MADAGASCAR / FAMINE FEARS

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12-May-2021 00:02:32
Severe hunger hits southern Madagascar as communities witness an almost total disappearance of food sources, creating a full-blown nutrition emergency and quadrupling the number of children admitted for treatment for severe acute malnutrition. WFP

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STORY: MADAGASCAR / FAMINE FEARS
TRT: 2:32
SOURCE: WFP /ARTE
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT WFP AND ARTE FOR THEIR FOOTAGE ON SCREEN
LANGUAGE: ENGLISH /NATS

DATELINE: 25-29 FEBRUARY 2021, SOUTHERN MADAGASCAR /FILE

SHOTLIST:

ARTE - 25 FEBRUARY 2021, FORT-DAUPHIN, ANÒSY REGION, MADAGASCAR

1.Various shots, displaced people waiting for WFP food

WFP - 6 DECEMBER 2020, AMPAIPAIKE, AMBOVOMBE DISTRICT, MADAGASCAR

2.Aerial shot, drought scourged land
3.Wide shot, dying tree in arid landscape

ARTE – 29 FEBRUARY 2021, ANDRANOBE, AMBOASARY DISTRICT, MADAGASCAR

4.Tracking shot, WFP staff takes a photo of locusts being dried in the sun for food

ARTE – 1 MARCH 2021, TRANOMARO, AMBOASARY DISTRICT, MADAGASCAR

5.Various shots, severely malnourished child at Tranomaro Health Centre.

ARTE – 29 FEBRUARY 2021, ANDRANOBE, AMBOASARY DISTRICT, MADAGASCAR

6.Various shots, WFP staff testing children for malnutrition with MUACS test. Red means Severe Acute Malnutrition and means the child should be hospitalized.

WFP – 30 APRIL 2021, ANTANANARIVO, MADAGASCAR

7.SOUNDBITE (English) Amer Daoudi, WFP Director of Operations, Madagascar:
“The malnutrition rates on average have gone, over the past 3 months, from 8 to 16 percent on average in all the districts but in some districts it has gone up to 27 percent. This is alarming, this is life-threatening and whichever way you look at, this is starvation happening before our eyes. We cannot allow this to continue, we need to do everything that we can to do that. WFP stands ready and is assisting people with the current available resources we have, which will run out in the next 2 months. We need donations now in order to be able to meet the needs over the next few months.”

ARTE – 29 FEBRUARY 2021, ANDRANOBE, AMBOASARY DISTRICT, MADAGASCAR

8.Various shots, women preparing hot meals with special fortified cereal provided by WFP
9.Various shots, children eating WFP provided cereal.

STORYLINE:

Severe hunger hits southern Madagascar as communities witness an almost total disappearance of food sources, creating a full-blown nutrition emergency. People have resorted to desperate survival measures such as eating locusts, raw red cactus fruits or wild leaves. For the first time ever, pockets of the highest Acute Food Insecurity levels - IPC phase 5 or "Catastrophe' have been recorded signaling deepening hunger.

Seeking to escape the consequences of food insecurity induced by consecutive years of drought, infertile land, insecurity, and the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic, people are leaving their villages to reach urban centers. 3,000 of them have walked dozens of kilometers to reach Fort-Dauphin where nuns run a center that serves food supplied by WFP once a day.

At least 1.14 million people in the Grand Sud need emergency food and nutrition assistance and have been suffering from hunger since the start of the lean season last September. In Amboasary Atsimo, about 14,000 people are estimated to be in IPC Phase 5 (Catastrophe). (IPC May 2021). This number is expected to double over the next lean season.

Unexpected sandstorms have buried croplands and pastures, undermining any possibility of securing a source of food. Vast swathes of arable land have been transformed into wasteland.

The lives of children are at stake as the nutrition situation among under-fives deteriorates to alarming levels. Most of the southern districts are in a nutrition emergency as acute malnutrition has almost doubled over the last 4 months, from 9 to 16 percent. The number of children admitted for treatment for severe acute malnutrition in the Grand Sud in first quarter of 2021 was quadruple the five-year average according to the Ministry of Health Survey from March 2021.

Children with acute malnutrition are four times more likely to die than healthy children.

Food security and nutrition in southern Madagascar have been at alarming levels since the start of the annual hunger season in October 2020. Now the situation is expected to worsen further, putting millions of lives at risk.

Consecutive years of drought have wiped out harvests, hampering people's access to food. At the start of the 2020 lean season families had already depleted their food supplies and eaten their vital seed stocks, leaving nothing for the November/December 2020 planting season.

Poor rains during the planting season signal another failed harvest this year, likely to result in a more severe lean season from October 2021 to March 2022.

Food production in 2021 is expected to be less than 50 percent of the last five-year average, another bitter blow for families on the brink of survival, according to WFP..

WFP urgently needs USD 74 million over the next six months to provide life-saving food to those most vulnerable in southern Madagascar.
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WFP
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unifeed210512a
Asset ID
2618652