81st Plenary Meeting of General Assembly: 50th Session - Part 2

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05-Dec-1995 01:01:29
General Assembly calls on States to become parties to 1982 Law of Sea Convention at 81st meeting.

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The General Assembly called upon all States that have not done so to become parties to the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea, under the terms of a resolution adopted this afternoon by a vote of 132 in favour to 1 against (Turkey), with 3 abstentions (Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela), one of three texts adopted concerning the law of the sea or the sustainable use and conservation of marine living resources. (For details of the voting, See annex.)

By other terms of the text on the Convention, the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to convene the 1996 meetings of the States parties from 4 to 8 March, 6 to 10 May and 29 July to 2 August. It also emphasized the importance of making adequate provisions for the efficient functioning of the institutions established by the Convention.

Under the terms of another resolution, adopted without a vote, the Assembly emphasized the importance of the early entry into force and effective implementation of the United Nations Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the Convention on the Law of the Sea Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. States that had not signed, ratified or acceded to the Agreement which was open for signature Monday at United Nations Headquarters, were called upon to do so.

By another resolution adopted today without a vote, the Assembly reaffirmed the importance of compliance with its 1991 resolution 46/215, calling for the full implementation of a global moratorium on all large-scale pelagic drift-net fishing on the high seas. The international community was urged to take greater enforcement responsibility to ensure full compliance with that resolution, and to impose appropriate sanctions against acts contrary to the terms of that text.

Also by that text, the Assembly called upon States to ensure that fishing vessels entitled to fly their national flags did not fish in areas under the national jurisdiction of other States unless duly authorized. It urged that action be taken to reduce by-catches, fish discards and post- harvest losses.

Statements were made by the representatives of Spain (on behalf of the European Union), Sweden, United States, Papua New Guinea, China, Israel, Mexico, Italy, Singapore, Malta, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom, Philippines, New Zealand, Japan, Iceland, Belize, Germany and the Russian Federation.

The Assembly will meet again at 10 a.m. Wednesday, 6 December, to take up the reports of its Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization). It will also consider the implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples as well as the University for Peace.

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