SOMALIA / DROUGHT

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14-Apr-2022 00:07:28
Located in the southern Federal Member State of Jubaland, Dollow has been hard hit by Somalia’s current wave of drought. The UN has been working with district authorities and humanitarian partners to help those in need. UNSOM

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STORY: SOMALIA / DROUGHT
TRT: 7:28
SOURCE: UNSOM
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNSOM ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / SOMALI / NATS
DATELINE: 13 APRIL 2022, DOLLOW, SOMALIA

SHOTLIST:

1. Wide shot, an aerial view of Dollow town, in the Federal Member State of Jubaland in south-western Somalia.
2. Med shot, a delegation led by the UN Secretary-General’s Deputy Special Representative and UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Adam Abdemoula, arriving in Dollow, Somalia.
3. Wide shot, the delegation arriving.
4. Med shot, the delegation received by UN staff.
5. Wide shot, the delegation meets with residents of the Kaxareey IDP camp.
6. Med shot, the delegation members listen during a meeting with residents of the Kaxareey IDP.
7. Med shot, camp residents listen during a meeting with the UN delegation at the Kaxareey IDP camp.
8. SOUNDBITE (Somali) Seynab Fiddle Cirowe, Internally Displaced Person:
“I'm 95 years old and I have never seen such drought. Animals died, people now… we seriously need support and people who can help us. We don’t even have something to cook for our families; we have almost nothing.”
9. Med shot, Abdelmoula speaks with Seynab Fiddle Cirowe during his visit at the Kazareey IDP camp.
10. Wide shot, rid land in Dollow, Somalia.
11. Med shot, Abdelmoula arrives at the Kaxarey IDP camp.
12. Med shot, the delegation arrives at the Kaxareey IDP camp.
13. Wide shot, the delegation at the Kaxareey IDP camp.
14. Med shot, the delegation walk around at the Kaxareey IDP camp.
15. Med shot, the Kaxareey IDP camp.
16. Wide shot, the Kaxareey IDP camp.
17. SOUNDBITE (English) Dam Abdelmoula, Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia:
“It is part of our effort to bring this to the world’s attention – these people are looking at the threat of famine in the face....without resources we cannot scale up, we cannot help these people. I saw malnourished children who are struggling for breath, whose mothers are equally malnourished.”
18. Med shot, newly-arrived displaced people at the Kaxareey IDP camp.
19. Wide shot, women and children at the Kaxareey IDP camp during the visit.
20. SOUNDBITE (English) Adam Abdelmoula, Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia:
“The resources are not anywhere near enough. Everywhere you go, look at these people behind me – all of them are new arrivals – 400 families arrived in the past two weeks alone in this single IDP camp, and there are many around Dollow.”
21. Wide shot, UNICEF’s Acting Representative Angela Kearney speaks during a meeting with the District Commissioner, community leaders, elders and a women's group in Dollow.
22. Med shot, the UN Deputy Special Representative, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Adam Abdelmoula, speaking at the meeting.
23. Close up, the UN Deputy Special Representative, UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Adam Abdelmoula, speaking at the meeting.
24. Wide shot, the meeting.
25. Med shot, the UN delegation at the meeting.
26. Med shot, local elders at the meeting.
27. Wide shot, in central Dollow town, the Juba River depleted by drought.
28. Wide shot, UNICEF’s Acting Representative Angela Kearney speaks during a meeting with the District Commissioner, community leaders, elders and a women's group in Dollow.
29. Close up, UNICEF’s Acting Representative Angela Kearney speaks during a meeting with the District Commissioner, community leaders, elders and a women's group in Dollow.
30. Med shot, WFP Representative and Country Director El-Khidir Daloum Mahmoud Ahmed speaks during a meeting with the District Commissioner, community leaders, elders and a women's group in Dollow.
31. Wide shot, the UN delegation in a meeting with the District Commissioner, community leaders, elders and women's group in Dollow.
32. Wide shot, convoy of visiting UN delegation arriving at health clinic in Dollow.
33. Med shot, Signage of the Dollow referral health centre.
34. Wide shot, the UN delegation inside the health clinic.
35. Close up, a malnourished child in the clinic.
36. Med shot, the UN delegation interacting with patients and their caregivers at the clinic.
