HUMAN RIGHTS DAY / ADVANCER

09-Dec-2008 00:04:28
It has been 60 years since the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on 10 December 1948 – the date that is now observed annually as Human Rights Day. UN officials say today's human rights challenges are "as daunting" as those that confronted the Declaration's drafters in the 1940s. UNTV / MINUSTAH / MONUC / UNAMID / UNICEF / PAHO

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STORY: HUMAN RIGHTS DAY / ADVANCER
TRT: 4.28
SOURCE: UNTV / MINUSTAH / MONUC / UNAMID / UNICEF / PAHO
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / FRENCH / NATS

DATELINE: RECENT, NEW YORK CITY / KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO / FILE / ARCHIVE


SHOTLIST:


ARCHIVE – 1948 – PARIS, FRANCE

1. Wide shot, UN Secretary-General Trygve Lie in Paris
2. Wide shot, UN flag outside building

ARCHIVE – 10 DECEMBER, 1948 – PARIS, FRANCE

3. Pan right, General Assembly voting on the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
4. UPSOUND (English) GA President Herbert Evatt (Australia) announcing result of the vote: "In favor of adoption: 48. Against adoption: none. Abstentions: eight."
5. Wide shot, Eleanor Roosevelt seated among delegates, applause
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Eleanor Roosevelt, Chair of Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee:
"This Universal Declaration of Human Rights may well become the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere."

ARCHIVE – 1947 – LAKE SUCCESS, NEW YORK

7. Pan right, car arriving outside Lake Success
8. Wide shot, Eleanor Roosevelt presiding over drafting session

FILE – DATE AND LOCATION UNKNOWN

9. Various shots, handwritten drafts of UDHR

ARCHIVE – 10 DECEMBER, 1948 – PARIS, FRANCE

10. SOUNDBITE (French) René Cassin, member of Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee:
"Our Declaration is the most vigorous, the most necessary of protests by humanity against atrocities and oppression."

ARCHIVE – DATE AND LOCATION UNKNOWN

11. Various shots, concentration camps
12. Wide shot, swastika on building being blown up

NOVEMBER 2008, NEW YORK CITY

13. SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General:
"Drafted amid utter destruction and destitution following the Second World War, the Declaration reflects humanity's aspirations for a future of prosperity, dignity and peaceful coexistence. Its adoption was a landmark. Today, the Declaration remains a core part of the UN's very identity."

FILE – DATE UNKNOWN – CAMBODIA

14. Various shots, skulls on display in museum

FILE – 1994 – RWANDA

15. Various shots, dead bodies on road

3 NOVEMBER 2008, NEW YORK CITY

16. SOUNDBITE (English) Craig Mokhiber, Deputy Director, New York Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:
"Unfortunately we've brought many of the old challenges with us. We thought we were entering an age in which things like genocide for example were a thing of the past, and that very much was the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights."

FILE – UNAMID – 23 JULY 2008, EL FASHER, DARFUR, SUDAN

17. Various shots, Sudanese President al-Bashir and supporters at rally

FILE – MONUC – 7 NOVEMBER, KIWANJA, NORTH KIVU, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

18. UPSOUND (Swahili) local man [MONUC Civil Affairs Officer (French): "Were the Mayi Mayi here?] "Yes, Mayi Mayi troops came here to attack CNDP."
19. Wide shot, blue helmet and officer inspecting ruins
20. Wide shot, doll lying face down on the ground

MONUC – RECENT – KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

21. SOUNDBITE (French) Louis-Marie Bouaka, Human Rights Officer, UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC):
"If you don't love human rights work you won't make it because you will face difficult situations, or you will see a lot of corpses of murdered people, mutilated people, or people in jail who stink because they can't clean themselves, and your role is to humanize that."

