UN / BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

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03-Nov-2021 00:04:10
Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution drafted by France to renew the mandate of the EU-led multinational stabilization force EUFOR-ALTHEA, operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina, for another year. UNIFEED

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STORY: UN / BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
TRT: 4:10
SOURCE: UNIFEED
RESTRICTIONS: NONE
LANGUAGE: FRENCH /ENGLISH /RUSSIAN /SPANISH /NATS

DATELINE: 3 NOVEMBER 2021, NEW YORK CITY

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1.Exterior shot, UN Headquarters

3 NOVEMBER 2021, NEW YORK CITY

2.Wide shot, Security Council
3.UPSOUND (Spanish) Juan Ramón de la Fuente Ramírez, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations and President of Security Council:
“Those who are in favor, please raise your hands.”
4.Zoom out, Council voting
5.UPSOUND (Spanish) Juan Ramón de la Fuente Ramírez, Permanent Representative of Mexico to the United Nations and President of Security Council:
“The result of voting is as follows: the draft resolution received 15 votes in favor.”
6.Wide shot, Security Council
7.SOUNDBITE (French) Nicolas de Rivière, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations:
“The European path of Bosnia and Herzegovina includes the implementation of an ambitious agenda of reforms, benefiting all of the country, such as establishing effective democratic institutions, particularly with regard to justice, the fight against corruption and organized crime in accordance with the highest of European standards. We call upon the political leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina to overcome their divisions and to work in the interests of all their people in order to meet these goals.”
8.Cutaway, delegates
9.SOUNDBITE (French) Nicolas de Rivière, Permanent Representative of France to the United Nations:
“France condemns all forms of challenging of the territorial integrity and the existence of Bosnia Herzegovina as a state. We also deeply regret the decision of certain political representatives to block the operation of the central state institutions and we call upon leaders to work within the framework of the institutions of the country. France reaffirms its unfailing support to the unity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, within the framework established by the Dayton-Paris accord.”
10.Wide shot, Security Council
11.SOUNDBITE (Russian) Vasily Nebenzya, Permanent Representative of Russia to the United Nations:
“If anyone still has doubts about the fact that the Office of the High Representative has stopped being an instrument for the purpose of national reconciliation, then this disseminated document removes those doubts. It is quite obvious the office of the High Representative has become a source of huge problems, which are threatening the whole Dayton’s construction for Bosnia and Herzegovina. I would like to ask my colleagues who are pushing the illegitimate schemes of keeping the Office of the High Representative and its dictatorial functions, what is it that you're trying to do? Why are you trying to bury the fragile peace in a country which is at the very heart of Europe, and how do your actions correlate with the principles of democracy and independence, which you are so eagerly pushing forward in other situations? Where do these double standards as regards to Bosnia and Herzegovina come from?”
12.Cutaway, delegates
13.SOUNDBITE (English) Linda Thomas-Greenfield, Permanent Representative of US to the United Nations:
“We must protect the role of the High Representative. That office serves as the foundation of stability for the country. High Representative Schmidt has our utmost support as the final authority charged with implementing the civilian aspects of the Dayton Accord. That will remain the case until the five plus two agenda is met. Only then, can the Office of the High Representative close and only then can Bosnia and Herzegovina graduate from international supervision.”
14.Cutaway, delegates
15.SOUNDBITE (English) Sven Alkalaj, Permanent Representative of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the United Nations:
“Currently, Bosnia and Herzegovina faces the greatest existential threat of the postwar period. Persistent grave challenges to the fundamental general framework agreement for peace by the Republika Srpska entity authorities led by the biggest RS party, the Alliance of Independent Social-Democrats, SNSD, headed by a BiH Presidency member Milorad Dodik endangers not only the peace and stability of the country and the region, but if left unanswered by the international community, it could lead to undoing of the agreement itself.”
16.Wide shot, Security Council

STORYLINE:

Security Council unanimously adopted a resolution drafted by France to renew the mandate of the EU-led multinational stabilization force EUFOR-ALTHEA, operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina, for another year.

Following the adoption of the resolution on Wednesday (3 Nov), the French ambassador Nicolas de Rivière, said “the European path of Bosnia and Herzegovina includes the implementation of an ambitious agenda of reforms, benefiting all of the country, such as establishing effective democratic institutions, particularly with regard to justice, the fight against corruption and organized crime in accordance with the highest of European standards.”

The ambassador called on “the political leaders in Bosnia and Herzegovina to overcome their divisions and to work in the interests of all their people in order to meet these goals.”

De Rivière also said “France condemns all forms of challenging of the territorial integrity and the existence of Bosnia Herzegovina as a state. We also deeply regret the decision of certain political representatives to block the operation of the central state institutions and we call upon leaders to work within the framework of the institutions of the country. France reaffirms its unfailing support to the unity of Bosnia and Herzegovina, within the framework established by the Dayton-Paris accord.”

The meeting of the Council centered on the role of the High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Russian Federation had previously objected the appointment of Christian Schmidt in that role and during the meeting, ambassador Nebenzya, the Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN also rejected the report that Schmidt has submitted to the Council on the situation in the country.

“If anyone still has doubts about the fact that the Office of the High Representative has stopped being an instrument for the purpose of national reconciliation, then this disseminated document removes those doubts,” Nebenzya said. “It is quite obvious the office of the High Representative has become a source of huge problems, which are threatening the whole Dayton’s construction for Bosnia and Herzegovina.”

Nebenzya also said “I would like to ask my colleagues who are pushing the illegitimate schemes of keeping the Office of the High Representative and its dictatorial functions, what is it that you're trying to do? Why are you trying to bury the fragile peace in a country which is at the very heart of Europe, and how do your actions correlate with the principles of democracy and independence, which you are so eagerly pushing forward in other situations? Where do these double standards as regards to Bosnia and Herzegovina come from?”

The US ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield countered the Russian objections.

“We must protect the role of the High Representative,” Thomas-Greenfield said. “That office serves as the foundation of stability for the country. High Representative Schmidt has our utmost support as the final authority charged with implementing the civilian aspects of the Dayton Accord. That will remain the case until the five plus two agenda is met. Only then, can the Office of the High Representative close and only then can Bosnia and Herzegovina graduate from international supervision.”

The US ambassador joined the majority of the Council's members in expressing concerns over the rhetoric coming recently from the Republika Srpska (RS) leadership, calling it a serious threat to Dayton Peace Agreement, the concerns reportedly also expressed in Schmidt’s report, condemning the RS unilateral withdrawal from joint defense, tax, judicial and military institutions.

“Currently, Bosnia and Herzegovina faces the greatest existential threat of the postwar period,” said the Bosnian ambassador Sven Alkalaj. “Persistent grave challenges to the fundamental general framework agreement for peace by the Republika Srpska entity authorities led by the biggest RS party, the Alliance of Independent Social-Democrats, SNSD, headed by a BiH Presidency member Milorad Dodik endangers not only the peace and stability of the country and the region, but if left unanswered by the international community, it could lead to undoing of the agreement itself.”

The tensions between the two entities of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska and Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina escalated following the 23 July decree by then-High Representative Valentin Inzko to criminalize the public denying of Srebrenica genocide.

Bosnian Serb politicians condemned the decree and moved to boycott the central government institutions and obstruct the proceedings of the national parliament. On 8 October, Milorad Dodik announced that the RS would withdraw from key joint institutions, including the judiciary system, the taxation authority, and the armed forces.
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