UN / GAMBA CHILDREN ARMED CONFLICT

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15-Jun-2020 00:03:16
The UN Secretary-General’s report on Children and Armed Conflict released today found that over 25,000 grave violations were verified against children in 2019, representing a plateau compared to 2018 with an exponential increase in the denial of humanitarian access to children. UNIFEED

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STORY: UN / GAMBA CHILDREN ARMED CONFLICT
TRT: 3:16
SOURCE: UNIFEED
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: JUNE 2020, NEW YORK CITY

SHOTLIST:

FILE – NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters exterior

15 JUNE 2020, NEW YORK CITY

2. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
"The magnitude of denials of humanitarian assistance last year exceeded all figures. to provide an example, it is worth recalling that in 2017, denials as verified were 1,200, denials as verified in 2018 were 795, and denials in 2019 are 4,400. This is by far the most worrisome trend in 2019, and the rate is over 400 per cent higher than any other violation or year for that matter."

FILE – NEW YORK CITY

3. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters exterior

15 JUNE 2020, NEW YORK CITY

4. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
"In the agenda what we are seeing is the emerging trends of attacks on hospitals and health facilities, military use of schools, and socio-economic impacts that might lead impoverished families and children to re-recruitment of minors. Lockdowns have further put a strain on children under detention, and on child protection actors and officials of the United Nations, who are hampered in this environment from movement, free movement, access, and engagement to the same level as they were able to do in 2019 with such excellent results as we have seen with the 30 action plans we obtained."

FILE – NEW YORK CITY

5. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters exterior

15 JUNE 2020, NEW YORK CITY

6. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
"The Secretary-General has decided to de-list the Coalition to Support Legitimacy in Yemen for the killing and maiming of children. The decision was taken following 18 months of sustained verified decrease in child causalities resulting from Coalition airstrikes in Yemen. The putting in place of adequate mitigation measures, including a roadmap of time-bound activities to ensure continued protection and prevention of violations in the future. Nevertheless, the monitoring will continue in the next 12 months to ensure the sustained implementation of time-bound activities and the further decrease in the number of affected children as verified by the United Nations, failure of which would result in a re-listing for the same violation in the next Secretary-General annual report."

FILE – NEW YORK CITY

7. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters exterior

15 JUNE 2020, NEW YORK CITY

8. SOUNDBITE (English) Virginia Gamba, Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, United Nations:
"The rise of intercommunal and tribal violence, as well as the splintering of armed groups into different entities, some of which directly operate as criminal organizations for economic gain, is worrisome and hard to prevent without proper legislation, monitoring, control, and accountability. It further makes access to children more difficult for child protection personnel. As it relates to regions of concern, the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin region are the most worrisome trends and violations today."

FILE – NEW YORK CITY

9. Wide shot, United Nations headquarters exterior

STORYLINE:

The UN Secretary-General’s report on Children and Armed Conflict released today found that over 25,000 grave violations were verified against children in 2019, representing a plateau compared to 2018 with an exponential increase in the denial of humanitarian access to children.

Presenting the report to journalists in a virtual press conference today (15 Jun) UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict Virginia Gamba said there were decreases in recruitment, killing and maiming, and the abduction of children, while attacks on schools and hospitals and sexual violence violations, including rape, remained relatively the same as the previous year.

She added, “The magnitude of denials of humanitarian assistance last year exceeded all figures. to provide an example, it is worth recalling that in 2017, denials as verified were 1,200, denials as verified in 2018 were 795, and denials in 2019 are 4,400. This is by far the most worrisome trend in 2019, and the rate is over 400 per cent higher than any other violation or year for that matter."

Gamba said there was progress made on the release of children from detention and ranks, maintaining the levels of 2018 – between 13,00 and 14,000 for each year. She said peace process, dialogues, and other mediation efforts contributed to this, notably in Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Sudan, and Yemen. She said a record 30 action plans were reached to protect children were taken by parties to conflict with the engagement of the United Nations.

The Special Representative said the COVID-19 pandemic presented a significant challenge that would be more reflected in the 2020 report. She said there “emerging trends of attacks on hospitals and health facilities, military use of schools, and socio-economic impacts that might lead impoverished families and children to re-recruitment of minors. Lockdowns have further put a strain on children under detention, and on child protection actors and officials of the United Nations, who are hampered in this environment from movement, free movement, access, and engagement to the same level as they were able to do in 2019 with such excellent results as we have seen with the 30 action plans we obtained."

Gamba said, "The Secretary-General has decided to de-list the Coalition to Support Legitimacy in Yemen for the killing and maiming of children. The decision was taken following 18 months of sustained verified decrease in child causalities resulting from Coalition airstrikes in Yemen. The putting in place of adequate mitigation measures, including a roadmap of time-bound activities to ensure continued protection and prevention of violations in the future. Nevertheless, the monitoring will continue in the next 12 months to ensure the sustained implementation of time-bound activities and the further decrease in the number of affected children as verified by the United Nations, failure of which would result in a re-listing for the same violation in the next Secretary-General annual report."

The Special Representative noted that this year’s report added a new category of violators of children’s rights. She said the rise of intercommunal and tribal violence, “as well as the splintering of armed groups into different entities, some of which directly operate as criminal organizations for economic gain, is worrisome and hard to prevent without proper legislation, monitoring, control, and accountability.” Gamba said this also makes access to children more difficult for child protection personnel. She added, “As it relates to regions of concern, the Sahel region and the Lake Chad Basin region are the most worrisome trends and violations today."
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