3721st Meeting of Security Council: Situation in Haiti - Part 1

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05-Dec-1996 01:11:44
Security Council extends the mandate of the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) until 31 May 1997 at 3721st meeting.

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The Security Council this morning extended the mandate of the United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) until 31 May 1997, with 300 civilian police personnel and 500 military troops -- a reduction of 100 in the military strength of the Mission.

Unanimously adopting resolution 1086 (1996), the Council also decided that if the Secretary-General reported by 31 March 1997 that UNSMIH could make a further contribution to the consolidation of democracy and revitalization of Haiti's system of justice, its mandate would be further extended for a final time until July 1997. The Secretary-General was requested to include in his report recommendations on further reductions in the Mission's strength and the nature of a subsequent international presence in Haiti.

In his latest report on Haiti to the Council, the Secretary-General states that the Haitian National Police was not in a position to ensure its own continued development, while, at the same time, maintaining security and stability in the country. Crime was still a major problem, and the potential for incidents might increase as the police step up their efforts to deal with it, the Secretary-General states.

By the terms of the resolution, the Security Council affirmed the importance of a professional, self-sustaining, fully functioning national police force of adequate size and strength in Haiti, able to conduct the full spectrum of police functions, to the consolidation of democracy and revitalization of the country's system of justice.

Recognizing that economic rehabilitation and reconstruction constituted the major tasks facing the Haitian Government and people, the Council stressed the importance of the Government and the international financial institutions continuing their close collaboration to ensure additional financial support.

The Council requested all States to support the actions taken by the United Nations and by Member States under its resolutions on Haiti and to further make voluntary contributions to the trust fund established in resolution 975 (1995) for the support of the Haitian National Police.

The representative of Haiti told the Council that international support had been critical to Haiti's efforts to consolidate democracy and national security. Continuing assistance would be needed to ameliorate the socio- economic conditions which were a "breeding ground" for subversive groups, he said.

The representative of France termed UNSMIH as one of the Organization's "greatest successes". It had allowed for the consolidation of the democratic transition in Haiti and had helped develop a National Police that respected human rights and maintained public security. The representative of Canada said that stability in Haiti was key to the continuing security of the Caribbean region and to the further development of democracy in the western hemisphere.

The representative of the United States said that in a more secure environment the Haitian economy was improving. Privatization and civil service reforms had spurred growth, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had approved a new structural adjustment programme.

Statements were also made by the representatives of Argentina, Venezuela, Russian Federation, Indonesia, China, Honduras, Germany, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom, Botswana, Poland, Guinea-Bissau, Chile, Egypt and Italy.

The meeting, which was called to order at 11:07 a.m, was adjourned at 12:46 p.m.

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