36th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 51st Session - Part 1

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16-Oct-1996 01:26:31
Commitments of Copenhagen Summit constitute international contract for social development, Chile tells Assembly. The General Assembly considers agenda item 45, implementation of the outcome of the World Summit for Social Development at 36th plenary meeting of the 51st session.

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Commitments made at last year's World Summit for Social Development constituted a new international contract to achieve social development, the representative of Chile said this morning, as the General Assembly began its review of follow-up to the 1995 Copenhagen Summit.

The representative of Chile, who had been instrumental in coordinating the Summit, said those commitments had paved the way for a new era of cooperation based on the security of the individual. The United Nations had taken such steps as revitalizing the Commission for Social Development, establishing inter-agency task forces to coordinate follow-up and enhancing relations between the United Nations and the Bretton Wood institutions.

Nevertheless, the Social Summit could not be seen as a success unless social development was achieved in Africa and the least developed countries, he said. Nor would it be successful without progress towards gender equality. Resources must be the mobilized at both the national and international levels.

Summit participants had agreed that development was not solely a matter of economic growth, the representative of Ireland said, on behalf of the European Union and associated States. Development also required democratic governance, empowerment of individuals, social justice and the equitable distribution of wealth and income. However, to eradicate poverty, financial resources must be mobilized, bearing in mind the commitment by donor countries to contribute 0.7 per cent of gross national product (GNP) to official development assistance (ODA).

The representative of Costa Rica, speaking for the "Group of 77" developing countries and China, said that while the resources and organizational ability to eradicate poverty existed, the political will to pursue that goal through a global partnership was lacking. She appealed to all Member States to honour their commitments, particularly with respect to the provision of adequate resources, to ensure full implementation of the goals of the Social Summit.

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