90th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 50th Session - Part 2

Preview Language:   English
12-Dec-1995 00:58:40
Assembly strongly deplores all nuclear testing, urges immediate halt, continued moratoriums pending enactment of comprehensive treaty at 90th meeting.

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The General Assembly this afternoon strongly deplored all current nuclear testing and strongly urged the immediate cessation of all such testing, by a resolution adopted this afternoon on the recommendation of its First Committee (Disarmament and International Security).

By a vote of 85 in favour to 18 against with 43 abstentions, the Assembly commended those nuclear-weapon States observing testing moratoriums and urged them to continue the moratoriums pending the entry into force of a comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty. (For details of voting, see Annex XIII.)

Acting on the 46 resolutions and three decisions recommended by the Committee, the Assembly dealt with such issues as nuclear and other weapons of mass destruction, conventional arms, regional disarmament, confidence-building and transparency, an outer space arms race, international security, and disarmament bodies.

The Assembly urged all States to support the negotiations in the Conference on Disarmament for a comprehensive nuclear test ban, calling on the Conference to give highest priority to concluding the ban as soon as possible in 1996. Prior to acting without a vote to adopt the text as a whole, the Assembly held a separate vote to adopt its paragraph calling for the treaty to be ready for signature by the outset of the Assembly's next session (Annex VI).

By another text, the Assembly urged all States not yet party to the partial test-ban Treaty to adhere to it. It asked all States parties to contribute to the conclusion of a comprehensive nuclear test ban not later than 1996. The resolution was adopted by 110 votes in favour to 4 against (Israel, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, United States), with 45 abstentions (Annex V).

The nuclear-weapon States were urged immediately to stop the qualitative improvement, development, stockpiling and production of nuclear warheads and delivery systems, by another text. The Assembly called on them to undertake a phased programme of deep reductions of nuclear weapons, aimed at their total elimination within a time-bound framework. That text was adopted by 106 votes in favour to 39 against, with 17 abstentions (Annex XXXII).

The Assembly urged States not parties to the Treaty on the Non- Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) to accede to it at the earliest possible date, by another text. It called for determined efforts by nuclear- weapon States to reduce nuclear weapons, and by all States for general and complete disarmament. The vote was 154 in favour to none against with 10 abstentions (Algeria, Brazil, China, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, India, Iran, Israel, Myanmar and Pakistan) (Annex XVII). Prior to adopting the text as a whole, it voted to adopt paragraphs welcoming the decisions of the NPT Review Conference (Annex XV) and urging accession to that Treaty (Annex XVI).

The Assembly decided to convene a fourth special session on disarmament, to be held in 1997 if possible, with the exact date and agenda to be determined by the end of the current session, under a resolution adopted by 111 votes in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States) with 49 abstentions (Annex XXV).

Prior to adopting the text as a whole, the Assembly held separate votes to adopt four of its operative paragraphs. By their terms, the Assembly decided to convene the special session "to be held in 1997, if possible" (Annex XXI); to establish a Preparatory Committee for the special session (Annex XXII); to ask that body to meet briefly before the end of the Assembly's current session to set the date for its substantive session (Annex XXIII) and to submit a progress report to the Assembly at its next session (Annex XXIV).

The Assembly urged the Russian Federation and the United States to resume their bilateral negotiations on preventing an outer space arms race, under another text. By a vote of 121 in favour to none against with 46 abstentions, it called on all States to contribute to preventing such an arms race and asked the Conference on Disarmament to intensify its consideration of the matter (Annex XII.)

Prior to taking that action, separate votes were held to adopt paragraphs recognizing that the fundamental task of the Conference's Ad Hoc Committee was to conclude agreements to prevent an outer space arms race (Annex IX); asking the Conference to re-establish an ad hoc committee to conclude such an agreement (Annex X); and urging the Russian Federation and the United States to resume their bilateral negotiations on the matter (Annex XI).

The Assembly again urged the States of South Asia to continue their efforts to establish a nuclear-weapon-free zone there and to refrain from any action contrary to that objective, under a resolution adopted by 154 votes in favour to 3 against (Bhutan, India, Mauritius) with 9 abstentions (Algeria, Cuba, Cyprus, Laos, Indonesia, Israel, Madagascar, Myanmar, Viet Nam) (Annex VII).

The Assembly called on Israel and all other Middle Eastern States not yet party to the NPT "not to develop, produce, test or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons and to accede to the Treaty at the earliest date", by another text. They were also asked to place all unsafeguarded nuclear facilities under full-scope International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards. The resolution was adopted by 56 votes in favour to 2 against (Israel, United States), with 100 abstentions (Annex XXXIX).

