48th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 50th Session - Part 2

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02-Nov-1995 01:04:39
General Assembly adopts draft on need to end United States embargo against Cuba at 48th meeting.

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The General Assembly, in adopting a draft resolution this morning on the need to end the United States economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba, reiterated its call to all States to refrain from promulgating and applying laws and measures whose extraterritorial effects affect the sovereignty of other States as well as the freedom of trade and navigation. (For details of the voting, see Annex.)

The Assembly acted by a vote of 117 in favour to 3 against (Israel, United States, Uzbekistan), with 38 abstentions. By that resolution, the Assembly also once again urged States that have and continue to apply such laws and measures to take the necessary steps to repeal or invalidate them as soon as possible.

The representative of Cuba introduced the resolution and said that the attempts to submit the sovereignty of third States to the designs of the United States legislation and to subordinate international law had become more dangerous than ever. "With absolute lack of ethical and juridical sense, the promoters of these new initiatives intend to internationalize the unilateral blockade of the United States against Cuba, as if this policy had not been the one particularly rejected by the international community through three General Assembly resolutions." The present resolution would send a signal to those who would violate the principles enshrined in the Charter and international law, he added.

The United States representative said his Government has indicated repeatedly over the past year that "it is not wedded to indefinite continuation of the embargo but is prepared to reduce its sanctions in carefully calibrated ways should there be significant political and economic reform in Cuba". But he added that his country had concluded that, unpopular as its economic sanctions might be in the General Assembly, their continued application was necessary.

Speaking on behalf of the European Union, the representative of Spain said the Union had always rejected the actions of the United States aimed at involving third States in the application of commercial measures that fell exclusively within the foreign or security policy of the United States. "The European Union cannot accept that the United States unilaterally determines or restricts the European Union's economic and commercial relations with any other State", he said.

The representative of Colombia read from the Cartagena Declaration, adopted last month by heads of State or government of the Movement of Non- Aligned Countries, which called upon the United States to put an end to the economic, commercial and financial measures and actions against Cuba which, in addition to being unilateral and contrary to the Charter and international law, and to the principle of neighbourliness, caused huge material losses and economic damage. The United States should settle its differences with Cuba through negotiations on the basis of equality and mutual respect, he said.

Other statements were made by the representatives of Mexico, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Viet Nam, Brazil, United Republic of Tanzania, Malaysia, Iran, Libya, Indonesia, Zimbabwe, Saint Lucia, India, South Africa, Jamaica, China, Russian Federation, Ecuador, Ghana, Argentina, Japan, Venezuela, Singapore, Iraq, Canada and Gambia.

Also this morning, the Assembly continued its consideration of a draft resolution on multilingualism, hearing the introduction of oral amendments to that draft presented by the representative of Australia.

The General Assembly will meet again at 3 p.m. today to take action on the draft resolution on multilingualism.

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