UN Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) and African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) - Security Council Open VTC

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04-Jun-2020 00:03:29
Security Council establishes Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan, unanimously adopting resolution 2524 (2020) and extends African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur until 31 December, unanimously adopting resolution 2525 (2020).

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The Security Council, in a 4 June videoconference meeting, decided to establish a new political mission in Sudan to assist the country in its transition towards democratic governance, provide support for peace negotiations and bolster efforts to maintain accountable rule of law and security institutions.

Unanimously adopting resolution 2524 (2020), the Council decided that the new United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) will provide technical assistance to the Constitution drafting process, supporting implementation of all human rights, equality, accountability and rule-of-law provisions in the Constitutional Document.

Among other strategic objectives, UNITAMS will provide good offices for peace negotiations, and if requested, scalable support for the implementation of any future peace agreements, and for the monitoring and verification of possible ceasefires, with particular focus on Blue Nile and South Kordofan (the Two Areas) and Darfur.

By other terms, the new Mission will also assist in peacebuilding, civilian protection and rule of law, notably in Darfur and the Two Areas. It will support Sudan’s capacity to extend State presence and inclusive civilian governance, in particular by strengthening accountable rule of law and security institutions, and by building trust between State authorities and local communities.

To foster stable conditions in which future peace agreements can be implemented, UNITAMS will provide support on civilian protection, deploying mobile monitoring teams and facilitating local crisis mediation. It will also help to uphold human rights, notably by protecting women and children from sexual and gender-based violence. It will collaborate with international financial institutions to mobilize economic and development assistance, and facilitate full, rapid and unhindered delivery of humanitarian aid.

The Council requested the Secretary-General to swiftly establish UNITAMS, ensuring that the Mission can start delivering against all its strategic objectives no later than 1 January 2021. He was also requested to provide the Council with a suggested structure and geographical deployment within 60 days.

Also at the 4 June videoconference meeting, the Security Council extended the mandate of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) until 31 December, deciding that the peacekeeping mission will maintain its current troop and police ceilings during this period.

Adopting resolution 2525 (2020) unanimously under Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations, the Council expressed its intention to decide by 31 December courses of action regarding UNAMID’s drawdown and exit. The mission’s strategic priority will be the protection of civilians, including by supporting Sudan’s capacity to carry out that duty and by preserving requisite capacity, particularly in Jebel Marra.

The Council underscored that UNAMID will retain its responsibility for civilian protection in Darfur without prejudice to Sudan’s primary duty in this regard. It reiterated its requests that UNAMID and the newly established United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) create a coordination mechanism to determine the modalities and timelines for the handover of responsibilities where they have common strategic priorities in Darfur.

By other terms, the Council called on UNAMID and Sudan’s Government to finalize swiftly a revised framework agreement which ensures the principle of civilian end-use, as well as the security and physical integrity of the handed‑over UNAMID team sites and assets that will not be used by UNITAMS and its integrated United Nations country team partners.

The 15-member organ also called on Sudan to swiftly conclude its investigations into recent looting of previously handed‑over UNAMID team sites, and to continue to hold accountable individuals who participated in such incidents.

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