Prior to adopting the text as a whole, the Assembly voted to adopt a paragraph recalling the decision of the NPT Conference calling on all States to accede to that Treaty (Annex XXXVIII).

By 150 votes in favour to none against with 14 abstentions, the Assembly encouraged the United States, Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine to continue their cooperative efforts aimed at eliminating nuclear weapons and strategic offensive arms on the basis of existing agreements (Annex XXVII). By a separate vote, it adopted a paragraph which notes with appreciation the indefinite extension of the NPT and acknowledges the importance of progressive efforts to reduce nuclear weapons (Annex XXVI).

The Assembly appealed to all States to work towards early agreement on security assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States, including conclusion of a legally binding international instrument, under a resolution adopted by 122 votes in favour to none against, with 44 abstentions (Annex VIII).

It also welcomed the signing of the 1993 Treaty between the Russian Federation and the United States on the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms and urged them to bring it into force at the earliest possible date. By 105 votes in favour to 37 against with 20 abstentions, it encouraged the United States, Russian Federation, Kazakstan and Ukraine to continue their efforts to eliminate nuclear weapons and strategic offensive arms on the basis of existing agreements (Annex XXXI).

By 108 votes in favour to 27 against with 28 abstentions, the Assembly repeated its request that the Conference on Disarmament begin negotiating a convention to prohibit the use or threatened use of nuclear weapons, submitting a draft text to be used as a possible basis for negotiations (Annex XXXVI).

By another text, the Assembly noted that this year's NPT Review Conference had decided, without a vote, to extend the Treaty indefinitely and to continue holding review conferences every five years, and that the parties had agreed to strengthen the Treaty's review process. The vote was 161 votes in favour to none against, with 2 abstentions (India, Israel) (Annex XXXIII).

The Assembly called on all States to conclude agreements for nuclear non-proliferation, disarmament and confidence-building measures at the regional and subregional levels, by a text on regional disarmament. That action was taken by 165 votes in favour to none against with 1 abstention (India) (Annex XXVIII).

The Assembly decided urgently to consider conventional arms control at the regional and subregional levels, under another text. By 158 vote in favour to none against with 7 abstentions (Brazil, Cuba, India, Libya, Mexico, Nigeria and Venezuela), it asked the Conference on Disarmament to consider formulating principles for regional agreements on the matter (Annex XXIX).

By 140 votes in favour to none against with 19 abstentions, the Assembly asked the Secretary-General, assisted by a panel of qualified governmental experts, to report on the types of small arms and light weapons being used in conflicts, the nature and causes of the excessive accumulation and transfer of such arms, and ways to prevent it (Annex XIV).

The Assembly called on States to provide data for the Register of Conventional Arms on their arms imports and exports and on their military holdings and procurements, by a vote of 149 in favour to none against, with 15 abstentions (Annex XX). Prior to adopting the text as a whole, it voted to adopt paragraphs recalling a request that the Secretary-General, assisted by a governmental expert group, report on the operation of the Register (Annex XVIII); and inviting the Conference on Disarmament to consider continuing its work on transparency in armaments (Annex XIX).

By another text, the Assembly asked the Secretary-General to give wide circulation to his report on verification and to report on actions taken to implement its recommendations. The vote was 157 in favour to 1 against (United States) with 6 abstentions (Democratic People's Republic of Korea, France, Georgia, Israel, Monaco and United Kingdom) (Annex I).

States were invited to enhance bilateral and multilateral dialogue on the role of science and technology in international security and disarmament, under a resolution adopted by 157 votes in favour to none against, with 9 abstentions (Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, France, India, Iran, Japan, Pakistan, United Kingdom and the United States) (Annex XIV).

Under a related text, adopted by 104 votes in favour to 6 against (France, Israel, Luxembourg, Netherlands, United Kingdom and the United States), with 53 abstentions, the Assembly asked the Secretary-General to develop a database of concerned research institutions and experts for the application of science and technology to disarmament (Annex III).

The Assembly restated its conviction that participation of all permanent members of the Security Council and major maritime users of the Ocean in the Ad Hoc Committee on the Indian Ocean would facilitate dialogue towards regional peace and stability, under a resolution adopted by 123 votes in favour to 3 against (France, United Kingdom and United States), with 39 abstentions (Annex XL).

