WHO / HEALTH EMERGENCIES UKRAINE TIGRAY

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23-Mar-2022 00:06:31
Speaking to reporters in Geneva on the situation in Ukraine, WHO Director-General Tedros Ghebreyesus said the disruption to services and supplies in the country “is posing an extreme risk to people with cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, HIV and TB, which are among the country’s leading causes of mortality. Displacement, poor shelter, and overcrowded living conditions caused by the conflict are also increasing the risk of diseases such as measles, pneumonia and polio, as well as COVID-19." WHO

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STORY: WHO / HEALTH EMERGENCIES UKRAINE TIGRAY
TRT: 6:34
SOURCE: WHO
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 23 MARCH 2022, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

SHOTLIST:

1. Wide shot, press briefing room
2. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General:
“It’s now one month since the Russian Federation invasion of Ukraine began. Almost 10 million people, nearly a quarter of Ukraine’s population, have now been forcibly displaced. The humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate in many parts of the country, and is critical in the Mariupol and Bucha districts. The disruption to services and supplies throughout Ukraine is posing an extreme risk to people with cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, HIV and TB, which are among the country’s leading causes of mortality. Displacement, poor shelter, and overcrowded living conditions caused by the conflict are also increasing the risk of diseases such as measles, pneumonia and polio, as well as COVID-19. "
3. Wide shot, press briefing room
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General:
“So far, WHO has delivered about 150 metric tonnes of medical supplies. We have established supply lines from our warehouse in Lviv to many cities in Ukraine, but access to many parts of the country remains blocked. A humanitarian convoy to Mariupol was not able to be dispatched due to insecurity. We continue facing serious cash-flow constraints in our ability to deliver life-saving support. So far, WHO has received just 9.6 million US dollars against our appeal for 57.5 million dollars over the next three months.”
5. Wide shot, press briefing room
6. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General:
“WHO has now verified 64 attacks on health care since the start of the war, and we are in the process of verifying further attacks. Attacks on health must stop. Health systems, facilities and health workers are not – and should never be – a target. "
7. Wide shot, press briefing room
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General:
“We also have concerns around the integrity and safe operation of nuclear and chemical facilities. WHO is working with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and we continue to call on all sides to minimise the risk of a nuclear or chemical accident, which could have catastrophic consequences for human health. We continue to call on the Russian Federation to stop the war.”
9. Wide shot, press briefing room
10. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Ryan EXD, WHO Health Emergencies Programme:
“There are 6.5 million internally displaced people inside Ukraine and our colleagues at the International Organisation of Migration have looked at those individuals and looked at those households. And the reading, it makes stark reading when you look at the vulnerability of people who are internally displaced: 27 per cent of those households, nearly a third have an infant under five, 56 per cent have a person over 60 years old, 32 per cent of those households have a chronically ill person, 10 per cent of those households have a pregnant woman, and 19.5 per cent of those households have a disabled person. So, I'm not even getting to the issues of the mental health and the trauma that those people have suffered. So, there's an incredibly complex problem inside Ukraine as well and very, very complex needs.”
11. Wide shot, press briefing room
12. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Ryan EXD, WHO Health Emergencies Programme:
“And there are a further 12 million people estimated to be in the zones of conflict and unable to move right now. So, we are talking, when you look at that across a population of 44 million were half the population of Ukraine has either left the country, has been displaced within the country or is in the direct conflict zone. That's an incredible, shameful statistic, four weeks into this invasion. "
13. Wide shot, press briefing room
14. SOUNDBITE (English) Mike Ryan EXD, WHO Health Emergencies Programme:
“The problems we face so far collectively and with great credit to the surrounding countries are really the tip of an iceberg of need. And there's going to have to be a further massive scaling up of assistance within Ukraine in the coming weeks, because I have never myself seen such complex needs so quickly in a crisis that has developed so fast. "
15. Wide shot, press briefing room
16. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General:
“Last week, I spoke about the humanitarian disaster in Tigray, and that WHO was still waiting for permission to send an additional 95 metric tonnes of medical supplies. Since then, permission has been granted. If we can deliver these supplies safely, they will help people in desperate need, but much more is needed. So far, only 4 per cent of the needs for health supplies have been delivered to Tigray. That is insignificant. The region has been under siege for almost 500 days, with dire shortages of fuel and food. People are starving to death. Actually, giving them food is more important than medicine. We continue to call on Ethiopia and Eritrean governments to end the blockade.”
17. Wide shot, press briefing

