SOUTH SUDAN / REFUGEE CRISIS

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18-Dec-2018 00:02:55
The South Sudan refugee situation is the largest on the African continent. More than 2.5 million South Sudanese refugees are currently struggling to survive in exile. By the end of 2019, UNHCR estimates 2,802,289 people will have fled South Sudan. UNHCR is appealing for (USD) 2.7 billion to provide life-saving assistance to the displaced. UNHCR

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STORY: SOUTH SUDAN / REFUGEE CRISIS
TRT: 2:55
SOURCE: UNHCR
RESTRICTIONS: PLEASE CREDIT UNHCR ON SCREEN
LANGUAGES: ENGLISH / LINGALA / NATS

DATES: 23/06/2017, 08/05/17, 21/07/2016, 26/07/2016, 23/06/2017, 8/05/2017, 23/06/2017, 13 & 14/11/2017, 06/07/2016, 13 & 14/11/2017, 2013, 29, 30/08/2017 AND 5/09/2018

LOCATIONS: MERI REFUGEE SITE, ABA, HAUT-UELE PROVINCE, NORTHEAST DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO; BIDIBIDI REFUGEE CAMP, NORTHERN UGANDA; RHINO REFUGEE CAMP, NORTHERN UGANDA; ELEGU/ADJUMANI UGANDA; KAKUMA REFUGEE CAMP, KENYA; KARDIANDONGO AND LAMWO, UGANDA; KULE CAMP, GAMBELLA, ETHIOPIA; RSC, NAIROBI, KENYA

SHOTLIST:

21 JULY 2016, ELEGU, ADJUMANI, UGANDA

1 Wide shot, refugees crammed together, seated in the back of a truck arriving at refugee site
2. Med shot, refugee child being helped out of a truck by a refugee woman
3. Med shot, refugee child being registered

26 JULY 2016, ELEGU, ADJUMANI UGANDA

4. Med shot, refugee baby wrapped in blanket
5. Various shots, Sudanese refugees arriving carrying belongings
6. Wide shot, DNC and UNHCR aid workers assisting displaced
7. Wide shot, South Sudanese refugees UNHCR truck in background
23 JUNE 2017, BIDIBIDI REFUGEE CAMP, NORTHERN UGANDA

8. Med shot, refugee boy’s face peering through a hole in a UNHCR tent

01 MAY 2017, BIDIBIDI REFUGEE CAMP, NORTHERN UGANDA

9. Drone shot, Bidi Bidi refugee camp

06 JULY 2016, KAKUMA REFUGEE CAMP, KENYA
10. Med shot, malnourished refugee child in a hospital in Kakuma
08 MAY 2017, RHINO REFUGEE CAMP, NORTHERN UGANDA
11. Wide shot, refugee cycling in Rhino camp

13 – 14 NOVEMBER 2017, MERI REFUGEE SITE, ABA, HAUT-UELE PROVINCE, NORTHEAST DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO

12. Various shots, refugees standing outside of damaged UNHCR tent as storm rages
13. Close up, South Sudanese refugee Peter Juma Maru’s face at sundown
14. SOUNDBITE (English) Peter Juma, South Sudanese Refugee:
“The rate of death here in this camp is very high, very high. Some elderly here, even young children, all of the sudden you find that somebody has died. I feel that hopelessness, very very highly.”
15. Various shots, Peter during sunset
16. Various shots, refugee women working at their salon in Meri refugee site
17. SOUNDBITE (Lingala) Esther Manduku, South Sudanese Refugee:
“Some of us lost our husbands in the war. And some of us have no idea where our husbands are. When we are arrived we were penniless. There are some women who have nothing to eat. Nothing at all.”
18. Med shot, Esther is being interviewed
19. Various shots, refugee woman braiding her customer’s hair
25 FEBRUARY 2017, ARUA, UGANDA

20. Wide shot, Humanitarian partners assisting refugees

05 SEPTEMBER 2018, RSC, NAIROBI

21. SOUNDBITE (English) Naser Mohmad, Senior Regional Nutrition Expert, UNHCR:
“There are significant cuts across the region. Funding has been shrinking. We are not able to provide adequate drinking water.”

25 FEBRUARY 2017, ARUA, UGANDA

22. Wide shot, refugee woman fixing up her tent

26 JANUARY 2014, UGANDA

23. Various shots, newly arrived refugees getting off a truck

FILE – 2013 KARDIANDONGO AND LAMWO, UGANDA

24. Med shot, malnourished refugee child
25. Wide shot, refugee kids covered in blankets on the ground

25 FEBRUARY 2017, ARUA, UGANDA

26. Various shots, UNHCR field officer assisting elderly refugee woman

29 – 30 AUGUST 2017, KULE CAMP, GAMBELLA, ETHIOPIA

27. Wide shot, Nyahok’s dad and siblings standing outside their home
28. Med shot, Nyahok staring out the window of their home
29. SOUNDBITE (Nuer) Nyahok, South Sudanese refugee girl:
“I’m going to be a pilot, girls. We’ll travel the world together.”
30. Wide shot, Nyahok and her siblings sitting together on the floor of their house
31. Med shot, Nyahok inside her house

STORYLINE:

The South Sudan refugee situation is the largest on the African continent. More than 2.5 million South Sudanese refugees are currently struggling to survive in exile. By the end of 2019, UNHCR estimates 2,802,289 people will have fled South Sudan. UNHCR is appealing for (USD) 2.7 billion to provide life-saving assistance to the displaced.

UNHCR, the UN Refuge Agency, and NGO partners are today launching an appeal for US$2.7 billion to address the live-saving humanitarian needs of South Sudanese refugees in 2019 and 2020.

Five years on since the onset of a brutal civil war, over 2.2 million South Sudanese refugees have sought safety in six neighboring countries Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic (CAR). Another 1.9 million remain internally displaced inside South Sudan.

UNHCR welcomed that there had been a relative reduction in violence in parts of the country since the signing of the revitalized peace agreement in September 2018. The refugee agency appealed to all parties to continue to respect and implement the agreement. Given a history of past breaches to peace initiatives however, UNHCR does not yet view the current environment in South Sudan as being conducive for safe returns of refugees.

UNHCR also commended the continued generosity of host countries in maintaining open borders for South Sudanese refugees seeking safety, especially given the immense pressures on the limited resources of asylum countries. Due to the scale of displacement, levels of funding have been far outpaced by rising needs. Hugely more international support and solidarity is urgently needed for South Sudanese refugees.

Schools are lacking teachers, classrooms, and educational materials leaving half of South Sudan’s refugee children out of school. Health clinics have insufficient doctors, nurses and medications. Low funding has led to food rations being cut in Ethiopia. In Sudan, some refugees and their host communities are having to survive on merely five liters of water per person per day, inevitably leading to tensions. Economic opportunities for refugees to develop their own income streams remain limited.

A key priority for UNHCR is the promotion of social cohesion progammes among refugees and their hosts, to ensure the ongoing viability of the two communities living together peacefully and harmoniously. In any refugee situation, it is vital that both communities are helped.

Sexual and gender-based violence and child protection activities remain primary concerns, as 83% of refugees are women and children. Many women have reported rape and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence, along with the killings of their husbands, and the abduction of children during flight.

Children too have in many cases experienced extreme violence and trauma, including the death of one or both parents. Many have become primary caregivers to younger siblings. Thousands of children have been forcibly recruited as child soldiers by armed groups. In 2018, UNHCR and partners received just 38% of the $1.4 billion requested to support South Sudanese refugees.
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