8699th Security Council Meeting: Maintenance of International Peace and Security - Part 3

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13-Jan-2020 01:56:48
Delegates underscore need to reform Security Council membership, as 15-member organ concludes debate on upholding Charter.

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With the United Nations marking its seventy-fifth anniversary in 2020, it is time for Member States to consider reforming the Security Council to make it more representative and more effective, delegates said today as the 15-member organ concluded its open debate on upholding the Organization’s Charter.

Eritrea’s representative said the Council needs transparent rules and procedures for invoking Chapter VI on the pacific settlement of disputes and Chapter VII on action with respect to threats to peace, breaches of peace and acts of aggression. Political considerations could lead to selective and inappropriate application of the rules if Council resolutions are not clear and consistent, she stated.

The representative of Barbados said the Council should better reflect the security challenges faced by the family of humanity, as represented by the membership of the United Nations itself. Among other changes, she said the Council should include a rotating seat for small island developing States.

Austria’s representative said States should refrain from actions that violate the Charter’s prohibition on the threat or use of force, and that fair and clear procedures — including an independent review mechanism — remain prerequisites for the imposition of sanctions. The Council should also ensure that procedural human rights guarantees are institutionalized in all sanction regimes, he added.

Brunei Darussalam’s delegate called on the Council to use the debate as an opportunity for self-reflection. It should also further enhance its partnership with regional organizations to address global challenges, she said.

Djibouti’s representative, in the same vein, urged Member States to collectively reflect on the decision-making process in the Council, saying that ongoing divisions and conflicts of interpretation of the Charter of the United Nations have undermined the organ’s credibility and ability to respond to crises.

Lebanon’s delegate said the actions of Council members must speak louder than their words and that its resolutions — especially regarding occupation, mass atrocities and human rights — must be implemented.

Bolivia’s representative, meanwhile, said worsening geographic tensions are undermining disarmament efforts, with the constant erosion of arms control treaties casting clouds over their effectiveness.

Turkey’s representative said the 2020 anniversary is an opportunity to teach young people about the Charter’s values and the Organization’s achievements. They must learn what it would be like to live in a world with no rules, or by a set of rules imposed by the most powerful States.

The Permanent Observer for the State of Palestine said that while most nations agree with the United Nations role in conflict prevention and resolution, some parties disparage multilateralism and mock the Council, even claiming that the organ has no role to play in resolving the Israeli-Palestinian dispute.

The open debate began on 9 January and resumed on 10 January. (See Press Releases SC/14071 and SC/14072.)

Also speaking today were representatives of Morocco, Montenegro, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Mozambique, Malta, Bahrain, Angola, Bulgaria, Nepal, Senegal, Colombia, Qatar and Syria.

The meeting began at 3:06 p.m. and ended at 5:03 p.m.

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