39th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 50th Session - Part 2

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24-Oct-1995 01:25:10
World leaders call for promotion of peace by ensuring human rights of nations, fighting poverty and other threatening forces, at the 39th plenary meeting of the 50th session.

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Beginning the final day of its three days of meetings to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations, world leaders urged the Organization, as the it moves towards its next half century, to promote peace by ensuring the human rights of nations and fighting poverty and other forces that threaten peace and security. Peace, it was declared, involved economic and social progress, not just the absence of war.

Against the background of these commemorative meetings, the United Nations began observance of the World Week of Peace, proclaimed earlier this year by the General Assembly to coincide with the commemoration of the Organization's fiftieth anniversary. The Week, which begins today, 24 October, was proclaimed to be an opportunity for governments and organizations to take part in new initiatives concerning conflict resolution, cease-fires and truces.

Speakers stated that while the globalization of the economy could create advantages for all, the struggle between economic power blocs had increased the injustices between nations. A call was made for a "new global human order", involving a system of global governance based on the principle of representative and participatory government, as well as a global development facility funded by global taxes on pollution and speculative currency movements.

Others speakers said that democratization, transparency, accountability and respect for the positions of all should be at the heart of the reforms of the United Nations system, particularly in the Security Council.

Statements were made this morning by President Runaldo Ronald Venetiaan of Suriname; President Ramiro de Leon Carpio of Guatemala; President Jose Maria Figueres of Costa Rica; President Ernesto Perez Balladares of Panama; President Rafael Caldera of Venezuela; President Albert Zafy of Madagascar; President Punsalmaagiin Ochirbat of Mongolia; President Jiang Zemin of China; Prince Rainier III of Monaco; President Cheddi Jagan of Guyana; President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia and Herzegovina; Wilton S. Sankawulo, Chairman of the Council of State of the Liberian National Transitional Government; President Kuniwo Nakamura of Palau; President Pasteur Bizimungu of Rwanda; and President Zhelyu Zhelev of Bulgaria.

The commemorative meeting also heard statements from Vice-President Jacinto Peynado Garrigosa of the Dominican Republic; Prime Minister Jean-Luc Dehaene of Belgium; Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-Archa of Thailand; Prime Minister Edison C. James of Dominica; Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan; Prime Minister Percival James Patterson of Jamaica; Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin of Israel; and Deputy Prime Minister Kahmphoai Keoboualapha of the Lao People's Democratic Republic.

Also among those this morning's speakers Foreign Minister Mohamed Salem Ould Lekhal of Mauritania, Foreign Minister Baboucarr Blaise Jagne of Gambia; and Foreign Minister Susanna Agnelli of Italy. The President of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, Mario Enrique Villarroel Lander, also addressed the Assembly.

The General Assembly will meet again at 3 p.m. today to conclude the special commemorative meeting.

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