnerable people around the globe. The current El Niño is comparable to that of 1997 / 98, which killed some 23,000 people, displaced hundreds of thousands, and resulted in some $45 billion in damages.

One of the countries already hard hit is Ethiopia, facing what could be its worst drought-related emergency in 50 years. Drought conditions have persisted since early 2015, with similar conditions extending into Sudan and Eritrea.

These areas should be green and full of plant life especially during this time of year.

Severe drought in some regions, exacerbated by El Niño, have caused successive harvest failures and widespread livestock deaths. Acute malnutrition has risen sharply, and one quarter of Ethiopia’s districts are now officially classified as facing a nutrition crisis.

Out of 10.2 million people now requiring urgent humanitarian assistance, WFP is tasked with supporting the government in meeting the needs of 7.6 million people in 2016.

SOUNDBITE (English) Rogerio Bonifacio, WFP Climate Analyst:
“The current El Niño event that started in March 2015 has peaked in December, being one of probably the strongest on record and will wind down toward the middle of 2016. Its effects however will be felt all the way to early 2017 and its effects have been widespread geographically. El Niño has caused impacts on the growing seasons of Central America and Haiti, Ethiopia, where it registered one of the driest seasons in the past 50 years, all the way to Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, which again has suffered one of the major droughts on record.”

UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon and WFP Executive Director Ertharin Cousin visited this drought-hit region of Ethiopia to help raise awareness of the worsening hunger crisis caused by El Niño.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ertharin Cousin, WFP Executive Director:
“This is a different Ethiopia than 1984, but we need an international community that recognizes we don’t need to wait until babies are starving.”

Haiti is in its third year of drought which has been exacerbated by El Niño whose effects will continue to be felt through this year and beyond.

Consecutive years of drought in Haiti, exacerbated by El Niño have caused many farmers to lose a significant part of the harvest they depend on to feed their families. The number of food insecure people in Haiti doubled in less than six months, according to preliminary results of a new study conducted by WFP and the Government. These results suggest that over one million Haitians are currently facing crisis levels of food insecurity and need immediate assistance. In some areas, more than 70 percent of the population is facing hunger.

SOUNDBITE (French) Casilien Señor, Farmer:
“We have to walk six hours to find water. Children get hungry on the way and they arrive late to school because of the drought, because they have to get water. But the head master cannot punish them because he understands the situation.”

The 2015 spring harvest, which accounts for over 50 percent of national annual farm production, fell below average with losses of up to 70 percent in some areas. Making matters worse, without rain for the 2016 spring season farmers will, for the third time in a row, lose the harvest on which they normally depend to feed their families.

WFP has started distributions of emergency food rations drawn from contingency stocks and is targeting 24,000 affected households (about 120,000 people) across six Departments. WFP is also implementing Cash for Assets projects for 30,000 Haitians in areas worst affected by the drought.
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