UN / DARFUR

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22-Jul-2011 00:02:16
The United Nations-African Union envoy for Darfur Ibrahim Gambari today called for stepped-up efforts to reach a comprehensive peace agreement as soon as possible, "because if the military path is the way to a solution, we should have found one a long time ago, which we have not." UNTV

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STORY: UN/ DARFUR
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DATELINE: 22 JULY 2011, NEW YORK CITY / FILE

SHOTLIST:

FILE – RECENT, NEW YORK CITY

1.Wide shot, exterior United Nations headquarters

22 JULY 2011, NEW YORK CITY

2.Wide shot, Security Council
3.Med shot, delegates
4.SOUNDBITE (English) Ibrahim Gambari, Joint African Union-UN Special Representative for Darfur:
“While the signing of the DDPD by the two parties represents an important step forward in the search for sustainable peace and stability in Darfur, it is my view that many daunting challenges remain.”
5.Med shot, delegates
6.SOUNDBITE (English) Ibrahim Gambari, Joint African Union-UN Special Representative for Darfur:
“One, how to continue engagement of the holdout armed movements JEM, SLA/ Abdul Wahid and SLA/ Minni Minawi and the Government of Sudan to agree to a cessation of hostilities, followed by a commitment to discuss in good faith to achieve an inclusive and comprehensive peace agreement; two, to ensure local ownership of the peace process by Darfurians at the grassroots level through a credible, transparent and free internal political process; and three, the important need for an enabling environment to make possible a Darfur based process.”
7.Med shot, delegates
8.SOUNDBITE (English) Ibrahim Gambari, Joint African Union-UN Special Representative for Darfur:
“While in numerical terms and frequency, there has been a considerable reduction in attacks on we the peacekeepers and humanitarian actors since my last briefing to Council, occasional and fatal attacks still occur. For example, on the 30th of June, a UNAMID mini bus transporting 5 peacekeepers was attacked by unknown gunmen in El Geneina, West Darfur. One Ethiopian peacekeeper was killed and another injured. Such acts, which constitute war crimes, should not go unpunished.”
9.Zoom in, Security Council
10.SOUNDBITE (English) Ibrahim Gambari, Joint African Union-UN Special Representative for Darfur:
“The challenge of the international community, led essentially by this esteemed body and the African Union Peace and Security Council, is to determine how best to impress on all sides involved in the conflict that a military solution is not the way to go, because if the military path is the way to a solution, we should have found one a long time ago, which we have not. As this Council stressed in its statement on the 23rd of June, every effort should be made to reach a permanent ceasefire and a comprehensive peace agreement as soon as possible, on the basis of the DDPD.”
11.Zoom out, Security Council

STORYLINE:

The United Nations-African Union envoy for Darfur today (22 July) called for stepped-up efforts to reach a comprehensive peace agreement as soon as possible, stressing that it is high time for the people of the strife-torn Sudanese region to resume normal lives.

Reporting on the latest developments, Ibrahim Gambari, the Joint Special Representative and head of the UN-AU peacekeeping mission in Darfur (UNAMID), recalled the recent signing of the draft “Doha Document for Peace in Darfur” (DDPD) by the Sudanese Government and the rebel Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM).

He said that while the signing of the DDPD “represents an important step forward” in the peace process, “many daunting challenges remain.”

The draft provides the basis for reaching a permanent ceasefire and a comprehensive and inclusive peace settlement in Darfur. It was endorsed by a conference held in May in Doha, Qatar, that brought together more than 500 delegates representing various Darfur stakeholders, including internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees, civil society and Government officials.

The first challenge, according to Gambari, will be to continue the engagement of the hold-out armed movements – the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), the Sudan Liberation Army/Abdul Wahid and the Sudan Liberation Army/Minni Minawi – and the Sudanese Government to agree to a cessation of hostilities.

The other challenges are to ensure local ownership of the peace process by Darfurians at the grassroots level through a credible, transparent and free internal political process; and “the need for an enabling environment to make possible a Darfur-based process.”

The Special representative noted that “while in numerical terms and frequency”there has been a considerable reduction in attacks on we the peacekeepers and humanitarian actors in the last few months, “occasional and fatal attacks still occur.”

On 30 June, a UNAMID mini bus transporting 5 peacekeepers was attacked by unknown gunmen in El Geneina, West Darfur. One Ethiopian peacekeeper was killed and another injured.

Gambari said that “such acts, which constitute war crimes, should not go unpunished.”

He concluded pointing out that “the challenge of the international community” will be to determine “how best to impress on all sides involved in the conflict that a military solution is not the way to go, because if the military path is the way to a solution, we should have found one a long time ago, which we have not.”

In his latest report on UNAMID, which Gambari presented to the Security Council today, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stated that, in the coming months, UNAMID, the AU, the UN and the broader international community must be poised to assist the Sudanese Government to address the various causes of instability in the country.

Since 2003, when the deadly conflict erupted in Darfur between rebels, Government forces and allied militiamen, an estimated 300,000 people have been killed and about 2.7 million others have been displaced.
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