3702nd Meeting of Security Council: Situation in Angola - Part 4

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10-Oct-1996 00:49:44
Selfishness and greed stymie peace process in Angola, Zimbabwe's foreign minister tells Security Council at 3702nd meeting.

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The time had come to say "enough is enough" to the "scheming, selfishness, greed and self-aggrandizement" which had stymied the peace process in Angola, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Zimbabwe, Stanislaus I.G. Mudenge, told the Security Council this morning, as it met to consider the situation in Angola.

The first of 35 speakers, the Foreign Minister was also speaking as Chairman of the Ministerial delegation of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Summit of 2 October, dispatched to participate in today's debate. The delegation also included the Foreign Ministers of Angola, Mozambique and Botswana.

He told the Council that it must salvage the peace process and restore the credibility of the United Nations in a clear and decisive manner. He proposed that if the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) did not comply with its commitments under the Lusaka Protocol, all its bank accounts should be frozen, its offices should be closed and no new ones should be allowed to be opened. Further, UNITA leaders and personnel should be denied visas, and trips to Bailundo and Andula should only be allowed for peace process-related missions. Those measures should come into force within 30 days of a Council resolution, unless the Secretary-General reported UNITA's full compliance with its obligations, he said.

The Minister for External Affairs of Angola, Venancio de Moura, called on the Council to apply the sanctions contained in Security Council resolution 864 (1993) to compel UNITA to carry out its commitments under the Lusaka Protocol. Only by taking a firm stand and exerting effective pressure could the international community force UNITA and its leader to abide by Council decisions, he said.

Other speakers expressed concern over the absence of UNITA's leader, Jonas Savimbi, from the SADC Summit and called on him to meet soon with the President of Angola to overcome the remaining obstacles to the peace process. They also called on UNITA to end its procrastination regarding: the quartering of its troops; the return of its members to the National Assembly; the return of general officers to the Angolan armed forces; the selection of UNITA troops for incorporation into the armed forces; and the re-establishment of government administration in areas occupied by UNITA.

Regarding the United Nation Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III), whose mandate expires 11 October, a number of speakers agreed with the Secretary-General's recommendation that the Council consider only a short extension of the Mission's mandate until 11 December. They also demanded that UNITA cease its attacks on UNAVEM III personnel.

The Foreign Ministers of Mozambique and Botswana also addressed the Council in today's debate.

Statements were made by the representatives of the United States, China, Indonesia, Italy, Guinea-Bissau, Germany, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, United Kingdom, Egypt, France, Chile, Poland, Honduras, Portugal, Nigeria, Zambia, Tunisia, Ireland (on behalf of the European Union and associated States), India, Malaysia, Algeria, Brazil, Cape Verde, Costa Rica, Malawi, Nicaragua, Burundi, Cuba, Mali and Lesotho.

The meeting, which began at 11:03 a.m., adjourned at 5:35 p.m.

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