3765th Meeting of Security Council: Situation in Afghanistan

Preview Language:   English
14-Apr-1997 00:51:17
Afghanistan parties urged to halt military activities, engage in dialogue as Security Council begins exchange of views at the 3765th meeting.

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Speakers Alarmed by Reports of Renewed Military Offensives; Concern Also Expressed over Presence of Terrorists, Growing Narcotics Trade.

Alarmed by reports of possible renewed military offensives in Afghanistan, speakers in the Security Council this afternoon urged the warring parties to cease military activities and engage in a political dialogue to form a broadly based, fully representative Government.

As the Council began an exchange of views on the situation in Afghanistan that will continue on Tuesday afternoon, 15 April, representatives called for the cessation of international interference in Afghanistan and urged the parties to eschew the idea of a military solution to the conflict. Several speakers also expressed concern over the presence of international terrorists and the growth of the narcotics trade in Afghanistan, as well as the treatment of women in the territory under the control of the Taliban.

The Acting Foreign Minister of Afghanistan, Abdul Rahim Ghafoorzai, said that Taliban soldiers, heavily reinforced from outside Afghanistan, were preparing a new offensive in northern Afghanistan. Since a "positive regional atmosphere" was important to the cessation of the current crisis, he called on the newly-elected Prime Minister of Pakistan to shift his country towards the path of mutual respect and neighbourliness.

Joining a number of speakers in expressing particular concern about the situation of women in Afghanistan, the representative of Chile urged that the human rights of women not be "sacrificed on the altar of peace". The Security Council should not endorse a peace settlement which consolidated condemnable practices against women, he said.

While calling for an immediate end to the conflict and a practical dialogue, the representative of the United States stressed that, contrary to some reports, the United States had not supported the Taliban or any other group. On the other hand it did not blame the Taliban for the ills of Afghanistan, for which all parties were responsible. He expressed deep concern, as did other speakers, about terrorist/military training camps, narcotics production and drug trafficking and human rights, particularly the rights of women and girls. On regional efforts to respond to the situation in Afghanistan, the representative of the Russian Federation highlighted the efforts of the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in pursuing peace. The United Nations should play a crucial role in resolving the conflict and the Council should follow up the discussion with a presidential statement, he said. Also supporting the central role of the United Nations Special Mission in Afghanistan, the United Kingdom stressed the need to end arms supplies to the warring factions and called attention to the arms embargo implemented by the European Union. Other countries should follow suit, he said.

Statements were also made this afternoon by the representatives of China, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, France, Poland, Republic of Korea, Kenya, Japan, Costa Rica and Sweden.

For further details please see official record:
S/PV.3765

For further details please see source:
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United Nations, Producer
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DIGIBETA
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4:3
Parent ID
846024
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2426468