UN / GUTERRES GENERAL DEBATE INTERVIEW

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18-Sep-2022 00:06:22
Ahead of the 77th session of the General Assembly’s General Debate, Secretary-General António Guterres said that faced with geopolitical divisions, climate change, pandemics and high levels of inequality, “we need unity. We need cooperation, we need dialogue. And the present geopolitical divides are not allowing it to happen.” UNIFEED

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STORY: UN / GUTERRES GENERAL DEBATE INTERVIEW
TRT: 06: 22
SOURCE: UNIFEED
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LANGUAGES: ENGLISH / PORTUGUESE / NATS

DATELINE: 17 SEPTEMBER 2022, NEW YORK CITY / FILE

SHOTLIST:

FILE - NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters

17 SEPTEMBER 2022, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
3. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“The geopolitical divisions that we are witnessing today are terrible when the world is facing climate change, when the world is facing the perspective of other pandemics and the COVID is not yet been solved, when the world is facing high levels of inequality between developed countries and developing countries and huge inequality inside countries, when the world needs to really turn around in all these aspects, we need unity. We need cooperation, we need dialogue. And the present geopolitical divides are not allowing it to happen. We need to change course.”
4. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
5. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Climate change seems to have moved out of the priorities for many decision makers around the world, and this is a suicide. We see emissions growing and we see fossil fuels become fashionable again, when we know that fossil fuels are the main responsible for the progressive war against nature that we have been waging in in our history.”
6. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
7. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“Most of the crises I have witnessed are crises in developing countries, relatively poor countries, and most of them are internal. Even if afterwords there is an intervention of external powers, but they became as civil wars or terrorist activities inside the country. Now, we have a war between one superpower, and Ukraine that is also a modern country. And we are talking of levels of devastation that are not possible in situations where the nature of the armaments and the military capacity in place are completely different.”
8. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
9. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“This has demonstrated that discrete diplomacy still is able to achieve what megaphone diplomacy does not. These agreements would not have been possible if we had not worked persistently to get it done. With high discretion, avoiding the creation of situations in which inevitably, both parties start to fight each other. And this is, I would say, the recipe for many other crises in the world.”
10. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
11. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“When I look to anything that could reduce inequalities in the world, than thing would be education. But unfortunately, we are seeing - with a dramatic situation that we have in the world today, climate, war, pandemics - we are seeing budgets, education budgets being reduced. And so the summit on education is a moment to mobilize the whole international community to make countries understand that they need to invest much more in education, and to make developed countries understand that they need to amplify togetherwith international financial institutions, the support to developing countries for them to be able to invest in education.”
12. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
13. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“When countries have difficulties in solving their problems, nationalism, xenophobia, making scapegoats the foreigners, is unfortunately something that is becoming more and more frequent. We need to understand that human rights must unite, unite communities, unite countries, that racism and xenophobia are two absolutely unacceptable manifestations of a hatred that we need to be able to eliminate in our world.”
14. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
15. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“It is absolutely essential to provide the countries that were impacted by the COVID, by the lockdowns, by the end of tourism, by many other aspects and are today in a desperate situation, in a perfect storm without fiscal space, with an increased debt, it's necessary to have mechanisms of debt relief, to have mechanisms of provision of liquidity to the developing countries that are more in stress, including middle income countries, in order for them to be able to recover, when we saw that the richer countries were able to print billions or even trillions to relaunch their economies.”
16. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
17. SOUNDBITE (English) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“We have reached parity already in relation to senior management at the UN - about 200 senior leaders. We have parity in the resident coordinators, which means the coordinators of the UN action in the different countries of the world. And we are moving with the objective of reaching parity in 2028 at all levels of the United Nations work.”
18. Wide shot, Secretary-General António Guterres and interviewer
19. SOUNDBITE (Portuguese) António Guterres, Secretary-General, United Nations:
“In a dramatically divided world, with geopolitical fractures as we have not seen in recent decades; in a world that at the same time faces terrible challenges such as climate change and pandemics as well as increasingly huge inequality thast condemn more and more people to poverty and hunger, we hope this General Assembly will generate consiousness that divisions have to be overcome, and that it is urgent that we all face the huge challenges we have ahead, with dialogue, cooperation, and solidarity.”
20. Wide shot, end of interview

STORYLINE:

Ahead of the 77th session of the General Assembly’s General Debate, Secretary-General António Guterres on Saturday (17 Sep) said that faced with geopolitical divisions, climate change, pandemics and high levels of inequality, “we need unity. We need cooperation, we need dialogue. And the present geopolitical divides are not allowing it to happen.”