37. Close up, a premature malnourished child at the clinic.
38. Wide shot, a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
39. Wide shot, Abdelmoula listens to a caregiver at the clinic.
40. Close up, a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
41. Med shot, UNICEF’s Acting Representative Angela Kearney interacts with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
42. Med shot, Abdelmoula and Kearney interact with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
43. SOUNDBITE (English) Angela Kearney, Acting Representative, Un Children’s Fund (UNICEF):
“Funding is everything – we have the expertise, we have the people, we have the communities to do it for themselves, but what they need are the supplies, so the money is for the supplies. You need Plumpy Nut [a peanut-based paste for the treatment of severe malnutrition], you need the chlorine tablets, you need to truck the water, you need all of those things. We need recreation kits for children; they need to play; they need to have a childhood.”
44. Med shot, Abdelmoula and Kearney interact with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
45. Med shot, the Deputy Representative of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Peter Ekayu, listens as Ms. Kearney interacts with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
46. Wide shot, mothers and their children at the clinic.
47. Wide shot, Abdelmoula speaks to a health worker and caregiver at the clinic.
48. Med shot, Abdelmoula interacting with patients and their caregivers at the clinic.
49. Wide shot, Abdelmoula interacting with patients and their caregivers at the clinic.
50. Close up, a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
51. Med shot, Kearney interacts with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
52. Med shot, Abdelmoula and Kearney interacts with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
53. Wide shot, a nurse takes MUAC measurements of a severely malnourished child at the clinic.
54. Close up, a nurse takes MUAC measurements of a severely malnourished child at the clinic.
55. Med shot, Kearney speaks about the Plumpy Nut food item [a peanut-based paste for the treatment of severe malnutrition] in the company of Mr. Abdelmoula at the clinic.
56. Med shot, Abdelmoula and Kearney interacts with a mother and her malnourished child at the clinic.
57. SOUNDBITE (English) El-Khidir Daloum, Representative and Country Director, World Food Programme (WFP):
“I know that the world is very much occupied by Ukraine, but human suffering is human suffering, no matter whether in Europe or Asia or Africa. And here we have to live up to our moral values, and [according to] our moral values, humanity matters.”
58. Med shot, women and children at the Kaxareey IDP camp during the visit.
59. SOUNDBITE (English) El-Khidir Daloum, Representative and Country Director, World Food Programme (WFP):
“If we are not responding now and we are not increasing our response, those people will be heading to famine. And that is not acceptable.”
60. Wide shot, the UN delegation arrives at the at the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
61. Wide shot, the UN delegation interacts with students at the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
62. Med shot, the UN delegation interacts with students at the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
63. Med shot, the UN delegation interacts with students at the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
64. Med shot, Abdelmoula and others interact with students at the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
65. Wide shot, the Juba Primary School at the Kabasa IDP camp.
66. Wide shot, a family stands outside their makeshift home in the Kaxareey IDP camp during the visit.
67. SOUNDBITE (English) Peter Ekayu, Deputy Head of the UN Office For The Coordination Of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA):
“We cannot really emphasize the fact that the drought situation is getting worse – we are actually moving from a drought response now into a prevention of famine. So it is getting more intense, it is getting more severe, and it is getting more acute. And all of the indicators are that this situation will get more severe because we are expecting probably a fourth failed rainy season.”
68. Wide shot, children stand outside a makeshift house in the Kaxareey IDP camp during the visit.
69. Med shot, children stand outside a makeshift house in the Kaxareey IDP camp during the visit.

