3769th Meeting of Security Council: Angola

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16-Apr-1997 01:45:52
Security Council extends Angola Verification Mission until 30 June, with understanding of transition towards observer mission, at 3769th meeting.

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Adopting Resolution 1106 (1997) Unanimously, Council Requests Report by 6 June on Continued UN Presence

The Security Council this afternoon extended the mandate of the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM III) until 30 June 1997, with the understanding that the Mission would proceed with the transition towards an observer mission that would focus on political, police and human rights aspects, as well as on humanitarian and public information programmes in support of the national reconciliation process.

Following two meetings and statements by 29 speakers on the situation in Angola, the Council unanimously adopted resolution 1106 (1997) by which it also requested the Secretary-General to complete the withdrawal of UNAVEM III military units as scheduled, taking into account progress in the remaining relevant aspects of the peace process.

The Council expressed its intention to consider the establishment of a follow-on United Nations presence to succeed UNAVEM III and requested the Secretary-General to submit a report, no later than 6 June, containing recommendations regarding the structure, specific goals and cost implications of such a mission.

Reiterating the importance of full implementation by the Government of Angola and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) of their commitments to the peace process, the Council strongly urged them to complete without delay the remaining military aspects of the process, including the incorporation of UNITA soldiers into the Angolan Armed Forces and demobilization, and the selection and incorporation of UNITA personnel into the Angolan National Police. The Council also urged the parties to complete the normalization of State administration throughout the national territory.

The Council also expressed its hope for a meeting between the President of Angola and the leader of UNITA.

The representative of Angola said the formation of a government of national unity did not mean that the peace process was finished. None the less, Angolans could now turn to the establishment of the rule of law under which individual and collective rights were respected and in which political differences could be resolved in parliament. Although national reconstruction was a challenge requiring continued international support, the future of Angola was now in the hands of Angolans.

Expressing the concern voiced by most speakers over the need to complete the political and military aspects of the Lusaka Protocol, the representative of the Russian Federation said failure to resolve those issues could lead to new difficulties. He called on the parties to fulfil the remaining aspects of the peace process.

The representative of the United States expressed concern over persistent reports of Angolan involvement in the conflict in Zaire. He called upon all Angolans to put an immediate halt to such actions and to give their full support to the international effort to reach a negotiated settlement to the conflict on the basis of the United Nations five-point peace plan.

In response, the representative of Angola denied allegations that the Angolan Government had participated in the conflict in Zaire. Angola had never been involved in another country's internal affairs, although Zaire had assisted UNITA in fighting against the Angolan Government ever since independence, he said.

Speaking as a representative of his country, the President of the Council, Antonio Monteiro (Portugal), said "Peace, prosperity and democracy are the separate threads that will unite Angola in a joint destiny". National reconciliation must mean national unity in a democracy. He called on the parties to proceed in such a way as to contribute always to regional peace and stability.

Statements were also made by the representatives of China, Japan, Republic of Korea, United Kingdom, Poland, France, Guinea-Bissau, Egypt, Kenya, Sweden, Costa Rica, Malawi, Brazil, South Africa, Uruguay, Mozambique, Cameroon, Argentina, Lesotho, Netherlands, Zimbabwe, Qatar, Peru, Botswana and Chile.

The first meeting on the item began at 11:30 a.m. and was adjourned at 12:46 p.m. The second meeting, which began at 3:40 p.m., was adjourned at 5:26 p.m.

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846129, 846138
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