GENEVA / AFRICA FOOD CRISIS INSTABILITY

06-May-2022 00:03:17
According to the United Nations Development Programme, a trifecta of the ongoing effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, the newly felt effects of the Russia-Ukraine war, and the climate-related challenges have severely impacted efforts to sustain peace and reduce poverty and inequality in the African continent. UNTV CH

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STORY: GENEVA / AFRICA FOOD CRISIS INSTABILITY
TRT: 3:17
SOURCE: UNTV CH
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 06 MAY 2022, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND
SHOTLIST:
1. Med shot, Palais des Nations flag alley, exterior
2. Wide shot, podium, moderator, press briefing room
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Ahunna Eziakonwa, Assistant Administrator and Regional Bureau for Africa Director, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“We have never experienced greater pressure and challenge on our ability to sustain peace and development on a healthy planet as we experience today. A global pandemic that upended the world and changed it forever. We have seen resulting from that, but also in terms of pre-existing conditions, rising poverty, and inequality.”
4. Close up, filming with cell phone
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Ahunna Eziakonwa, Assistant Administrator and Regional Bureau for Africa Director, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“We saw how Covid-19 complicated the effort to maintain or to overcome the insecurity that’s created by many forces including violent extremism and the impact of this, the consequence, affected live and livelihoods but also creating an immense discontent about the population which is led to a regression in democracy.”
6. Med shot, UN technician, screen
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Raymond Gilpin, Africa Chief Economist and Head of the Strategy, Analysis and Research Team, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“This is an unprecedented crisis for the continent, and it’s unprecedented because the continent is facing a trifecta: the ongoing effects of Covid pandemic, the newly felt effects of the Russia-Ukraine war, and thirdly the climate-related challenges and pressures.”
8. Med shot, UN technician
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Raymond Gilpin, Africa Chief Economist and Head of the Strategy, Analysis and Research Team, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“The global inflation has been imported into African economies because Africa is so dependent on imports for food, fuel, medicines, and consumer durables. We are going to see tensions. Whether or not this will spill over into violent protests is unclear. But what history, particularly recent history, has told us is that this is a distinct possibility.”
10. Med shot, cameraman, speakers, podium, press briefing room
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Raymond Gilpin, Africa Chief Economist and Head of the Strategy, Analysis, and Research Team, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“We were hoping to see a bounce back from the poverty challenges that we had experienced during Covid. An estimated 50 million Africans being pushed back into extreme poverty is going to be more difficult for them to climb out of poverty.”
12. Close up, press briefing attendant
13. SOUNDBITE (English) Raymond Gilpin, Africa Chief Economist and Head of the Strategy, Analysis, and Research Team, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP):
“As the cost of fuel becomes more expensive, energy sources, energy prices, don’t fall in African countries, we are going to see millions of households going back to unsustainable energy sources, and this in many fragile environments, in particular looking at places like the Sahel. We are going to see a lot more deforestation and a rollback of a significant progress that had been made in the greening of the Sahel.”
14. Wide shot, press briefing room
15. Medium shot, cameraman
16. Medium shot, journalist

STORYLINE:
According to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), a trifecta of the ongoing effects of the Covid-19 pandemic, the newly felt effects of the Russia-Ukraine war, and the climate-related challenges have severely impacted efforts to sustain peace and reduce poverty and inequality in the African continent.

Speaking at a news briefing at the United Nations in Geneva, Ahunna Eziakonwa, UNDP’s Assistant Administrator and Regional Bureau for Africa Director, said that “we have never experienced greater pressure and challenge on our ability to sustain peace and development on a healthy planet as we experience today. A global pandemic that upended the world and changed it forever. We have seen resulting from that, but also in terms of pre-existing conditions, rising poverty and inequality.”

Emphasizing that global solidarity is needed more than ever, UNDP’s Ahunna Eziakonwa added that “we saw how Covid- 19 complicated the effort to maintain or to overcome the insecurity that’s created by many forces including violent extremism and the impact of this, the consequence, affected live and livelihoods but also creating an immense discontent about the population which is led to a regression in democracy.”

The war in Ukraine affects the African continent's food, fuel, and financing. For Raymond Gilpin, UNDP’s Africa Chief Economist and Head of the Strategy, Analysis, and Research Team, “this is an unprecedented crisis for the continent, and it’s unprecedented because the continent is facing a trifecta: the ongoing effects of Covid pandemic, the newly felt effects of the Russia-Ukraine war and thirdly the climate-related challenges and pressures.”

Some countries in Africa depend on up to 80% of wheat coming from Russia and Ukraine. The rise in prices could create another front of discontent and possibly unrest, warned Gilpin. “The global inflation has been imported into African economies because Africa is so dependent on imports for food, fuel, medicines, and consumer durables. We are going to see tensions. Whether or not this will spill over into violent protests is unclear. But what history, particularly recent history, has told us is that this is a distinct possibility.”

UNDP stressed that particularly in countries with upcoming elections where the electoral environment is already quite emotional could lead to additional social pressure.

As inflation rates are soaring, it is also becoming more difficult for households and companies to enhance property and reduce poverty. “We were hoping to see a bounce back from the poverty challenges that we had experienced during Covid. An estimated 50 million Africans being pushed back into extreme poverty is going to be more difficult for them to climb out of poverty”, said UNDP’s Africa Chief Economist.

UNDP anticipates that about 100 million Africans who could afford sustainable energy before the Covid-19 outbreak will return to unsustainable resources. “As the cost of fuel becomes more expensive, energy sources, energy prices, don’t fall in African countries, we are going to see millions of households going back to unsustainable energy sources, and this in many fragile environments, in particular looking at places like the Sahel,” said Gilpin.

He added that “we are going to see a lot more deforestation and a rollback of a significant progress that had been made in the greening of the Sahel.”
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