UNICEF / CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA

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28-Jan-2020 00:01:07
Boosting efforts to fight pneumonia could avert nearly nine million child deaths from pneumonia and other major diseases, a new analysis has found ahead of the first ever global forum on childhood pneumonia in Barcelona, from 29 to 31 January. UNICEF

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STORY: UNICEF / CHILDHOOD PNEUMONIA
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SOURCE: UNICEF
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DATELINE: FILE - MANDROMONDROMOTRA, MADAGASCAR / HAMDAN DISTRICT, YEMEN

SHOTLIST:

FILE – UNICEF - 08 SEPTEMBER 2015, MANDROMONDROMOTRA, MADAGASCAR

1. Close up, child suffering from pneumonia
2. Med shot, mother and child on bed in a UNICEF-supported health centre
3. Close up, child being examined
4. Med shot, being examined by UNICEF health worker
5. Close up, child suffering from pneumonia
6. Med shot, child comforted in bed by mother
7. Med shot, child being examined by UNICEF health worker
8. Close up, child being examined by UNICEF health worker

FILE – UNICEF – 18 DECEMBER 2019, HAMDAN DISTRICT, YEMEN

9. Tracking, health centre in Yemen, child being examined for treatment
10. Med shot, child with mother
11. racking, health centre in Yemen, child with father being processed for treatment
12. Med shot, child having her temperature taken

STORYLINE:

Boosting efforts to fight pneumonia could avert nearly nine million child deaths from pneumonia and other major diseases, a new analysis has found ahead of the first ever global forum on childhood pneumonia in Barcelona, from 29 to 31 January.

According to a modelling by Johns Hopkins University, scaling up pneumonia treatment and prevention services can save the lives of 3.2 million children under the age of five. It would also create ‘a ripple effect’ that would prevent 5.7 million extra child deaths from other major childhood diseases at the same time, underscoring the need for integrated health services.

Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi, and leaves children fighting for breath as their lungs fill with pus and fluid. It is the biggest single killer of children, claiming the lives of 800,000 children last year, or one child every 39 seconds. Although some types of pneumonia can be prevented with vaccines and can be easily treated with low-cost antibiotics if properly diagnosed, tens of millions of children are still unvaccinated – and one in three children with symptoms do not receive essential medical care.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) said child deaths from pneumonia are concentrated in the world’s poorest countries and it is the most deprived and marginalised children who suffer the most. Forecasts show 6.3 million children under the age of five could die from pneumonia between 2020 and 2030, on current trends. Over the next decade, deaths are likely to be highest in Nigeria (1.4 million), India (880,000), the Democratic Republic of Congo (350,000) and Ethiopia (280,000).

Health interventions aimed at improving nutrition, providing antibiotics and increasing vaccine coverage, boosting breastfeeding rates – key measures that reduce the risk of children dying from pneumonia – would also prevent millions of child deaths from diseases like diarrhoea (2.1 million), sepsis (1.3 million), and measles (280,000).

Outdoor air pollution contributes to 17.5 per cent – or nearly one in five – pneumonia deaths among children under five worldwide, according to a study by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME-GBD). Household pollution from the indoor use of solid cooking fuels contributes to an additional 195,000 (29.4 per cent) deaths.

Ninety-one per cent of the world’s population is breathing outdoor air that exceeds WHO standards. The scale of the air pollution challenge could potentially undermine the impact of scaling up pneumonia-related interventions.

Other causes of pneumonia deaths include malnutrition, and lack of access to vaccines and antibiotics. According to the Johns Hopkins modelling, of the total 8.9 million deaths from all causes that could be averted over the next decade, 3.9 million would be the result of greater efforts to reduce levels of malnutrition alone.

On January 29-31, the nine leading health and children’s organisations – ISGlobal, Save the Children, UNICEF, Every Breath Counts, “la Caixa” Foundation, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, USAID,Unitaid and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance – are hosting world leaders at the Global Forum on Childhood Pneumonia in Barcelona, the first international forum on childhood pneumonia.

Among the announcements to be made at the forum include a more affordable PCV vaccine from the Serum Institute of India and political commitments from governments in high-burden countries to develop national strategies to reduce pneumonia deaths.
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unifeed200128e
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