It asked the Conference on Disarmament to include environmental norms in disarmament and arms control agreements and to conclude a comprehensive nuclear test ban as soon as possible in 1996, by 157 votes in favour to 4 against (France, Israel, the United Kingdom and the United States) with 2 abstentions (Canada, Japan) (Annex XXX).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly asked the Secretary-General to provide all necessary support, within existing resources, to the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific. Prior to adopting that text, it voted separately to adopt a paragraph recommending that the Centre organize scheduled regional meetings in Kathmandu, Hiroshima and other cities in 1996, within available resources (Annex XXXV).

By another resolution adopted without a vote, the Assembly asked the Disarmament Commission to meet for not more than four weeks during 1996 and recommended that it consider the question of international arms transfers. By a separate vote, it asked the Secretary-General to compile all texts of principles, guidelines or recommendations unanimously adopted by the Commission since its inception in 1978 (Annex XXVII).

Acting without a vote, the Assembly also urged the Conference on Disarmament to continue as the highest priority its negotiations to conclude a comprehensive nuclear test-ban treaty; called for urgent implementation of the Conference's decision to expand its membership; urged States of the region that have not yet done so to ratify the amendments to the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco); invited the African States to sign and ratify the Treaty on an African nuclear-weapon-free zone as soon as possible, and called on the nuclear-weapon States to sign its relevant protocols.

In other action, it sought urgent steps to establish a nuclear-weapon- free zone in the Middle East; called on all countries of the region to place their nuclear activities under International Atomic Energy Agency safeguards; and invited them not to develop, produce, test or acquire nuclear weapons; recognized the contribution to nuclear disarmament and to regional and global security made by Belarus, Kazakstan and Ukraine, which voluntarily renounced nuclear weapons, and by South Africa, which voluntarily gave up its nuclear- weapons programme; and called for universal adherence to the biological weapons Convention and for its ratification without delay.

The Assembly also called for steps to prevent any dumping of nuclear or radioactive wastes that would infringe on State sovereignty, and asked the Conference on Disarmament to intensify efforts to conclude a convention banning radiological weapons; encouraged the Secretary-General to continue his efforts to curb the illicit circulation of small arms and to collect arms in affected States of the Sahelo-Saharan subregion which so request; urgently called for universal adherence to the Convention on Indiscriminate Conventional Weapons and its Protocols; asked States parties to intensify efforts to strengthen its land-mines protocol, and commended to all States its protocol on blinding laser weapons.

The Assembly urged a moratorium on the export of anti-personnel land- mines and full compliance with Protocol II of the Indiscriminate Weapons Convention, which concerns such weapons; invited States to take enforcement measures to ensure the immediate discontinuance of illicit arms transfers; urged all States parties to arms limitation and disarmament agreements to comply with all their provisions; appealed for voluntary contributions for the two regional centres for disarmament in Africa and Latin America and the Caribbean; and called on all States of the Mediterranean region to adhere to multilateral disarmament instruments; invited them to address cooperatively such regional problems as terrorism, international crime, illicit arms transfers and illicit drugs; and encouraged them to promote transparency and to provide accurate data to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.

The Assembly also urged all Balkan States to normalize their relations and called on them to undertake unilateral and joint activities; supported Turkmenistan's status of permanent neutrality and called on Member States to do the same; asked States and organizations to facilitate the holding of a training programme on peace operations in Central Africa, and asked the Secretary-General to set up a trust fund for additional voluntary contributions for the United Nations Standing Advisory Committee on Security Questions in Central Africa.

In other action, the Assembly asked the Secretary-General to continue implementing the United Nations disarmament fellowship, training and advisory services, within existing resources; invited governments and non-governmental organizations to continue taking an active part in Disarmament Week; and urged the international community to devote part of the resources made available through disarmament to economic and social development.

By two of its three decisions, the Assembly acted to include the following items in the provisional agenda of its next session:

-- "Review of the Implementation of the Declaration on the Strengthening of International Security" -- by 109 votes in favour to none against with 54 abstentions (Annex II);

-- "Non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and of vehicles for their delivery in all its aspects" -- by 114 votes in favour to 1 against (United States) with 49 abstentions (Annex XXXIV).

By a third decision, adopted without a vote, it asked the Chairman of the First Committee to continue consultations on further rationalizing that body's work.

The Assembly will meet again at 10 a.m. on Thursday, 14 December, to take up the second report of its Credentials Committee. It will then resume its consideration of agenda item 105, on social development, and take action on a draft resolution contained in a report of the Secretary-General (document A/50/728). It will then take up its agenda item on assistance in mine clearance.

For further details please see source:
MEETINGS COVERAGE

For further details please see official record:
A/50/PV.90
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