Guterres said, “the present geopolitical divides are not allowing it to happen. We need to change course.”

During a sit-down interview at UN Headquarters, the Secretary-General said, “climate change seems to have moved out of the priorities for many decision makers around the world, and this is a suicide. We see emissions growing and we see fossil fuels become fashionable again, when we know that fossil fuels are the main responsible for the progressive war against nature that we have been waging in in our history.”

Turning to the situation in Ukraine, he said, “most of the crises I have witnessed are crises in developing countries, relatively poor countries, and most of them are internal. Even if afterwords there is an intervention of external powers, but they became as civil wars or terrorist activities inside the country. Now, we have a war between one superpower, and Ukraine that is also a modern country. And we are talking of levels of devastation that are not possible in situations where the nature of the armaments and the military capacity in place are completely different.”

Guterres said the Black Sea Grain Initiative “has demonstrated that discrete diplomacy still is able to achieve what megaphone diplomacy does not.”

He said the Black Sea agreements “would not have been possible if we had not worked persistently to get it done. With high discretion, avoiding the creation of situations in which inevitably, both parties start to fight each other.”

He added that this could be “the recipe for many other crises in the world.”


On the Transforming Education Summit, taking place at UN Headquarters on the 16, 17 and 19 of September, the Secretary-General said, “when I look to anything that could reduce inequalities in the world, than thing would be education. But unfortunately, we are seeing - with a dramatic situation that we have in the world today, climate, war, pandemics - we are seeing budgets, education budgets being reduced.”

He said the Summit “is a moment to mobilize the whole international community to make countries understand that they need to invest much more in education, and to make developed countries understand that they need to amplify togetherwith international financial institutions, the support to developing countries for them to be able to invest in education.”

The UN Chief said, “when countries have difficulties in solving their problems, nationalism, xenophobia, making scapegoats the foreigners, is unfortunately something that is becoming more and more frequent.”

He said, “we need to understand that human rights must unite, unite communities, unite countries, that racism and xenophobia are two absolutely unacceptable manifestations of a hatred that we need to be able to eliminate in our world.”

On a post-pandemic world, Guterres said, “it is absolutely essential to provide the countries that were impacted by the COVID, by the lockdowns, by the end of tourism, by many other aspects and are today in a desperate situation, in a perfect storm without fiscal space, with an increased debt, it's necessary to have mechanisms of debt relief, to have mechanisms of provision of liquidity to the developing countries that are more in stress, including middle income countries, in order for them to be able to recover, when we saw that the richer countries were able to print billions or even trillions to relaunch their economies.”

On gender balance at the organization, the Secretary-General said, “we have reached parity already in relation to senior management at the UN - about 200 senior leaders. We have parity in the resident coordinators, which means the coordinators of the UN action in the different countries of the world. And we are moving with the objective of reaching parity in 2028 at all levels of the United Nations work.”

Finally, in his native Portuguese, he said, “in a dramatically divided world, with geopolitical fractures as we have not seen in recent decades; in a world that at the same time faces terrible challenges such as climate change and pandemics as well as increasingly huge inequality thast condemn more and more people to poverty and hunger, we hope this General Assembly will generate consiousness that divisions have to be overcome, and that it is urgent that we all face the huge challenges we have ahead, with dialogue, cooperation, and solidarity.”

After two years of virtual and hybrid summits, the 77th session of the General Assembly General Debate will take place in person from 18 to 25 September.
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