WHO / VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

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09-Mar-2021 00:04:15
Briefing journalists about the new report on violence against women, WHO chief, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, “The results paint a horrifying picture. An estimated 736 million women, almost one in three women globally have suffered intimate partner violence, sexual violence from a non -partner or both at least once in their lives.” WHO

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STORY: WHO / VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
TRT: 4:15
SOURCE: WHO
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 09 MARCH 2021, GENEVA, SWITZERLAND

SHOTLIST:

1.Wide shot, press briefing room
2.SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General, WHO:
“Today WHO is launching a new report that represents the largest study ever conducted on the prevalence of violence against women. I would like to thank UN Women for their partnership through our joint program to improve data globally on violence against women. And I would also like to thank the United Kingdom for the funding it provides for this work. The report includes data from 158 countries on intimate partner violence and sexual violence by a non-partner for women and girls aged 15 years and older. The results paint a horrifying picture. An estimated 736 million women, almost one in three women globally have suffered intimate partner violence, sexual violence from a non -partner or both at least once in their lives. And almost one in four adolescent girls in a partnership have experienced physical and or sexual violence from a partner or husband before their 19th birthday.
3.Wide shot, press briefing room
4. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General, WHO:
“This is an old problem, but we can change it. We know what works. We can prevent violence with legal tools by reforming discriminatory laws. We can prevent it with economic tools, by strengthening women's economic rights and wages. We can prevent it with educational tools through school programs that challenge gender stereotypes, promote healthy relationships and provide comprehensive sexuality education, we can prevent it with social tools by challenging social norms that support harmful views of masculinity and condone violence against women. And we can use clinical tools to provide quality care and support for women affected by violence. But the most powerful tool we have is ourselves. All of us can make a difference. Women and men, we can all speak up to say the violence against women is never acceptable.”
5.Wide shot, press briefing room
6.SOUNDBITE (English) Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, UN Women Executive Director:
“We have a hundred and fifty-five countries who have now passed laws that are related to domestic violence. We continue to push ahead with that work. It's part of the work that we do in UN Women supporting it, member states who are passing these laws, a 140 have legislation also on sexual harassment in the workplace. But of course, the challenge of enforcement still remains, and that is where we can all also play a role in supporting the enforcement.”
7. Wide shot, press briefing room
8. SOUNDBITE (English) Dr Claudia García-Moreno, Unit Head, World Health Organization (WHO):
“The issue of changing social norms around masculinity. The issue of changing the norms around the acceptability of violence, we think is very critical. And as we said earlier, we have a broader range of interventions, from community mobilization interventions to group participatory education to school-based programs challenging gender stereotypes that are addressing this. But that needs to be also coupled with laws and policies that do not perpetuate discrimination and not just laws on violence against women, but laws around inheritance or property rights, laws around divorce or child custody. A lot of laws that that impact women's ability to leave an abusive relationship, as well as interventions around economic opportunities and economic empowerment.”

STORYLINE:

A new report by WHO and partners shows that violence against women remains devastatingly pervasive and starts alarmingly young. Across their lifetime, 1 in 3 women, around 736 million, are subjected to physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner or sexual violence from a non-partner – a number that has remained largely unchanged over the past decade.

This violence starts early: 1 in 4 young women (aged 15-24 years) who have been in a relationship will have already experienced violence by an intimate partner by the time they reach their mid-twenties.

“Violence against women is endemic in every country and culture, causing harm to millions of women and their families, and has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic,” said Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General.

“But unlike COVID-19, violence against women cannot be stopped with a vaccine. We can only fight it with deep-rooted and sustained efforts – by governments, communities and individuals – to change harmful attitudes, improve access to opportunities and services for women and girls, and foster healthy and mutually respectful relationships.”

Intimate partner violence is by far the most prevalent form of violence against women globally (affecting around 641 million). However, 6 per cent of women globally report being sexually assaulted by someone other than their husband or partner. Given the high levels of stigma and under-reporting of sexual abuse, the true figure is likely to be significantly higher.

Emergencies exacerbate violence, increasing vulnerability and risks

This report presents data from the largest ever study of the prevalence of violence against women, conducted by WHO on behalf of a special working group of the United Nations. Based on data from 2000 to 2018, it updates previous estimates released in 2013.

While the numbers reveal already alarmingly high rates of violence against women and girls, they do not reflect the ongoing impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

WHO and partners warn that the COVID-19 pandemic has further increased women’s exposure to violence, as a result of measures such as lockdowns and disruptions to vital support services.

“It’s deeply disturbing that this pervasive violence by men against women not only persists unchanged, but is at its worst for young women aged 15-24 who may also be young mothers. And that was the situation before the pandemic stay-at home orders. We know that the multiple impacts of COVID-19 have triggered a “shadow pandemic” of increased reported violence of all kinds against women and girls,” said UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka. “Every government should be taking strong, proactive steps to address this, and involving women in doing so”, she added.

Though many countries have seen increased reporting of intimate partner violence to helplines, police, health workers, teachers, and other service providers during lockdowns, the full impact of the pandemic on prevalence will only be established as surveys are resumed, the report notes.

Inequities are a leading risk factor for violence against women

Violence disproportionately affects women living in low- and lower-middle-income countries. An estimated 37% of women living in the poorest countries have experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence in their life, with some of these countries having a prevalence as high as 1 in 2.

The regions of Oceania, Southern Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa have the highest prevalence rates of intimate partner violence among women aged 15-49, ranging from 33 per cent – 51 per cent. The lowest rates are found in Europe (16–23 per cent), Central Asia (18 per cent), Eastern Asia (20 per cent) and South-Eastern Asia (21 per cent).

Younger women are at highest risk for recent violence. Among those who have been in a relationship, the highest rates (16 per cent) of intimate partner violence in the past 12 months occurred among young women aged between 15 and 24.

Violence against women must be prevented

Violence – in all its forms – can have an impact on a woman’s health and well-being throughout the rest of her life – even long after the violence may have ended. It is associated with increased risk of injuries, depression, anxiety disorders, unplanned pregnancies, sexually-transmitted infections including HIV and many other health problems. It has impacts on society as a whole and comes with tremendous costs, impacting national budgets and overall development.

Preventing violence requires addressing systemic economic and social inequalities, ensuring access to education and safe work, and changing discriminatory gender norms and institutions. Successful interventions also include strategies that ensure essential services are available and accessible to survivors, that support women’s organisations, challenge inequitable social norms, reform discriminatory laws and strengthen legal responses, among others.

“To address violence against women, there’s an urgent need to reduce stigma around this issue, train health professionals to interview survivors with compassion, and dismantle the foundations of gender inequality,” said Dr Claudia Garcia-Moreno of WHO. “Interventions with adolescents and young people to foster gender equality and gender-equitable attitudes are also vital.”

Countries should honour their commitments to increased and strong political will and leadership to tackle violence against women in all its forms, through: Sound gender transformative policies, from policies around childcare to equal pay, and laws that support gender equality;
A strengthened health system response that ensures access to survivor-centred care and referral to other services as needed; School and educational interventions to challenge discriminatory attitudes and beliefs, including comprehensive sexuality education; Targeted investment in sustainable and effective evidence-based prevention strategies at local, national, regional and global levels, and Strengthening data collection and investing in high quality surveys on violence against women and improving measurement of the different forms of violence experienced by women, including those who are most marginalized.
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