Colombia - Security Council, 9303rd meeting

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13-Apr-2023 01:54:10
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia (S/2023/222).

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Identical letters dated 19 January 2016 from the Permanent Representative of Colombia to the United Nations addressed to the Secretary-General and the President of the Security Council (S/2016/53)
Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia (S/2023/222)

Colombia is forging ahead in its total peace policy, rooted in its implementation of the Final Agreement with the former Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia - People’s Army  (FARC-EP), despite facing multiple challenges, the Special Representative for the country told the Security Council today.

Carlos Ruiz Massieu, Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Verification Mission in Colombia, presented the Secretary-General’s report (document S/2023/222), noting that today’s meeting provides a first opportunity for the 15-member organ to hear directly from both signatory parties about the current status of implementation of the Final Agreement for Ending the Conflict and Building a Stable and Lasting Peace. nbsp;

While the visit, which marked Mr. Petro’s first to one of these areas, helped expedite the implementation of the Final Agreement, with the announcement of measures to strengthen the reintegration process, he voiced regret that this group of former combatants has had to leave the area where they invested so much work into their reintegration into civilian life.nbsp;

Turning to restorative justice efforts, he said the Special Jurisdiction for Peace continues to forge ahead in its mandate to investigate and sanction crimes committed by all parties during the conflict. nbsp;

The Council also heard from Mr. Echeverri, who noted that he joined FARC at age 16 and then signed the Final Agreement at age 57 as a commander. nbsp;The two contracting parties to the upcoming negotiations in Havana believe that the conflict of the past 50 years can be resolved through addressing the inequitable land distribution, peasant exclusion and rural underdevelopment, he said.

Pointing out that the lack of political will on the previous Administration’s part stymied much-needed reforms, in line with the Final Agreement, including its proposed creation of a State-land fund, he expressed confidence that the present Administration will undertake the required reforms, calling on the international community to provide support for the purchasing of 3 million hectares from ranchers.nbsp;

Also briefing the Council was Ivan Šimonović (Croatia), Chair of the Peacebuilding Commission, who welcomed the revitalized cooperation between signatory parties in overcoming implementation challenges and called on Council members to support the Government on implementing the development programmes with territorial focus and rural reforms of the Agreement.nbsp;

In the ensuing discussion, speakers were near-unanimous in welcoming the progress made by the Government of Colombia in its the implementation of the Final Agreement, particularly its ethnic chapter, as well as its transitional justice efforts and its sustained negotiations with the National Liberation Army (ELN), among other armed groups.nbsp;

The meeting began at 10:02 a.m. and ended at 11:56 a.m.
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