UNICEF / WEATHER RELATED DISASTERS

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05-Oct-2023 00:04:04
Weather-related disasters caused 43.1 million internal displacements of children in 44 countries over a six-year period – or approximately 20,000 child displacements a day - according to a new UNICEF analysis released. UNICEF


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STORY: UNICEF / WEATHER RELATED DISASTERS
TRT: 04:04
SOURCE: UNICEF
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LANGUAGE: NATS

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SHOTLIST:

MARCH 2023, MOZAMBIQUE

1. Areal shot, flooded areas in the Nicoadala district, in Zambézia province, Quelimane due to the second impact of Cyclone Freddy
2. Med shot, Isabela Macamo (10) and Lucia Valerio (11), they live in the Icidua neighborhood, one of the poorest neighborhoods in Quelimane, cyclone Freddy destroyed their home, their families are receiving sanitation and hygiene materials for water treatment to prevent cholera disease from UNICEF

JULY 2023, SOFALA PROVINCE, MOZAMBIQUE

3. Areal shot, drone over river
4. Areal shot, over boat landing
5. Med shot, Margarida, student, taking boat to school
6. Med shot, Margarida, student, taking boat to school
7. Med shot, Margarida, student, taking boat to school
8. Med shot, Margarida walking to newly constructed climate resilient classroom
9. Med shot, Margarida in class

FEBRUARY, MARCH 2023, SOUTH SUDAN

10. Wide shot, flood waters over village
11. Med shot, children at bank of flood waters
12. Med shot, children at bank of flood waters
13. Wide shot, children walking over dry land
14. Wide shot, retrieving water from well
15. Med shot, retrieving water from well

APRIL 2023, PHILIPPINES

16. Wide shot, devastation after Typhoon Odette (Rai)
17. Wide shot, devastation after Typhoon Odette (Rai).
18. Wide shot, temporary learning centres outside destroyed schools
19. Wide shot, children with instructor inside temporary learning centre
20. Med shot, children with instructor inside temporary learning centre
21. Med shot, child with instructor
22. Wide shot, temporary learning centre outside destroyed schools
23. Wide shot, children with instructor inside temporary learning centre

AUGUST 2022, MOGADISHU, SOMALIA

24. Wide shot, Gurman camp for internally displaced persons on the outskirts of Mogadishu, Somalia
25. Med shot, Khadijo Mohamed Aden, a mother of four children, outside her family home, Khadijo fled to Mogadishu in search of food and water for her four youngest children
26. Med shot, families in line at waterpoint in Gurman camp
27. Wide shot, families at water collection point
28. Med shot, families at water collection point
29. Close up, filling jerrycan
30. Med shot, Khadijo Mohamed Aden filling jerrycan

STORYLINE:

Weather-related disasters caused 43.1 million internal displacements of children in 44 countries over a six-year period – or approximately 20,000 child displacements a day - according to a new UNICEF analysis released today (05Oct).

Children Displaced in a Changing Climate is the first global analysis of the number of children driven from their homes between 2016 and 2021 due to floods, storms, droughts and wildfires, and looks at projections for the next 30 years.

According to the analysis, China and the Philippines are among the countries that recorded the highest absolute numbers of child displacements, due to their exposure to extreme weather, large child populations and progress made on early warning and evacuation capacities. However, relative to the size of the child population, children living in small island states, such as Dominica and Vanuatu, were most affected by storms, while children in Somalia and South Sudan were most affected by floods.

“It is terrifying for any child when a ferocious wildfire, storm or flood barrels into their community,” said UNICEF Executive Director Catherine Russell. “For those who are forced to flee, the fear and impact can be especially devastating, with worry of whether they will return home, resume school, or be forced to move again. Moving may have saved their lives, but it’s also very disruptive. As the impacts of climate change escalate, so too will climate-driven movement. We have the tools and knowledge to respond to this escalating challenge for children, but we are acting far too slowly. We need to strengthen efforts to prepare communities, protect children at risk of displacement, and support those already uprooted.”

Floods and storms accounted for 40.9 million - or 95 per cent - of recorded child displacements between 2016 and 2021, due in part to better reporting and more pre-emptive evacuations. Meanwhile, droughts triggered more than 1.3 million internal displacements of children - with Somalia again among the most affected, while wildfires triggered 810,000 child displacements, with more than a third occurring in 2020 alone. Canada, Israel and the United States recorded the most.

Decisions to move can be forced and abrupt in the face of disaster, or as the result of pre-emptive evacuation, where lives may be saved but many children still face the dangers and challenges that come with being uprooted from their homes, often for extended periods.

Children are especially at risk of displacement in countries already grappling with overlapping crises, such as conflict and poverty, where local capacities to cope with any additional displacements of children are strained.

Haiti, for example - already at high risk of disaster-related child displacement - is also plagued by violence and poverty, with limited investment in risk mitigation and preparedness. While in Mozambique, it is the poorest communities, including those in urban areas, that are disproportionately affected by extreme weather. These are the countries – where the number of vulnerable children at risk of future displacement is the greatest and coping capacities and financing is limited – where risk mitigation, adaptation, preparedness efforts and financing are most urgent.

Using a disaster displacement risk model developed by Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, the report projects riverine floods have the potential to displace almost 96 million children over the next 30 years, based on current climate data, while cyclonic winds and storm surges have the potential to displace 10.3 million and 7.2 million children respectively, over the same period*. With more frequent and more severe weather events as consequence of changing climate, the actual numbers will almost certainly be higher.

UNICEF works with governments in countries most at risk to better prepare for and minimise the risk of displacement, develop and implement child-responsive disaster risk reduction climate change adaptation strategies, and design resilient and portable services to protect and reach children before, during and after disaster strikes, catering solutions to address context-specific vulnerabilities.

As leaders prepare to meet at the COP28 Climate Change Summit in Dubai in November, UNICEF urges governments, donors, development partners, and the private sector to take the following actions to protect children and young people at risk of future displacement and prepare them and their communities:

Protect children and young people from the impacts of climate change-exacerbated disasters and displacement by ensuring that child-critical services – including education, health, nutrition, social protection and child protection services – are shock-responsive, portable and inclusive, including for those already uprooted from their homes.

Prepare children and young people to live in a climate-changed world by improving their adaptive capacity and resilience, and enabling their participation in finding inclusive solutions.

Prioritize children and young people – including those already uprooted from their homes – in disaster and climate action and finance, humanitarian and development policy, and investments to prepare for a future already happening.
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