UN / LRA

Preview Language:   Original
26-Apr-2012 00:02:35
A United Nations official spoke out on the importance of sustained international efforts to bring the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) to justice. He said that this is "a simple conflict" and that once "you remove Joseph Kony" and a couple of his lieutenants, "the problem is done." UNTV / FILE

Available Language: Original
Type
Language
Format
Acquire
/
Original
Other Formats
Description
STORY: UN / LRA
TRT: 2.35
SOURCE: UNTV / ILO / IRIN / UNMISS
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 20 APRIL 2012, NEW YORK CITY / FILE

SHOTLIST

FILE - ILO - MARCH 2005, UGANDA

1. Various shots, child soldiers

20 APRIL 2012, NEW YORK CITY

2. SOUNDBITE (English) Matthew Brubacher, Disarmament and Political affairs Officer UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO):
“The LRA really is a group that needs to be dealt with, and I think it’s a group that can be dealt with. It’s not like a lot of the other situations we’re dealing with, like in the Kivus or in Somalia, where it’s very, very, very complex and hard to understand. There are subtleties, there are different layers, but in the end it is a very simple conflict. A lot of people criticize the Kony 2012 video for being simplified but in the end, it is simple. It’s a simple conflict.”

3. FILE – IRIN – AUGUST 2006, BORDER BETWEEN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) AND SUDAN

4. Med shot, Joseph Kony with other LRA members

20 APRIL 2012, NEW YORK CITY

5. SOUNDBITE (English) Matthew Brubacher, Disarmament and Political affairs Officer UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO):
“How do you stop the LRA? You remove Joseph Kony and you remove a couple of his lieutenants. And the problem is done.”

FILE – IRIN – AUGUST 2006, BORDER BETWEEN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) AND SUDAN

6. Various shots, Joseph Kony talking to journalists

20 APRIL 2012, NEW YORK CITY

7. SOUNDBITE (English) Matthew Brubacher, Disarmament and Political affairs Officer UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO):
“What they do is they basically take children and they force them to usually kill members of their community. And once they do that, then that child feels like he has done something so bad that he won’t go back to his community. And it makes them vulnerable then to the commander who basically tells them what they did was okay. It’s okay you killed your mother, it’s ok you killed your brother. And then that child looks to his commander as sort of a father figure, because he is looking for comfort, he is looking for some sort of reassurance that what he did wasn’t so bad. And through time, they teach him that killing isn’t such a bad thing and with practice they get a little better at it. So they raise this army which is basically, they’re all abductees, there is only about 3 or 4 guys who joined as volunteers. And these kids develop an appetite sort of a proclivity for it. And those who don’t develop a proclivity for it are then used as practice. So it’s a very Darwinian system and is hugely effective.”

FILE – UNMISS - 28 DECEMBER, 2011, JONGLEI, SOUTH SUDAN

8. Various shots, youthful militia troops

FILE – IRIN – AUGUST 2006, BORDER BETWEEN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) AND SUDAN

9. Med shot, armed child soldier sitting on ground

FILE – ILO – MARCH 2005 UGANDA

10. Various shots, former child soldiers in classroom

STORYLINE:

A United Nations official spoke out on the importance of sustained international efforts to bring the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) to justice.

Matthew Brubacher, a disarmament and political affairs officer with the UN Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO), told the UN News Centre that the LRA “really is a group that needs to be dealt with” and it is a group “that can be dealt with.”

Brubacher said that “a lot of people criticize the Kony 2012 video for being simplified” but the fact is that contrary to other conflicts in Africa this is “a simple conflict.”

With the backing of the United Nations and the African Union, four African countries affected by the activities of the LRA – Uganda, Central African Republic, South Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) – recently launched a joint military task force, made up of 5,000 soldiers, to pursue the rebel fighters, including the group’s leader, Joseph Kony.

The MONUSCO official argued that in order to stop the LRA, “you remove Joseph Kony” and a couple of his lieutenants, “and the problem is done.”

Brubacher, who has focused on disarmament, demobilization and reintegration issues involving the LRA for close to a decade, explained the modus operandi of the LRA.

He said that “what they do is they basically take children and they force them to usually kill members of their community.”

Once they do that, he added, “that child feels like he has done something so bad that he won’t go back to his community” and that “makes them vulnerable then to the commander who basically tells them what they did was ok”

The official said that the LRA forces, save a few exceptions, is composed entirely of abductees.

The LRA was formed in the 1980s in Uganda and for over 15 years its attacks were mainly directed against Ugandan civilians and security forces, which in 2002 dislodged the rebels. They then exported their activities to Uganda’s neighbouring countries, with practices that include the recruitment of children, rapes, killing and maiming, and sexual slavery.

To help address the threat and the impact of the LRA, the UN contributes through political, peacekeeping, human rights, humanitarian and development activities. Its efforts are carried out in support of the AU and the governments and people of the four affected countries in collaboration with other partners.

UNICEF's approach to supporting children who have come out of armed forces and armed groups to re-integrate is to help them regain educational opportunities, vocational skills and livelihoods. This is an important step forward in supporting their transition back into their families and communities, without which children are at risk of returning to militaries.
Series
Category
Creator
UNTV / FILE
Asset ID
U120426e