GENEVA / SOUTH SUDAN APPEAL

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18-Dec-2018 00:01:21
The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) launched a 2.7 billion USD appeal today for millions of South Sudanese people uprooted by years of civil war in what is Africa’s largest displacement crisis. UNIFEED

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STORY: GENEVA / SOUTH SUDAN APPEAL
TRT: 1:21
SOURCE: UNTV CH
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LANGUAGE: ENGLISH / NATS

DATELINE: 18 DECEMBER 2018, NEW YORK CITY

SHOTLIST:

FILE - NEW YORK CITY

1. Wide shot, Palais des Nations exterior

18 DECEMBER 2018, NEW YORK CITY

2. Wide shot, press room
3. SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and NGO partners are today launching an appeal for 2.7 billion US dollars to address the live-saving humanitarian needs of South Sudanese refugees for 2019 and 2020.”
4. Wide shot, dais
5. SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“In Sudan, some refugees and their host communities are having to survive on just five litres of water per person per day, inevitably leading to tensions.”
6. Wide shot, journalists
7. SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Many women have reported rape and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence, along with the killings of their husbands and the abduction of children during flight.”
8. Wide shot, journalists
9. SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“Children too have in many cases experienced extreme violence and trauma, including the death of one or both parents. Many have become primary caregivers to younger siblings.”
10. Med shot, journalist
11. SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“The issue here is that there have been previous attempts at cultivating peace that have not withstood.”
12. Various shots, journalists

STORYLINE:

The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) launched a 2.7 billion USD appeal today (18 Dec) for millions of South Sudanese people uprooted by years of civil war in what is Africa’s largest displacement crisis.

Widespread fighting in South Sudan began in 2013 between supporters of President Salva Kiir and his then Vice-President Riek Machar following the country’s declaration of independence from its northern neighbour in 2011. Hundreds of thousands of people are believed to have been killed in the fighting.

UNHCR spokesperson Charlie Yaxley told reporters in Geneva today (18 Dec) that there had been previous attempts at “cultivating peace that have not withstood.” He noted however that there had been a relative reduction in violence in parts of the country, since the signing of a new peace agreement in September.

The deal envisages elections in 2022 and the return of Machar as one of five vice-Presidents, but Yaxley highlighted that UNHCR does not yet view the current environment in South Sudan as being conducive for the safe return of those who have fled the country.

More than 2.2 million people are now refugees in six neighbouring countries - Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Central African Republic (CAR) – and another 1.9 million have been uprooted from their homes inside South Sudan.

Although UNHCR commended the generosity of host countries in keeping their borders open to South Sudanese nationals, Yaxley said, in some places, rations have had to be cut as levels of funding have been far outpaced by rising needs.

SOUNDBITE (English) Charlie Yaxley, Spokesperson, United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR):
“In Sudan, some refugees and their host communities are having to survive on just five litres of water per person per day, inevitably leading to tensions.”

Victims of the five-year civil war have also recounted being the object of horrific rights violations which correlate with others documented by UN-appointed independent human rights experts. Yaxley said, “Many women have reported rape and other forms of sexual and gender-based violence, along with the killings of their husbands and the abduction of children during flight.” He added that children had also in many cases experienced “extreme violence and trauma, including the death of one or both parents. Many have become primary caregivers to younger siblings.”

Yaxley noted that this year’s humanitarian appeal – which also covers UNHCR’s partners in the field – has been funded at only 38 percent and appealed for more international support. Priorities for UNHCR include the promotion of social cohesion programmes for refugees and their hosts to ensure the ongoing viability of both communities living together.
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