ASIA / HIV RISK

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11-Aug-2009 00:01:03
A new UN report says an estimated 50 million women in Asia who are either married or in long-term relationships with men who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors are at risk of becoming infected with HIV from their partners. FILE

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STORY: ASIA / HIV RISK
TRT: 1.03
SOURCE: UNIFEM / UNDP / WORLD BANK / ESCAP
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: NATS

DATELINE: FILE

SHOTLIST

FILE - UNIFEM - MARCH 2009, ANGELES CITY, THE PHILIPPINES

1. Zoom out, woman demonstrating condom use for sex workers
2. Close up, female sex worker laughs
3. Med shot, female sex workers outside bar

FILE - UNDP - DATE UNKNOWN - DAKHA, BANGLADESH

4. Various shots, sex workers in street at night
5. Med shot, sex group meeting
6. Various shots, group discussing sex workers issues

FILE - UNDP - 12 FEBRUARY 2006, BAAN NAI RAI, THAILAND

7. Med shot, people walking on street of Phuket
8. Pan right, dancing in the bar district of Phuket
9. Med shot, young lady with back turned to camera

FILE – WORLD BANK – MAY 2008, INDIA

10. Wide shot, street scene
11. Med shot, street scene

FILE – ESCAP - JUNE 2006 - HANOI, VIETNAM

12. Various shots, people in streets in Hanoi

FILE – ESCAP - FEBRUARY 2006 - BANGKOK, THAILAND

13. Various shots, people in streets in Bangkok


STORYLINE:

An estimated 50 million women in Asia, who are either married or in long-term relationships with men who engage in high-risk sexual behaviors, are at risk of becoming infected with HIV from their partners, according to a new report published by the Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS).

“HIV Transmission in Intimate Partner Relationships in Asia,” produced by UNAIDS and its partners, was released today in Bali at the 9th International Congress on AIDS in Asia and the Pacific.

According to the agency, the HIV epidemics in Asia vary between countries in the region, but are fuelled by unprotected paid sex, the sharing of contaminated injecting equipment by injecting drug users, and unprotected sex among men who have sex with men.

Men who buy sex constitute the largest infected population group – and most of them are either married or will get married. “This puts a significant number of women, often perceived as ‘low-risk’ because they only have sex with their husbands or long-term partners, at risk of HIV infection,” it stated in a news release.

UNAIDS estimated that more than 90 per cent of the 1.7 million women living with HIV in Asia became infected from their husbands or partners while in long-term relationships. In Cambodia, India and Thailand, the largest number of new HIV infections occur among married women.

The report pointed out that the strong patriarchal culture in Asian countries severely limits a woman’s ability to negotiate sex in intimate partner relationships. While society tolerates extramarital sex and multiple partners for men, women are generally expected to refrain from sex until marriage and remain monogamous afterwards.

The report makes a number of recommendations, including that HIV prevention interventions be scaled-up for men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, and clients of female sex workers and should emphasize the importance of protecting their regular female partners.
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