88th Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 50th Session - Part 2

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11-Dec-1995 01:02:23
Drafts on situation in Haiti, cooperation between the United Nations (UN) and the Organization of African Unity (OAU) introduced in Assembly at 88th meeting.

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The General Assembly this afternoon heard the introduction of draft resolutions concerning the situation in Haiti and cooperation with the Organization of African Unity (OAU).

By the terms of the draft resolution on Haiti, the Assembly would state that it stands ready to extend the United Nations component of the International Civilian Mission to Haiti beyond 7 February 1996. And it would request the Secretary-General to support the Haitian Government and to continue to coordinate the efforts of the United Nations system to help provide humanitarian aid and meet Haiti's development requirements.

The recent violence in Haiti was a reminder of the still fragile nature of democratic process in that country, the representative of Barbados said, speaking on behalf of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). However, given the Government's commitment to the democratic process, CARICOM urged the international community to stay the course with Haiti.

The representative of the United States stressed the need to encourage the people, political parties and electoral authorities in Haiti to remain fully committed to the electoral process, adding that the United States stood ready to continue the Mission's mandate to assure a smooth transition of the second freely elected President of Haiti to office in an atmosphere of increasing respect for human rights.

The representative of Haiti said his country had achieved considerable progress with respect to human rights and the democratic process, but a great deal remained to be done. The forces of resistance could be seen in the recent attack in Port-au-Prince in which a deputy had been killed and another seriously wounded. In response to that incident, the Government had decided to carry out a disarmament campaign with the support of the Mission. Haiti required continued international assistance in order to consolidate democracy.

By the terms of the draft resolution regarding cooperation with the OAU, the Secretary-General would be requested to support the efforts of the OAU Secretary-General, in particular in the preparation of the first meeting of the Economic and Social Council of the African Economic Community, and in strengthening regional economic communities and supporting the Treaty establishing the African Economic Community.

The representative of Ethiopia said the United Nations and the OAU could embark on action-oriented undertakings which included the effective delivery of humanitarian assistance, effective peace-keeping operations, peacemaking and peace-building efforts that would contribute to socio-economic progress and poverty alleviation. Field-oriented action should go beyond piles and piles of documents that would only negatively impact the environment.

Speaking on behalf of the European Union, the representative of Spain said the Union was contributing much of the necessary means to assist in the development of Africa, and called on the African countries themselves to promote sustainable development and greater political stability through such measures as the establishment of democratic political systems, a responsible and transparent management of public affairs, and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The Observer of the Organization of African Unity said the OAU and the United Nations could cooperate in the restoration of peace, in providing technical assistance, and in strengthening institutional and regional capacities in Africa. He supported the holding of the United Nations Conference on peace, security and stability in the Great Lakes region and called for encouragement of the moderate elements in Burundi.

The draft resolution on Haiti was introduced by the representative of Brazil. Also speaking in the debate on that subject were the representatives of Canada, Japan, Spain (on behalf of the European Union), Argentina, France and Venezuela.

The draft resolution regarding cooperation with the OAU was introduced by the representative of the Sudan. Other speakers in the debate on that item were the representatives of Egypt and Tunisia.

The Assembly will meet at 10 a.m. tomorrow, 12 December, to resume consideration of the strengthening of the coordination of United Nations humanitarian and disaster relief, and to discuss the report of the Preparatory Committee for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the United Nations regarding commemoration of that anniversary.

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