UN HAITI / GUEHENNO

29-Jul-2005
The United Nations announced 750 more peacekeepers for Haiti and vows to investigate allegations that MINUSTAH troops shot and killed unarmed civilians during a recent raid. The UN said it is seeking highly trained troops to operate in slum districts of Port-Au-Prince. UNTV

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STORY: UN / HAITI GUEHENNO

TRT: 3.17

SOURCE: UNTV

RESTRICTIONS: NONE

LANGUAGE: CH 1 ENGLISH / NATS
CH 2 ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 28 JULY 2005, NEW YORK CITY / FILE

SHOTLIST:

28 July 2005, New York City

1. Wide shot, exterior, United Nations headquarters
2. Med shot, Jean-Marie Gu■henno, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations approaching podium outside the Security Council
3.SOUNDBITE (English) Jean-Marie Gu■henno, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations:
"A number of operations have been conducted by MINUSTAH and it is not easy for MINUSTAH to conduct these operations because, operating in an urban environment, ideally you need the kind of very specialized capacities that the mission doesn't really have. But this security situation needs to be addressed urgently."

UNTV - Cite Soleil, Haiti , January 2005

4. Wide shot, travelling shots - street
5. Medium shot, people
6. Close up, woman in the street
7. Wide shot, street with fire
8. Wide shot, slums

28 July 2005, New York City

9. SOUNDBITE (English) Jean-Marie Gu■henno, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations:
"After the operation, there were a number of revenge killings that took place and we have reason to believe those reports. Does that mean that there were no civilian casualties during the operation? I have to be honest with you, there may have been some civilian casualties. Certainly not in the order or magnitude of numbers that were mentioned by those who would want to discredit the efforts of MINUSTAH to bring law and order and peace to Haiti."

UNTV - Bel-Air Haiti , January 2005

10. Med shot, peacekeepers in tank patrolling streets
11. Med shot, peacekeepers walking down street
12. Med shot, peacekeepers patrolling on rooftop

28 July 2005, New York City

SOUNDBITE (English) Jean-Marie Gu■henno, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations:
13." I have put it cleary to the Council that having on the one hand, more intelligence, better intelligence... the UN is not an intelligence gathering operation. Having the best possible information of the situaion on the ground is helpful and possibly having some very specialized capacities would help on the security front."

UNTV - Cite Soleil, Haiti , January 2005

14. Wide shot, tanks rolling down street
15. Close up, peacekeeper holding gun intank
16. Med shot, peacekeepers on patrol

28 July 2005, New York City

17. SOUNDBITE (English) Jean-Marie Gu■henno, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations:
"There will be winners, there will be losers and in a country as polarized as Haiti, if that is not addressed, the risk that the elections are just a moment of further polarization exists.That is where the mission is very actively engaged in promoting inclusiveness for the elections. Inclusiveness of course on the basis of the recognition that violence is not an option."

UNTV - Bel-Air Haiti , January 2005

18. Wide shot, peacekeepers in street
19. Med shot, peacekeeper on guard

UNTV - Cite Soleil, Haiti , January 2005

20. Close up, peacekeeper on guard
21. Zoom in , tanks rolling down street


STORYLINE:

The United Nations mission in Haiti is making slow headway on the many challenges it faces, but lacks specialized capabilities for the urban confrontations it experiences daily, the head of UN peacekeeping.

After briefing the Security Council in closed session yesterday, Under-Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations Jean-Marie Gu■henno told journalists that security in the Caribbean nation, where the UN has deployed the UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) since June of last year, is the immediate and fundamental challenge, without which "no progress is certain."

In the Haitian capital, Port-au-Prince, there have been security improvements in one slum district, Bel Air, but no real improvement in Cit■ Soleil, where the people have been the first victims of gangs, he said.

MINUSTAH has carried out a number of military actions in these areas, Mr. Gu■henno said, but "it is not easy for MINUSTAH to conduct these operations because, operating in an urban environment, ideally you need the kind of very specialized capacities that the mission doesn't really have. But this security situation needs to be addressed urgently."

Saying there may have been some civilian casualties during a MINUSTAH operation carried out on 6 July in the Bois Neuf area of Cit■ Soleil aimed at arresting a prominent gang leader, Emmanuel Wilmer, alias "Dread Wilm■," Mr. Gu■henno said they were "not of the order of magnitude" reported by some critics of the mission.

"After the operation, there were unconfirmed reports from the Haitian National Police (HNP) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that there were a number of revenge killings," he said.

The country was extraordinarily polarized, he noted, using as illustrations the burning of a major market downtown Port-au-Prince last month and the killing of journalist Jacques Roche, whose body was found last Sunday, four days after he was abducted.

Another challenge facing MINUSTAH was assisting with the upcoming elections which could be a foundation for stabilization or could further divide the country, Mr. Guehenno said, as a consequence of which the mission was promoting inclusiveness, but on the basis that violence was not an option. He welcomed the clear condemnation of violence from moderates in Fanmi (Famille) Lavalas, the party headed by President Jean-Bertrand Aristide before he left the country in February of last year.

The third challenge for the mission was the shocking poverty and high unemployment he had observed across Haiti, which "does not create, obviously, a good basis for reconciliation and progress." MINUSTAH, for its part, was looking at using Haitian manpower in such projects as road building, Mr. Guehenno said.

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