STORYLINE:

“I'm 95 years old and I have never seen such drought. Animals died, people now… we seriously need support and people who can help us. We don’t even have something to cook for our families; we have almost nothing,” says Seynab Fiddle Cirowe, a grandmother residing in a camp for internally displaced people (IDPs) outside the town of Dollow, in Somalia’s south-west.

Her words, and the emotion they carry, are not lost on a group of veteran senior United Nations officials listening to her under a tree. They have come to Dollow to assess the humanitarian situation there and highlight the dire state in which millions of Somalis find themselves.

“It is part of our effort to bring this to the world’s attention – these people are looking at the threat of famine in the face… without resources we cannot scale up, we cannot help these people. I saw malnourished children who are struggling for breath, whose mothers are equally malnourished,” said the Humanitarian Coordinator for Somalia, Adam Abdelmoula, after speaking with Cirowe.

Located in the southern Federal Member State of Jubaland, Dollow has been hard hit by Somalia’s current wave of drought. Three IDP camps have sprung up since November 2021 alone due to an influx of newly-arrived IDPs.

The UN has been working with district authorities and humanitarian partners to help those in need. The local response has been scaled up to target 180,000 people, primarily through cash transfers totaling around $1.6 million, and with the provision of 108,000 metric tons of food rations.

Grim outlook

The outlook remains grim, with more people being displaced and seeking aid in regional centres such as Dollow.

“The resources are not anywhere near enough. Everywhere you go, look at these people behind me – all of them are new arrivals – 400 families arrived in the past two weeks alone in this single IDP camp, and there are many around Dollow,” said Abdelmoula, who also serves as the UN Secretary-General’s Deputy Special Representative to Somalia and UN Resident Coordinator.

Abdelmoula was in Dollow, located on Somalia’s border with Ethiopia, with top officials from the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the UN World Food Programme (WFP) and the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

While on the ground, they met the local district commissioner and members of Dollow’s drought committee. They later visited a local clinic run by Trocaire, a non-governmental organization, as well as a school for young IDPs. They also visited the Kaxareey IDP camp – home to some thousands of IDPs – and met with its community leaders, as well as Ms. Cirowe.

The humanitarian situation around Dollow is an example of how severe the impact of the drought has been. Somalia is facing the risk of famine as a combination of poor rainfall, skyrocketing food prices and huge funding shortfalls leaves almost 40 per cent of Somalis – around six million people – facing critical levels of food insecurity.

Despite limited resources, UN humanitarian agencies and partners have been hard at work. Collectively, they reached almost two million people with humanitarian assistance as of February 2022. But unless more donor funding is received, assistance cannot be maintained nor scaled up to meet growing needs.

Underfunded response

Somalia’s Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for 2022 was launched late last year. It seeks close to $1.5 billion to cover the estimated costs of providing support for Somalis in need – but, so far, only 4.4 per cent of that amount has been received.

“Funding is everything – we have the expertise, we have people, we have the communities who will work with us, but what's need are the supplies, and in some locations additional staff and partners,” said UNICEF’S Representative a.i., Angela Kearney.

“You need Plumpy Nut [a peanut-based paste for the treatment of severe malnutrition], you need the chlorine tablets, you need to truck the water, you need all of those things,” Kearney continued. “We need recreation kits for children; they need to play; they need to have a childhood. Once there is funding, UNICEF, the Government and our partners can do so much more.”

Children under five are among the most vulnerable as the drought worsens, and access to food and milk is very scarce due to rising commodity prices and livestock losses. Around 1.4 million children face acute malnutrition through the end of this year, with around a quarter of them, or 330,000 children, facing severe acute malnutrition.

Ukraine impact

The war in Ukraine is having an impact on the situation in Somalia. Previously, up to 85 per cent of Somalia’s wheat imports came from Russia and Ukraine; that has stopped, leading to price increases of 160 per cent in just one month.

The conflict there, as well as other crises in Ethiopia’s Tigray region, Yemen and Afghanistan, has also drawn away attention.

“I know that the world is very much occupied by Ukraine, but human suffering is human suffering, no matter whether in Europe or Asia or Africa. And here we have to live up to our moral values, and [according to] our moral values, humanity matters – if we are not responding now and we are not increasing our response, those people will be heading to famine. And that is not acceptable,” said WFP’s Representative and Country Director, El-Khidir Daloum.

Geneva meeting

The United Nations plans to hold a high-level meeting in Geneva later this month to bring together international donors on the issue of more support for Somalia’s humanitarian needs.

“We cannot really emphasize the fact that the drought situation is getting worse – we are actually moving from a drought response now into a prevention of famine,” said OCHA’s Deputy Head of Office, Peter Ekayu.
“So it is getting more intense, it is getting more severe, is getting more acute,” he added. “And all of the indicators are that this situation will get more severe because we are expecting probably a fourth failed rainy season.”

Weather forecasts are predicting an average to below-average rainy season for Somalia. More than 80 per cent of the country has remained generally dry, and water and staple food prices have experienced dramatic price hikes.

In addition, current levels of food and water assistance are quickly being outpaced by the rapid increase in the size of the food insecure population, widening of household food consumption gaps, loss of livelihood assets, and worsening acute malnutrition levels.

If the funding gap is not urgently addressed, it will contribute to worse outcomes with a real risk of widespread famine. The last time such a humanitarian tragedy struck Somalia was in 2011, when famine conditions killed a quarter of a million people.
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