GA / SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP

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12-Nov-2009 00:02:37
The General Assembly debates expansion and reform of the Security Council. UNTV

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STORY: GA / SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP
SOURCE: UNTV
TRT: 2.37
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH/ NATS

DATELINE: 12 NOVEMBER 2009, NEW YORK CITY

SHOTLIST:

FILE – RECENT, NEW YORK CITY

1. Tilt up, exterior UN building

12 NOVEMBER, NEW YORK CITY

2. Zoom in, General Assembly Hall
3. Wide shot, Abdelaziz walks to the podium
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Maged Abdelfattah Abdelaziz, Permanent Representative of Egypt to the United Nations:
“Enlarging and reforming the Security Council and its working methods should ensure that the agenda of the Council reflects the needs and interests of both developing and developed countries in an objective, rational, non-selective and non-arbitrary manner. It should aim at limiting and curtailing the use of the veto with a view to its elimination, and should lead to a democratic, more representative, more accountable and more effective Council.”
5. Med shot, Austrian delegation
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Manish Tewari, Member Of Parliament And Member Of The Indian Delegation:
“It is imperative that we make genuine and rapid progress on the issue of United Nations Security Council reform, without which the whole process of UN reform would be incomplete. Our institutions of global governance cannot remain chained to the balance of global power that existed in 1945.”
7. Wide shot, Ney walks to the podium
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Martin Ney, Deputy Permanent Representative of Germany to the United Nations:
“We should arrive at a reform which changes the Security Council for the better. In that, a permanent African presence on the Council, and the permanent presence of other countries from the South, Brazil and India on the Council is essential, but also those who significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security like Japan and Germany should assume their rightful place among the permanent members.”
9. Wide shot, Ribeiro Viotti walking to the podium
10. Med shot, Brazilian delegation
11. SOUNDBITE (English), Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti, Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations:
“No matter how often the Security Council reaches out to other actors, all such initiatives will be insufficient if that body does not truly reflect present day global realities. Only genuine reform in the Council’s structure can bring it closer to that goal. Diversity has to be embedded in its very heart thus making it more legitimate, more representative and hence more effective.”
12. Wide shot, General Assembly Hall


STORYLINE:

The General Assembly met today (12 November) to debate the Report of the Security Council and the question of equitable representation on, and increase in the membership of, the Council.

Egyptian Ambassador Maged Abdelfattah Abdelaziz speaking on behalf of the Non-aligned Movement said that enlarging and reforming the Security Council and its working methods “should ensure that the agenda of the Council reflects the needs and interests of both developing and developed countries” and should aim at “limiting and curtailing the use of the veto with a view to its elimination”, leading to “a democratic, more representative, more accountable and more effective” Security Council.

As established in the UN Charter, there are 15 members in the Council, consisting of five veto-wielding permanent members and ten elected non-permanent members holding two-year terms.

Indian Member Of Parliament, Manish Tewari, told delegates that in order to make “genuine and rapid progress” on Security Council reform, it is imperative that institutions of global governance do not “remain chained to the balance of global power that existed in 1945.”

The Security Council was established in 1945 with its current structure and held its first session on 17 January 1946.

German Ambassador Martin Ney pointed out that a reformed Security Council should have “a permanent African presence” as well as “other countries from the South, Brazil and India” and also “those who significantly contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security like Japan and Germany”.

Brazilian Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti said that diversity had to be embedded in Security Council reform, “thus making it more legitimate, more representative and hence more effective.”

Several formulas have been debated in recent years for the makeup of a reformed and expanded Council, including increasing the number of permanent members by five, namely Brazil, Germany, India, Japan, and one seat from Africa.
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