Golan (UNDOF), Mali (MINUSMA) - Security Council Open VTC

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29-Jun-2020 00:01:55
The Security Council renews the mandates of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) in the Golan until 31 December 2020, and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2021.

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The Security Council, in a 29 June video conference meeting, announced its decision to renew the mandate of the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) in the Golan for six months until 31 December and called on Israel and Syria to fully respect the terms of the 1974 Disengagement of Forces Agreement.

In unanimously adopting resolution 2530 (2020), the Council called on the parties to exercise maximum restraint and prevent any ceasefire breaches. It also encouraged them to take full advantage of UNDOF’s liaison function to address issues of mutual concern and prevent any escalation along the ceasefire line.

Expressing full support for the Secretary-General’s appointment of Major General Ishwar Hamal of Nepal as Head of Mission and Force Commander of UNDOF (see Press Release SG/A/1949), it called on all groups other than UNDOF to abandon UNDOF positions and to return vehicles, weapons and other equipment belonging to the peacekeepers.

In addition, the Council called on all parties to ensure UNDOF’s freedom of movement, as well as its full utilization of the Quneitra crossing. It went on to call on them to allow UNDOF to increase its operations on the Bravo side and to lift COVID-19‑related restrictions as soon as sanitary conditions permit.

Also at the same video conference meeting, the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) until 30 June 2021 and set out a series of priority measures to be fulfilled in the coming 12 months by the Mission and the Malian parties.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2531 (2020) under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Council decided that MINUSMA will continue to comprise up to 13,289 military personnel and 1,920 police personnel. It also authorized the Mission to use “all necessary means” to carry out its mandate “with a proactive, robust flexible and agile posture”.

The 15‑member organ decided that MINUSMA’s primary tasks will include supporting the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, signed in June 2015, support the stabilization and restoration of State authority in central Mali, protect civilians, exercise good offices, promote and protect human rights, and help create a secure environment for humanitarian assistance.

It also urges the Malian parties — comprising the Government and the Platforme and Coordination armed groups — to continue to accelerate the implementation of the Agreement. Setting out several priority measures, the Council urged the parties to make significant progress on the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of armed groups and the operationalization of a reconstituted Malian Defence and Security Forces; to ensure the completion of constitutional reform; to implement pilot projects in northern Mali to swiftly deliver peace dividends to the population; and to implement the recommendations of a high-level workshop on women’s participation in mechanisms established by the Agreement.

Addressing the situation in central Mali, the 17-page resolution urges the Malian authorities to re-establish the State’s presence and authority by deploying internal security forces, judicial entities and basic social services. It also urges them to bring to justice those accused of perpetrating massacres that killed hundreds of civilians in 2019 and 2020.

Regarding other military forces in the region, the resolution encourages the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel) States — Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger — to scale up the level of operation of its joint force and requested the Secretary-General to enhance the sharing of intelligence between MINUSMA and the joint force. It also authorized French forces in Mali to use all necessary means to intervene in support of MINUSMA when the Mission faces a serious threat. In addition, it encouraged the European Union to continue to support security sector reform and the re-establishment of State authority throughout Mali.

From the Secretary-General, the Council requested that he continue to ensure close coordination and information‑sharing between MINUSMA, the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel, subregional organizations including the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the G5 Sahel, and Member States in the region. It also requested, in addition to reports every three months on the resolution’s implementation and every six months on MINUSMA’s operations, a long-term road map — to be presented by 31 March 2021 — focusing on a set of benchmarks and conditions that would lead to a possible exit strategy for MINUSMA without putting the stability of Mali and the region in jeopardy.

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