FILE – MINUSTAH – 15 SEPTEMBER 2008, GONAIVES, HAITI

22. Various shots, malnourished prisoners in overcrowded jail

FILE – UNTV – RECENT, MONGOLIA

23. Various shots, kids in prison

FILE – MINUSTAH – 6 NOVEMBER, 2008 / BAIE D'ORANGE, BELLE ANSE, HAITI

24. Various shots, two malnourished girls sitting on the floor and eating

25 AUGUST 2008, VLADIKAVKAZ, NORTH OSSETIA, RUSSIAN FEDERATION

25. Med shot, kids drawing in classroom
26. Close up, drawing of tanks

FILE – UNICEF – 12 SEPTEMBER 2008, GUIDAN ROUMDJI AND KABAWA VILLAGE, EASTERN NIGER

27. Med shot, health attendant with mother and baby lying on bed in hospital

FILE – UNTV – RECENT, MEXICO CITY, MEXICO/ FILE

28. Wide shot, gay couple

ARCHIVE – DATE AND LOCATION UNKNOWN

29. Close up, copies of UDHR in different languages


STORYLINE:

Meeting in Paris 60 years ago on 10 December – the date that is now observed annually as Human Rights Day – the UN General Assembly adopted a document that was quickly hailed as historic: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR).

UPSOUND (English) GA President Herbert Evatt (Australia) announcing result of the vote: "In favor of adoption: 48. Against adoption: none. Abstentions: eight."

Eleanor Roosevelt, widow of American President Franklin D. Roosevelt, chaired the UDHR drafting committee.

SOUNDBITE (English) Eleanor Roosevelt, Chairperson of Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee:
"This Universal Declaration of Human Rights may well become the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere."

The formal drafting of the Declaration document was undertaken by an eight-member committee drawn from the then Commission on Human Rights, that was composed of 18 members from different political, cultural and religious backgrounds.

The drafting committee members included the Committee Rapporteur Charles Malik of Lebanon, Vice-Chairman Peng Chung Chang of China, and John Humphrey of Canada, Director of the UN's Human Rights Division, who prepared the Declaration's blueprint.

René Cassin of France prepared the first draft of the Declaration.

SOUNDBITE (French) René Cassin, member of Universal Declaration of Human Rights drafting committee:
"Our Declaration is the most vigorous, the most necessary of protests by humanity against atrocities and oppression."

After the Second World War and the creation of the United Nations, the international community vowed that atrocities like those during the war should never happen again.

World leaders decided to complement the UN Charter with a road map to guarantee the fundamental rights of every individual, everywhere, and always.

In a video message released on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon invoked a "collective responsibility" to uphold the rights enshrined in the Declaration.

SOUNDBITE (English) Ban Ki-moon, United Nations Secretary-General:
"Drafted amid utter destruction and destitution following the Second World War, the Declaration reflects humanity's aspirations for a future of prosperity, dignity and peaceful coexistence. Its adoption was a landmark. Today, the Declaration remains a core part of the UN's very identity."

The UDHR drafters' vision has inspired many human rights defenders who have struggled over the last six decades to make that vision a reality.

But at the same time, grave and large-scale human rights abuses, including war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide, did not end with the Second World War.

In an interview with UNTV, senior UN human rights official Craig Mokhiber said some of the most fundamental and long-established human rights proclaimed in the Universal Declaration are under threat today.

SOUNDBITE (English) Craig Mokhiber, Deputy Director, New York Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights:
"Unfortunately we've brought many of the old challenges with us. We thought we were entering an age in which things like genocide for example were a thing of the past, and that very much was the spirit of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights."

When conflict breaks out, civilian populations are increasingly affected.

In Darfur, the unprecedented move by the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), Luis Moreno-Ocampo, to levy charges of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide against sitting Sudanese President Omar Al Bashir, has sparked fierce controversy.

For UN peacekeeping missions, investigating human rights abuses has become part of the job.

SOUNDBITE (French) Louis-Marie Bouaka, Human Rights Officer, UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC):
"If you don't love human rights work you won't make it because you will face difficult situations, or you will see a lot of corpses of murdered people, mutilated people, or people in jail who stink because they can't clean themselves, and your role is to humanize that."

Describing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a "beacon of hope for the future", UN officials on the 60th anniversary urged the world to reaffirm its fundamental principles.

The Declaration affirms the inherent human dignity and worth of every person in the world, without distinction of any kind. It is the foundation of international human rights law and the first universal statement on the basic principles of inalienable human rights.

Its vision is a world with full realization of civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights without distinction, where every man, woman and child lives in dignity, free from hunger, without violence and discrimination, and with the benefits of housing, education, opportunity and health care.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights has been translated into more than 360 languages.
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