UNICEF / AFRICA DROUGHT CHILDREN

Preview Language:   Original
22-Aug-2022 00:02:11
UNICEF warns that children in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel could die in devastating numbers unless urgent support is provided, as severe malnutrition and the risk of water-borne disease collide. UNICEF

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STORY: UNICEF / AFRICA DROUGHT CHILDREN
TRT: 00:02:11
SOURCE: UNICEF
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNICEF ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: ETHIOPIA, SOMALI REGION, SOMALIA / FILE
SHOTLIST:

RECENT – FILE, LOCATION UNKNOWN

1. Med shot, dry soil with cracks.
2. Wide shot, dried watering hole in the middle of red desert
3. Wide shot, dried watering hole with empty water bucket and cracked soil
4. Wide shot, tilt up from dry, cracked earth
5. Wide shot, boat ashore dried lake, tractor passing in background
6. Wide shot, dust storm passes frame

RECENT - FILE, ETHIOPIA

7. Med shot, ribs showing through starving cattle
8. Wide shot, pan left to right, people trying to salvage water from nearly dried watering hole
9. Med shot, woman walking through shelter camp with water jug on back
10. Med shot, mother walking through shelter camp with young child on back
11. Med shot, young girl walks alone with empty water jug in hand
12. Wide shot, slow motion, young girl walks with bottle in arms
13. Med shot, row of mothers with children gripped onto them
14. Wide shot, mother sitting on bed with famished young child in her arms
15. Med shot, baby on table kicking and screaming
16. Wide shot, high angle, mother holding child who is exhausted
17. Med shot, mother holds wide-eyed baby
18. Med shot, child waving with bandages on head and face

RECENT - FILE, SOMALIA

19. Med shot, child, asleep and gasping, having their arm measured
20. Close up; measurement on arm reads danger
21. Med shot, mother laying in bed with child
22. Close up; same child, wiping something from eyes
23. Med shot, child on hospital bed with arms stretched out, looking at camera
24. Wide shot, mothers sit with children in arms
25. Close up; child’s face as they glance in the distance
26. Wide shot, two mothers holding babies
27. Close up; child having temperature taken under armpit
28. Close up; sleeping child with stethoscope moving around chest

RECENT - FILE, SOMALI REGION, ETHIOPIA

29. Med shot, disappointed child being held by mother
30. Wide shot, mother holding child standing outside of makeshift shelter
31. Med shot, high angle, looking down well as a jug collects dirty water
32. Close up; jug under water collecting dirty water
33. Close up; jug collecting dirty water from hole in the ground
34. Wide shot, slow motion, child in mud with an empty jug

RECENT - FILE, ETHIOPIA

35. Med shot, slow motion, same child pouring fresh water into jug
36. Wide shot, slow motion, same child pouring fresh water into jug

RECENT - FILE, SOMALIA

37. Med shot, high angle, women collecting fresh water in jugs
38. Close up; jugs collecting fresh water
39. Wide shot, boys collecting fresh water
40. Med shot, high angle, boys collecting fresh water, and it pours into jug
41. Med shot, boys with jugs lined up and water flowing

STORYLINE:
UNICEF warns that children in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel could die in devastating numbers unless urgent support is provided, as severe malnutrition and the risk of water-borne disease collide.

The number of drought-hit people in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia without reliable access to safe water has risen from 9.5 million to 16.2 million in five months.

Meanwhile, children in the Sahel are also facing extremely high levels of water vulnerability.

The number of drought-hit people in Ethiopia, Kenya, and Somalia without reliable access to safe water rose from 9.5 million in February to 16.2 million in July, putting children and their families in increased danger of contracting illnesses like cholera and diarrhea.

In Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria, drought, conflict, and insecurity are driving water insecurity, with 40 million children facing high to extremely high levels of water vulnerability.

Already more children die because of unsafe water and sanitation in the Sahel than in any other part of the world, according to the latest data from World Health Organization WHO).

Most people in the Horn of Africa rely on water delivered by vendors on trucks or donkey carts. Water is no longer affordable for many families in areas worst hit by drought.

In Kenya, 23 counties have seen significant price hikes, topped by Mandera at 400 percent and Garissa by 260 percent compared to January 2021.

In Ethiopia, the cost of water in June this year has doubled in Oromia and increased by 50 percent in Somali compared to the onset of the drought in October 2021.

In Somalia, average water prices climbed 85 percent in South-Mudug, and 55 and 75 percent, respectively, in Buurhakaba and Ceel Berde, compared to prices in January 2022.

More than 2.8 million children across both regions already suffer from severe acute malnutrition, which means they are up to 11 times more at risk of dying from water-borne diseases than well-nourished children.

In Somalia, outbreaks of acute watery diarrhea and cholera have been reported in almost all drought-affected districts, with 8,200 cases reported between January and June, more than double the number of cases reported during the same period last year.

Almost two-thirds of those affected are children under the age of five.

Between June 2021 and June 2022, UNICEF and partners treated more than 1.2 million cases of diarrhea in children under five in the worst drought-hit regions of Ethiopia – Afar, Somalia, SNNP, and Oromia.

In Kenya, over 90 percent of open water sources – such as ponds and open wells - in drought-affected areas are either depleted or dried up, posing a serious risk of disease outbreaks.

Across the Sahel, water availability has also dropped by more than 40 percent in the last 20 years due to climate change and complex factors such as conflict, putting millions of children and families at increased risk of waterborne diseases.

Last year, West and Central Africa marked the region's worst cholera outbreak in the last six years, including 5,610 cases and 170 deaths in Central Sahel.

UNICEF is providing life-saving aid and resilient multisectoral services to children and their families in dire need across the Horn of Africa and the Sahel, including improving access to climate-resilient water, sanitation, and hygiene services, drilling for reliable sources of groundwater, and developing the use of solar systems, identifying and treating children with malnutrition, and scaling up prevention services.

UNICEF’s appeal to improve families’ long-term resilience in the Horn of Africa region – and stop drought devastating lives for years to come – is currently just 3 percent funded.

Of that, almost no money has been received for the section devoted to water, sanitation, and climate resilience.

The appeal for the Central Sahel region to meet the needs of vulnerable children and families with water, sanitation, and hygiene programmes is only 22 percent funded.
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UNICEF
Alternate Title
unifeed220822c
Asset ID
2925132