3722nd Meeting of Security Council: Situation in Angola - Part 1

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11-Dec-1996 00:51:41
Security Council extends the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 28 February 1997 at 3722nd meeting.

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The Security Council this evening extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 28 February 1997 and approved the Secretary-General's recommendation to resume withdrawal of UNAVEM III formed military units during February 1997.
According to resolution 1087 (1996), adopted unanimously, the pace of UNAVEM's withdrawal would be commensurate with progress achieved in the quartering areas, in demobilization and in the extension of State administration throughout Angola.

The Council also authorized the Secretary-General to begin gradual withdrawal of UNAVEM units from individual quartering areas prior to February 1997 and to accelerate the withdrawal schedule, if former combatants vacated the quartering areas in accordance with the 1994 Lusaka Protocol and if other factors were conducive to withdrawal, without putting the peace process at risk.

The Council requested the Secretary-General to report, no later than 10 February, on a plan for a limited follow-on United Nations presence which would include military observers, police observers, a political component, human rights monitors and a Special Representative. It expressed readiness to consider, in that context, the possibility of sending a Council mission to Angola before the expiration of UNAVEM III's mandate.

Reminding the Government of Angola and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) to uphold, without delay, their obligations under the Lusaka Protocol, the Council stressed that both parties must immediately begin to cooperate on integrating selected UNITA officers and troops into the Angolan Armed Forces and on demobilizing those remaining in the quartering areas.

Shortly before the Council met, it received a letter from the Government of Angola stating that President José Eduardo dos Santos had ordered the appointment of nine UNITA generals to functions in the Ministry of Defence and in the Angolan Armed Forces. The letter will be issued as document S/1996/102. Also, according to several speakers this evening, prior to the Council meeting UNITA had issued a declaration that all its soldiers had been quartered.

The Council in its resolution called on UNITA to cooperate with the Government in creating an integrated Angolan Armed Forces and police units, which would begin the gradual, orderly and peaceful extension of State administration into areas formerly occupied by UNITA. It also urged the Government to avoid offensive military operations which went beyond those strictly necessary for the restoration and maintenance of law and order in the area formerly occupied by UNITA.

Also by the resolution adopted this evening, the Council urged the two parties to reach agreement on the special status of the President of UNITA, Jonas Savimbi, as the President of the largest opposition party before 31 December 1996, without linking that issue to the formation of a Government of National Unity and Reconciliation. Accordingly, it called on the President of UNITA to travel to Luanda for the creation of such a Government and, thereafter, to maximize the amount of time spent in Luanda to enhance confidence in the country's democratic institutions and the irreversibility of the peace process.

Statements were made by the representatives of Angola, Portugal, Botswana, France, China, United Kingdom, Germany, Poland, Egypt, Indonesia, Russian Federation, Chile, Republic of Korea, Guinea-Bissau, Honduras, United States, Italy, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Brazil, Zambia, Mauritius, Mozambique, United Republic of Tanzania, Lesotho, South Africa, Malawi and Sao Tome and Principe.

The meeting began at 5:27 and adjourned at 8 p.m.

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