UN / GA VETO RESOLUTION

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26-Apr-2022 00:04:14
The UN General Assembly decided on Tuesday to automatically meet within ten days, if the veto is used in the Security Council by one of its five permanent members. UNIFEED

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STORY: UN / GA VETO RESOLUTION
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SOURCE: UNIFEED
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / FRENCH / RUSSIAN / CHINESE / NATS

DATELINE: 26 APRIL 2022, NEW YORK CITY / RECENT

SHOTLIST:

RECENT – NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, exterior, United Nations

26 APRIL 2022, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, General Assembly
3.SOUNDBITE (English) Christian Wenaweser, Permanent Representative of the Principality of Liechtenstein to The United Nations:
“The veto power comes with the responsibility to work for the achievement of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter at all times. We have put this text forward as an expression of our commitment to multilateralism, with this organization and its principal organs at the forefront. There has never been a stronger need for effective multilateralism than today. And there has never been a stronger need for innovation in order to secure the central role and voice of the United Nations in this respect.”
4. Wide shot, General Assembly
5. SOUNDBITE (Chinese) Chinese Representative to the United Nations:
"This Resolution adopted at this meeting gives the General Assembly a new mandate, creating a mechanism that automatically triggers the General Assembly to convene meetings, which in practice is likely to cause procedural confusion and inconsistency. It is difficult to determine at this time whether such an arrangement will serve the intended purpose of the Resolution.”
6. Wide shot, General Assembly
7. SOUNDBITE (Russian) Gennady Kuzmin, Deputy Permanent Representative, Russian Federation:
“The decision which was made today - does have a very pretty packaging - is without any doubt an attempt to create an instrument of exerting pressure on the permanent members of the Security Council. And this is an approach that we categorically reject. The division of powers between the Security Council and the General Assembly is what has allowed our United Nations to function effectively for now more than 75 years. And neither those who advocated broadening the authority of the General Assembly at the expense of the Security Council, nor those who brought into the Security Council the issues which should be considered by the General Assembly, has ever enjoyed our support. And this is opposition of principle.”
8. Wide shot, General Assembly
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Richard Mills, Deputy U.S. Representative to the United Nations:
“Like we have heard from many others in this chamber, we are deeply concerned about the abuse of the right to veto conferred on the P5 members. In particular, we are extraordinarily troubled by Russia's pattern of abusing its veto right over the past decade. It's a long and shameful list.”
10. Wide shot, General Assembly
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Barbara Woodward, Permanent Representative of the United Kingdom to the United Nations:
“This is a heavy responsibility to be used in the interests of securing the peace and security that people around the world seek, and the UN was established to provide. It is not to be used lightly and should not, we believe, be used without accountability. It should not prevent the Council from fulfilling its mandate, which is why we have voted in favor of the resolution today.”
12. Wide shot, General Assembly
13. SOUNDBITE (French) Nathalie Estival-Broadhurst, Deputy French Representative to the United Nations:
“Mr. President, the aggression against Ukraine demonstrates the need to shore up our system of collective security, for instance, fully engaged in the process of reforming the Security Council in order to make it more representative of the present day world, while safeguarding its executive and operational nature. These developments should be fully in line with the core values of the United Nations that were vested by the charter and the responsibilities vested by the Charter in each body. In this regard, the General Assembly cannot become a judge of the Security Council, or its members. Members, be it elected or permanent members.”
14. Wide shot, General Assembly

STORYLINE:

The UN General Assembly decided on Tuesday (26 Apr) to automatically meet within ten days, if the veto is used in the Security Council by one of its five permanent members.

China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States have the power to veto Security Council resolutions, enshrined in the UN Charter – a right accorded to them because of their key roles in establishing the United Nations.

Following the resolution adopted by consensus, any such use will now trigger a General Assembly meeting, where all UN members can scrutinize and comment on the veto.

The resolution comes in the wake of Russia’s use of the veto in the Council, the day after it invaded Ukraine, calling for its unconditional withdrawal from the country.

On behalf of 83 cosponsors, Liechtenstein’s UN Ambassador, Christian Wenaweser, introduced the draft entitled Standing mandate for a General Assembly debate when a veto is cast in the Security Council, adopted without a vote.

He said, “the veto power comes with the responsibility to work for the achievement of the purposes and principles of the UN Charter at all times. We have put this text forward as an expression of our commitment to multilateralism, with this organization and its principal organs at the forefront.”

He continued, “there has never been a stronger need for effective multilateralism than today. And there has never been a stronger need for innovation in order to secure the central role and voice of the United Nations in this respect.”

The resolution, which will take immediate effect, accords on an exceptional basis, precedence to the veto-casting States in the speakers list, of the subsequent General Assembly debate, thereby inviting them to account for the circumstances behind the use of the veto.

Chinese Representative to the United Nations also spoke to the General Assembly. She said, “this Resolution adopted at this meeting gives the General Assembly a new mandate, creating a mechanism that automatically triggers the General Assembly to convene meetings, which in practice is likely to cause procedural confusion and inconsistency. It is difficult to determine at this time whether such an arrangement will serve the intended purpose of the Resolution.”

Russian Representative to the United Nations told the General Assembly that “the decision which was made today - does have a very pretty packaging - is without any doubt an attempt to create an instrument of exerting pressure on the permanent members of the Security Council.”

He continued, “this is an approach that we categorically reject,” adding that “the division of powers between the Security Council and the General Assembly is what has allowed our United Nations to function effectively for now more than 75 years. And neither those who advocated broadening the authority of the General Assembly at the expense of the Security Council, nor those who brought into the Security Council the issues which should be considered by the General Assembly, has ever enjoyed our support. And this is opposition of principle.”

US Ambassador Richard Mills also spoke to the General Assembly. He said, “like we have heard from many others in this chamber, we are deeply concerned about the abuse of the right to veto conferred on the P5 members. In particular, we are extraordinarily troubled by Russia's pattern of abusing its veto right over the past decade. It's a long and shameful list.”

British Ambassador Barbara Woodward said, “this is a heavy responsibility to be used in the interests of securing the peace and security that people around the world seek, and the UN was established to provide. It is not to be used lightly and should not, we believe, be used without accountability. It should not prevent the Council from fulfilling its mandate, which is why we have voted in favor of the resolution today.”

French Representative to the United Nations, whose country also holds the veto power said, “the aggression against Ukraine demonstrates the need to shore up our system of collective security, for instance, fully engaged in the process of reforming the Security Council in order to make it more representative of the present day world, while safeguarding its executive and operational nature.”

She continued, “these developments should be fully in line with the core values of the United Nations that were vested by the charter and the responsibilities vested by the Charter in each body.”

She said, “in this regard, the General Assembly cannot become a judge of the Security Council, or its members. Members, be it elected or permanent members.”
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