STORYLINE:

WHO’s Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that the disruption to health services and supplies throughout Ukraine is “posing an extreme risk to people with cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes, HIV and TB, which are among the country’s leading causes of mortality.”

Speaking to reporters today (23 Mar) in Geneva, Tedros said, “displacement, poor shelter, and overcrowded living conditions caused by the conflict are also increasing the risk of diseases such as measles, pneumonia and polio, as well as COVID-19. "

He said, “So far, WHO has delivered about 150 metric tonnes of medical supplies. We have established supply lines from our warehouse in Lviv to many cities in Ukraine, but access to many parts of the country remains blocked.”
The WHO chief also said, “a humanitarian convoy to Mariupol was not able to be dispatched due to insecurity,” adding that “we continue facing serious cash-flow constraints in our ability to deliver life-saving support. So far, WHO has received just 9.6 million US dollars against our appeal for 57.5 million dollars over the next three months.”

Tedros also said, “WHO has now verified 64 attacks on health care since the start of the war, and we are in the process of verifying further attacks. Attacks on health must stop. Health systems, facilities and health workers are not – and should never be – a target. "

The WHO chief also expressed concerns “around the integrity and safe operation of nuclear and chemical facilities. WHO is working with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), and we continue to call on all sides to minimise the risk of a nuclear or chemical accident, which could have catastrophic consequences for human health. We continue to call on the Russian Federation to stop the war.”

WHO’s Mike Ryan also briefed the reporters. He said, “there are 6.5 million internally displaced people inside Ukraine and our colleagues at the International Organisation of Migration have looked at those individuals and looked at those households.”

Ryan elaborated, “the reading, it makes stark reading when you look at the vulnerability of people who are internally displaced: 27 per cent of those households, nearly a third have an infant under five, 56 per cent have a person over 60 years old, 32 per cent of those households have a chronically ill person, 10 per cent of those households have a pregnant woman, and 19.5 per cent of those households have a disabled person. “

He continued, “I'm not even getting to the issues of the mental health and the trauma that those people have suffered. So, there's an incredibly complex problem inside Ukraine as well and very, very complex needs.”

He also said, “there are a further 12 million people estimated to be in the zones of conflict and unable to move right now. So, we are talking, when you look at that across a population of 44 million were half the population of Ukraine has either left the country, has been displaced within the country or is in the direct conflict zone.”

He reiterated, “that's an incredible, shameful statistic, four weeks into this invasion. "

Ryan also said, “the problems we face so far collectively and with great credit to the surrounding countries are really the tip of an iceberg of need. And there's going to have to be a further massive scaling up of assistance within Ukraine in the coming weeks, because I have never myself seen such complex needs so quickly in a crisis that has developed so fast. "

On Tigray, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, “last week, I spoke about the humanitarian disaster in Tigray, and that WHO was still waiting for permission to send an additional 95 metric tonnes of medical supplies. Since then, permission has been granted. If we can deliver these supplies safely, they will help people in desperate need, but much more is needed.”

He continues, “so far, only 4 per cent of the needs for health supplies have been delivered to Tigray. That is insignificant. The region has been under siege for almost 500 days, with dire shortages of fuel and food. People are starving to death. Actually, giving them food is more important than medicine. We continue to call on Ethiopia and Eritrean governments to end the blockade.”
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